sterkte, macht, bekwaamheid
Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

δύναμις, -εως, ἡ(< δύναμαι), [in LXX chiefly for חַיִל H2428 (חֵיל H2429) , ץָבָא H6635, גְּבוּרָה H1369 , עֹו H5797power, might, strength; relatively, ability, power to perform: Mt 25:15, Ac 3:2, He 11:11κατὰ δ., II Co 8:3παρὰ δ., ib.ὑπὲρ δ., II Co 1:8; of pecuniary ability, II Co 8:3, Re 18:3; absol., power, might: Lk 24:49, Ac 1:8 opp. to ἀσθένεια, I Co 15:43 ; ἡ δ. τ. ἁμαρτίας, I Co 15:56; of power in action, Ro 1:16, 20, I Co l:18, Phl 3:10, al. ἡ δ. τ. Θεοῦ, Mt 22:29, Mk 12:24, Ro 1:20, al.; opp. to μόρφωσις, II Ti 3:5; in doxologies, Re 4:11 7:12, al. ; ἐν δ., Mk 9:1, Lk 4:36, Ro 1:4, al. ; of the power of performing miracles, Ac 6:8, II Th 2:9 ; pl., Mt 13:54, Mk 6:14, Ga 3:5, al. ; of the force or meaning of a word (Plat., al.), I Co 14:11. By meton., of persons or things; (a) of God, Mt 26:64, Mk 14:62 (Dalman, Words, 200 ff.) ; (b) of angels, Ro 8:38, Eph 1:21, I Pe 3:22; (c) of armies, pl. [LXX for צְבָאוֺת H6635], metaph., of the stars, Mt 24:29, Mk 13:25, Lk 21:26; (d) of that wh. manifests God's power : Christ, I Co 1:24; τ. εὐαγγέλιον, Ro 1:16; ἡ δ. τ. κυρίου, I Co 5:4;(e) of mighty works (Tr., Syn., § xci), δ. ποιεῖν, Mk 6:5 9:39; pl., Mt 7:22, Mk 6:2, Lk 10:13, al.; σημεῖα κ. δ.,. Ac 8:13 ; δ. κ. τέρατα κ. σημεῖα, Ac 2:22, II Co 12:12

SYN.: βία, ἐνέργεια, ἐξουσία, ἰσχύς, κράτος (v. Tr., l.c.; Cremer, 218, 236; DB, i, 616; iv, 29; DCG, i, 607; ii, 188).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

