binden, vastmaken
Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

δέω (I), [in LXX chiefly for אסר H631 ;] to tie, bind, fasten (1) c. acc. rei, seq. εἰς δεσμάς, Mt 13:30; of an ass, Mt 21:2, Mk 11:2, 4 Lk 19:30. (2) c. acc. pers., of swathing a dead body, ὀθονίοις, Jo 19:40; δεδομένος τ. πόδας . . . κειρίαις (Bl., §34, 6; Kühner 3, iii, 125), Jo 11:44; of binding with chains, ἀγγέλους, Re 9:14; a demoniac, πέδαις κ. ἁλύσεσι, Mk 5:3, 4; captives, Mt 12:29 14:3 22:13 27:2, Mk 3:27 6:17 15:1, 7, Jo 18:12, 24, Ac 9:2, 14, 21, 21:11, 13 22:5, 29 24:27, Col 4:3, Re 20:2; ἁλύσεσι, Ac 12:6 21:33. Metaph., ὁ λόγος τ. Θεοῦ, II Ti 2:9; of Satan binding by disease (MM, s.v.), Lk 13:16; of constraint or obligation, Ac 20:22; of the marriage bond, I Co 7:39; id. c. dat. pers., ἀνδρί, Ro 7:2; γυναικί, I Co 7:27; in Rabbinic lang. (Dalman, Words, 213f.), forbidden, Mt 16:19 18:18 (cf. κατα-, περι-, συν-, ὐπο-δέω; Cremer, 82).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

