G1128 γυμνάζω
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gymnazo̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

** γυμνάζω (< γυμνός), [in LXX: II Mac 10:15 * ;] 1. properly, to exercise naked. 2. Generally, to exercise, train the body or mind: I Ti 4:7, He 5:14 12:11, II Pe 2:14.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

γυμν-άζω,
  future -άσω: aorist ἐγύμνασα Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 540 : perfect γεγύμνακα prev. author “Pr.” 586 (Lyric poetry):—middle, (see. below):—passive, aorist ἐγυμνάσθην Demosthenes Orator 61.43 : perfect γεγύμνασμαι (see. below): (γυμνός):—train naked, train in gymnastic exercise: generally, train, exercise, τὸ σῶμα, τὴν ψυχήν, Isocrates Orator 2.11; ἑαυτὸν καὶ τοὺς ἵππους Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.2.7; ἑαυτὸν πρός τι Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 2.18.27: with infinitive, γ. τοὺς παῖδάς τι ποιεῖν train or accustom them to do a thing, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.6.32 ; γ. τινά τινι accustom him to it, prev. work 1.2.10; τινὰ περί τι Isocrates Orator 10.5 ; teach rhetoric, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 2.50 S .:—middle, exercise for oneself, practise, γυμνάσασθαι τέχνην Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 514e; τὰ περὶ τὰς διαίτας 1st cStrabo Geographus 14.2.19; γυμνάσιον τὸ εἰωθός Aelianus “Varia Historia” 5.6 ; practise gymnastic exercises, Theognis Elegiacus 1335, Herodotus Historicus 7.208, Thucydides Historicus 1.6. etc.; δρόμῳ “IG” 4.955.8 (2nd c.AD) , etc.; generally, practise, ναῦς -ομένας Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.1.16 ; of a disputer, Aristoteles Philosophus “Topica” 108a13, etc.: —passive, ὁ γεγυμνασμένος the trained or practised orator, opposed to ὁ εὐφυής, prev. author “Rh.” 1410b8 ; γεγυμνάσθαι πρός τι, ἔντινι, be trained or practised for or in a thing, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 626b, 635c; περὶ τὰ ὅπλα γυμνάζεσθαι Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.5.23: with acc., τὰ πρὸς τὰς πολεμικὰς πράξεις γεγυμνασμένοι τὰς ἕξεις.. Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1319a22; θήραν Philostratus Sophista “Vita Apollonii” 3.9: with gen., γεγ. θαλάττης, πολέμων, σοφίας, prev. author “Her.” 2.15, 3.1, 10.1; καρδία γεγ. πλεονεξίας τινί NT.2Pet.2.14; also ὕδωρ ὑπὸ συνεχῶν πληγῶν γεγ. καὶ κεκαθαρμένον Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 3.1.2.
__2 prepare, βιβλίδιον “PFlor.” 338.4 (3rd c.AD).
__II metaphorically, wear out, harass, ἄδην με.. πλάναι γεγυμνάκασι Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 586; ἔρως πατρῴας τῆσδε γῆς σ᾽ ἐγύμνασε prev. author “Ag.” 540 ; κρυμὸς.. πλευρὰ γυμνάζει χολῆς, of pleurisy, Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 682 :—passive, τοὺς ὑπερμήκεις δρόμους.. γυμνάζεται Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 592.
__II.2 investigate, Sammelb. 5941.12 (Pass., 6th c.AD).
__III ={γυμνόω}, “PSI” 1.70 (Pass., 6th c.AD).

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