δύνᾰμις ῠ, ἡ,
  genitive εως, Ionic dialect ιος, Ionic dialect dative δυνάμι: (δύναμαι):— power, might, in Homerus Epicus , especially of bodily strength, εἴ μοι δ. γε παρείη Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.62, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.294; οἵη ἐμὴ δ. καὶ χεῖρες Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.237; ἡ δ. τῶν νέων Antipho Orator 4.3.2, etc. : generally, strength, power, ability to do anything, πὰρ δύναμιν beyond one's strength, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.787; in Prose, παρὰ δ. τολμηταί Thucydides Historicus 1.70, etc.; ὑπὲρ δ. Demosthenes Orator 18.193 ; opposed to κατὰ δ. as far as lies in one, Herodotus Historicus 3.142, etc. (κὰδ δ. Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 336); εἰς δύναμιν Cratinus Comicus 172, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 458e, etc.; πρὸς τὴν δ. prev. author “Phdr.” 231a.
__2 outward power, influence, authority, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 174 (anap.), “Ag.” 779 (Lyric poetry); καταπαύσαντα τὴν Κύρου δ. Herodotus Historicus 1.90; δυνάμει προὔχοντες Thucydides Historicus 7.21, etc. ; ἐν δ. εἶναι, γενέσθαι, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 4.4.5, Demosthenes Orator 13.29.
__3 force for war, forces, δ. ἀνδρῶν Herodotus Historicus 5.100, compare Plato Philosophus “Menexenus” 240d, Polybius Historicus 1.41.2, LXX.Gen.21.22, “OGI” 139.8 (2nd c.BC)+5th c.BC+; μετὰ δυνάμεων ἱκανῶν Wilcken “Chr.” 10 (2nd c.BC), etc. ; δ. καὶ πεζὴ καὶ ἱππικὴ καὶ ναυτική Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.3.12 ; πέντε δυνάμεσι πεφρουρημένον, of the five projecting rows of sarissae in the phalanx, Asclepiodotus Tacticus “Tact.” 5.2, al.
__4 a power, quantity, χρημάτων δ. Herodotus Historicus 7.9.ά .
__5 means, κατὰ δύναμιν Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Eudemia” 1243b12 ; opposed to παρὰ δ., NT.2Cor.8.3; κατὰ δ. τῶν ὑπαρχόντων “BGU” 1051.17 (Aug.).
__II power, faculty, capacity, αἱ ἀμφὶ τὸ σῶμα δ. Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 14; αἱ τοῦ σώματος δυνάμεις Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 185e; ἡ τῆς ὄψεως δ. prev. author “R.” 532a; ἡ τῶν λεγόντων δ. Demosthenes Orator 22.11 : with genitive of things, capacity for, τῶν ἔργων Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1309a35; τοῦ λέγειν prev. author “Rh.” 1362b22 ; τοῦ λόγου, τῶν λόγων, Menander Comicus 578, Alexander Rhetor 94; δ. στρατηγική Polybius Historicus 1.84.6; δ. ἐν πραγματείᾳ prev. author 2.56.5; δ. συνθετική Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Compositione Verborum” 2 : absolutely, any natural capacity or faculty, that may be improved and may be used for good or ill, Aristoteles Philosophus “Topica” 126a37, compare “MM” 1183b28.
__II.2 elementary force, such as heat, cold, etc., Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 16, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 646a14 ; ἡ τοῦ θερμοῦ δ. prev. work 650a5; θερμαντικὴ δ. Epicurus Philosophus “Fragmenta” 60, cf. Polystr. p.23 W.
__II.2.b property, quality, ἰδίην δύναμιν καὶ φύσιν ἔχειν Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 13, compare “Nat.Hom.” 5, “Vict.” 1.10 ; especially of the natural properties of plants, etc., αἱ δ. τῶν φυομένων, τῶν σπερμάτων, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.8.14, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 8.11.1 ; productive power, τῆς γῆς prev. author “Oec.” 16.4; μετάλλων prev. author “Vect.” 4.1 : generally, function, faculty, δύναμις φυσική, ζωική, ψυχική, Galenus Medicus 10.635 ; περὶ φυσικῶν δ., title of work by Galen.
__II.2.c in plural, agencies, ὑπάρχειν ἐν τῇ φύσει τὰς τοιαύτας δυνάμεις (i.e. the gods) Polystr.p.10 W.
__II.2.d function, meaning, of part in whole, prev. author p.17 W.
__II.2.e in Music, function, value, of a note in the scale, δ. ἐστι τάξις φθόγγου ἐν συστήματι Cleonides Musicus “Introductio Harmonica - Musici Scriptores Graeci” 14, compare Aristoxenus Musicus “Harmonica” p.69M. ; μέση κατὰ δύναμιν, opposed to κατὰ θέσιν, Ptolemaeus Mathematicus “Harmonica - Opera Mathematica” 2.5.
__II.3 faculty, art, or craft, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 532d, Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1018a30, “EN” 1094a10, Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 1.1.1 ; δ. σκεπτική the doctrine of the Sceptics, Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 7.1.
__II.4 a medicine, Timostratus Comicus 7, etc.; δ. ἁπλαῖ Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ εὐσχημοσύνης” 9, Aretaeus Medicus “χρονίων νούσων θεραπευτικόν” 1.4, etc.; δ. πολυφάρμακοι Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.403c, Galenus Medicus 13.365 : in plural, collection of formulae or prescriptions, Oribasius Medicus 10.33.
__II.4.b action of medicines, περὶ τῆς ἁπλῶν φαρμάκων δ., title of work by Galen; also, potency, δυνάμει θερμά, ψυχρά, prev. author 1.672, al.
__II.5 magically potent substance or object, PMag.Leid.V. 8.12 : in plural, magical powers, Heliodorus Scriptor Eroticus 4.7.
__III force or meaning of a word, Lysias Orator 10.7, Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 394b, Diogenes Oenoandensis Epicureus 12, Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ σημείων καὶ σημειώσεων” 31, etc.
__III.b phonetic value of sounds or letters, Polybius Historicus 10.47.8, Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Compositione Verborum” 12, Lucianus Sophista “Jud.Voc.” 5, etc.
__III.2 worth or value of money, Thucydides Historicus 6.46, 2.97, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Lycurgus” 9, “Sol.” 15.
__IV capability of existing or acting, potentiality, opposed to actuality (ἐνέργεια), Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1047b31, 1051a5, etc.: hence δυνάμει as adverb, virtually, ὕστερον ὂν τῇ τάξει, πρότερον τῇ δυνάμει.. ἐστί Demosthenes Orator 3.15 ; opposed to ἐνεργείᾳ, Aristoteles Philosophus “Analytica Posteriora” 86a28, al. ; opposed to ἐντελεχείᾳ, prev. author “Ph.” 193b8, al.
__V in Mathematics texts, power, κατὰ μεταφορὰν ἡ ἐν γεωμετρίᾳ λέγεται δ. prev. author “Metaph.” 1019b33 ; usually second power, square, κατὰ δύναμιν in square, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 54b, compare “Theologumena Arithmeticae” 11, etc.: chiefly in dat., εὐθεῖα δυνάμει ἴση a line the square on which is equal to an area, ἡ BA ἐλάσσων ἐστὶν ἢ διπλασίων δυνάμει τῆς AK the square on BA is less than double of the square on AK, Archimedes Geometra “περὶ σφαίρας καὶ κυλίνδρου” 2.9: εὐθεῖαι δ. σύμμετροι commensurable in square, Euclides Geometra 10 “Def.” 2 ; ἡ δυνάμει δεκάς the series 12 + 22... + 102, “Theologumena Arithmeticae” 64.
__V.b square number, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 32a.
__V.c square of an unknown quantity (x2), Diophantus Mathematicus “Def.” 2, al.
__V.2 square root of a number which is not a perfect square, surd, opposed to μῆκος, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 147d.
__V.3 product of two numbers, ἡ ἀμφοῖν (i.e. τριάδος καὶ δυάδος) δ. ἑξάς Philo Judaeus 1.3, compare Iamblichus Philosophus “in Nicomachi arithmeticam introductionem” p.108 P. ; δυνάμει in product, 2nd-1st c.BC(?): Hero Mechanicus “Metrica” 1.15, “Theologumena Arithmeticae” 33.
__VI concrete, powers, especially of divine beings, αἱ δ. τῶν οὐρανῶν LXX.Isa.34.4, cf. NT.1Pet.3.22, al., Philo Judaeus 1.587, “Corpus Hermeticum” 1.26, Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus “de Abstinentia - Porphyrii Opuscula” 2.34: sg., NT.Act.8.10, “PMag.Par.” 1.1275+NT+1st c.AD+; πολυώνυμος δ., of God, Secundus Gnomologus “Sententiae - FPG” 3.
__VII manifestation of divine power, miracle, NT.Matt.11.21, al., Buresch “Aus Lydien” 113, etc.



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