__B Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 1006, etc. : future δεήσω Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 395e : aorist ἐδέησα Lysias Orator 30.8, Ep. δῆσα only Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.100 : perfect δεδέηκα Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 277d :—middle, future δεήσομαι Thucydides Historicus 1.32, etc. , Doric dialect δεοῦμαι Epicharmus Comicus 120 ; later -ηθήσομαι LXX.Job.5.8, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.213c, etc.+1st c.AD+: aorist ἐδεήθην Herodotus Historicus 4.84, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 986, etc. : perfect δεδέημαι Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.7.14, Isaeus Orator 8.22 (the forms δεήσω, etc., compared with the Ep. ἐδεύησα, δεύομαι, point to root δεϝ) :—lack, miss, stand in need of, with genitive, ἐμεῖο δὲ δῆσε.. ἀλκτῆρα γενέσθαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” prev. cited (elsewhere Homerus Epicus uses δεύω, which see) ; παραδείγματος τὸ παράδειγμα αὐτὸ δεδέηκεν Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 277d, compare Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 4.2.10.
__B.2 frequently in Attic dialect, πολλοῦ δέω I want much, i.e. am far from, mostly with infinitive present, πολλοῦ δ. ἀπολογεῖσθαι I am far from defending myself, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 30d; πολλοῦ δεῖς εἰπεῖν prev. author “Men.” 79b; π. δ. ἀγνοεῖν prev. author “Ly.” 204e; π. γε δέουσι μαίνεσθαι prev. author “Men.” 92a; also μικροῦ ἔδεον ἐν χερσὶν εἶναι Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 4.6.11, compare Menander Comicus “Γεωργός” 25; τοσούτου δέω ἱκανὸς εἶναι λέγειν ὥστε.. Lysias Orator 17.1; τοσούτου δέουσι μιμεῖσθαι Isocrates Orator 14.17 (also τοσοῦτον δέω εἰδέναι Plato Philosophus “Meno” 71a) ; παρὰ μικρὸν ἐδέησα ἀποθανεῖν variant in Isocrates Orator 17.42; simply ἐδέησα κινδύνῳ περιπεσεῖν Alciphro Epistolographus 3.5: abs., πολλοῦ γε δέω I am far from it, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 228a; τοῦ παντὸς δέω Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 1006; παντὸς δεῖ τοιοῦτος εἶναι Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 221d (impers. πολλοῦ δεῖ, etc., see at {δεῖ} II.1. b) : in participle, παλαστῆς δεόντων τεττάρων ποδῶν “IG” 12.373.8; μικροῦ δέοντα τέτταρα τάλαντα Demosthenes Orator 27.35 ; the participle is frequently used to express numerals compounded with 8 or 9, ἀνδράσιν ἑνὸς δέουσι τριάκοντα “IG” 12.374.413 ; δυοῖν δέοντα τεσσεράκοντα forty lacking two, thirty-eight, Herodotus Historicus 1.14; πεντήκοντα δυοῖν δέοντα ἔτη Thucydides Historicus 2.2 ; ἑνὸς δέον εἰκοστὸν ἔτος the 20th year save one, the 19th, prev. author 8.6; δυοῖν δεούσαις εἴκοσι ναυσίν Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.1.5: later, the infinitive stands absolutely, περὶ τὰ ἑνὸς δεῖν πεντήκοντα fifty save one, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1390b11 : participle in genitive, τροφαλίδες μιᾶς δεούσης εἴκοσιν prev. author “HA” 522a31; πόλεων δυοῖν δεούσαιν ἑξήκοντα 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 5.27; ἑξήκοντα ἑνὸς δέοντος ἔτη Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pompeius” 79.
__B.3 participle δέων, δέουσα, as adjective, fit, proper, ὁ καιρὸς οὐκ ἔστι χρόνος δέων Aristoteles Philosophus “Analytica Priora” 48b36; τοῖς δέουσι χρόνοις “IG” 12(3).247.11 (from Anaphe) ; ἡ δέουσα ἑκάστων χρῆσις Hierocl.p.61 Aeschylus Tragicus, etc.: especiallyfrequently in neut., see at {δέον}.
__B.4 δεῖ impersonal, see entry
__B.II deponent verb δέομαι: contraction δῆσθε Sophron Comicus 46 , participle δεύμενος prev. author 36 : future δεήσομαι Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 53b: aorist ἐδεήθην: always personal, and used by Homerus Epicus only in form δεύομαι (see. δεύω B):
__B.II.1 absolutely, to be in want or need, require, mostly in participle, κάρτα δεόμενος Herodotus Historicus 8.59 ; οἱ δεόμενοι the needy, opposed to οἱ κεκτημένοι τὰς οὐσίας, Isocrates Orator 6.67.
__B.II.1.b stand in need of, want, with genitive, Herodotus Historicus 1.36, etc.; τὰ σὰ δεῖται κολαστοῦ.. ἔπη Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1148; ῥώμης τινὸς δ. prev. work 1293 ; οὐδὲν δεῖσθαι τροφῆς have no need of.., Thucydides Historicus 8.43 ; ἤν τι δέωνται βασιλέως if they have any need of him, prev. work 37: with infinitive, τοῦτο ἔτι δέομαι μαθεῖν Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 392d, compare “Euthd.” 275d, etc. ; τὰ πράττεσθαι δεόμενα things needing to be done, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.3.3; τὰ δεόμενα necessaries, Inscriptiones Graecae 2.573.4 ; ἐπισκευάσαι τὰ δεόμενα parts needing repair, prev. work22.1176.15 ; τὸ δεόμενον the point threatened, Polybius Historicus 15.15.7 ; δεῖται impersonal, see at {δεῖ}.
__B.II.2 beg a thing from a person, with double genitive of things et person, τῶν ἐδέετο σφέων Herodotus Historicus 3.157, compare Thucydides Historicus 1.32, etc.; μή μου δεηθῇς. ΘΗ. πράγματος ποίο; Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1170: frequently with neut. Pron. in acc., τοῦτο ὑμῶν δέομαι Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 17c, compare “Smp.” 173e, etc.: with acc. cogn., δέημα, or oftener δέησιν, δεῖσθαί τινος, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 1059, Aeschines Orator 2.43, etc.: also with acc. rei only, ξύμφορα δ. Thucydides Historicus 1.32; δυνατά τινος Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 335e; δίκαια καὶ μέτρια ὑμῶν Demosthenes Orator 38.2; διαπράξωμαι ἃ δέομαι Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.3.29: with gen. pers. only, δεηθεὶς ὑμῶν having begged a favour of you, Demosthenes Orator 21.108 : c.genitive person et infinitive, ἐδέετο τοῦ δήμου φυλακῆς πρὸς αὐτοῦ κυρῆσαι Herodotus Historicus 1.59, compare Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 336a, etc.; δ. τινὸς ὥστε.. Thucydides Historicus 1.119; ὅπως.. Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Antonius” 84: rarely with acc. pers., ἐδέοντο Βοιωτοὺς ὅπως παραδώσουσι Thucydides Historicus 5.36: parenthetic, δέομαι I pray, LXX.Gen.44.18.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks δέομαι G1189 "nodig hebben, missen, verlangen, verzoeken"; Grieks δεσπότης G1203 "huisheer, Here, heer"; Grieks δῆμος G1218 "volk"; Grieks ἐνδεής G1729 "behoeftig"; Grieks καταδέω G2611 "vastbinden, verbinden"; Grieks περιδέω G4019 "binden rondom"; Grieks συνδέω G4887 "samenbinden, bijeen binden"; Grieks ὑποδέω G5265 "onderbinden, geschoeid zijn met";



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