G1849 ἐξουσία
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exoysia,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἐξουσία, -ας, ἡ (< ἔξεστι), [in LXX: IV Ki 20:13, Ps 113 (114):2 135 (136)8, 9, Is 39:2, Je 28 (51):28 (מֶמְשָׁלָה H4475), freq. in Da for Aram. שָׁלְטָן H7985, etc., Wi 10:14, Si 9:13, al. ;] 1. prop., liberty or power to act, freedom to exercise the inward force or faculty expressed by δύναμις (q.v.): I Co 9:12; ἐ. ἔχειν, II Th 3:9; id. seq. inf., Jo 10:18, I Co 9:4, 5; c. gen. obj., Ro 9:21; seq. ἐπί, c. acc., Re 22:14; περί, I Co 7:37. 2. Later (cf. Milligan, Th., 114; MM, Exp., xiv), of the power of right, authority: Mt 21:33, Mk 11:28, Lk 20:2; of Messianic authority, Mt 9:6, Mk 2:10, al.; of apostolic authority, II Co 10:8 13:10; of the authority of government: Mt 8:9 28:18, Ju 25, Re 12:10, al.; esp. of judicial authority, Lk 20:20, Jo 19:10, 11. 3. (a) jurisdiction: Lk 23:7 (cf. I Mac 6:11, Is 39:2); (b) a ruler or magistrate: Ro 13:1-3; pl., Lk 12:11, Ro 13:1, Tit 3:1; (c) of supramundane powers (syn. with ἀρχή, δύναμις, θρόνος, κυριότης): I Co 15:24, Eph 1:21 3:10, Col 2:10, I Pe 3:22, al. (Cremer. 236).

SYN.: v.s. δύναμις.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἐξουσ-ία, ἡ,
  (ἔξεστι) power, authority to do a thing, with infinitive, χαίρειν καὶ νοσεῖν ἐ. πάρεστι Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 88.11 codices; αὐτῷ ἐ. ἦν σαφῶς εἰδέναι Antipho Orator 1.6, compare Thucydides Historicus 7.12 ; ἐξουσίαν ὁ νόμος δέδωκε permission to do.., Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 182e; ἐ. ποιεῖν prev. author “Cri.” 51d, etc.; ἐ. λαβεῖν Andocides Orator 2.28, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.6.24, etc.; λαβὼν ἐ. ὥστε.. Isocrates Orator 3.45 ; ἐπὶ τῇ τῆς εἰρήνης ἐ. with the freedom permitted by peace, Demosthenes Orator 18.44: with gen. objecti, ἐ. ἔχειν θανάτου power of life and death, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 8.86 ; πρᾶγμα οὗ τὴν ἐ. ἔχουσιν ἄλλοι control over.., Diogenes Oenoandensis Epicureus 57 ; ἐ. τινός power over, licence in a thing, τοῦ λέγειν Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 461e ; ἐν μεγάλῃ ἐ. τοῦ ἀδικεῖν prev. work 526a, compare “R.” 554c ; κατὰ τὴν οὐκ ἐ. τῆς ἀγωνίσεως from want of qualification for.., Thucydides Historicus 5.50 : absolutely, power, authority, Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 784.
__2 abuse of authority, licence, arrogance, ὕβρις καὶ ἐ. Thucydides Historicus 1.38, compare 3.45, Demosthenes Orator 19.200; ἡ ἄγαν ἐ. prev. work272; ἄμετρος ἐ. “OGI” 669.51 (1st c.AD).
__3 Lit. Crit., ἐ. ποιητική poetic licence, 1st cStrabo Geographus 1.2.17, Julianus Imperator “Orationes” 1.10b.
__II office, magistracy, ἀρχαὶ καὶ ἐ. Plato Philosophus Alcaeus1.135b; οἱ ἐν ταῖς ἐ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1095b21; οἱ ἐν ἐ. ὄντες prev. author “Rh.” 1384a1; οἱ ἐπ᾽ ἐξουσιῶν LXX.Dan.3.2 +5th c.BC+; ἡ ὑπατικὴ ἐ. the consulate, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 14.113, etc.; also ἡ ὕπατος ἐ. Dionysius Halicarnassensis 7.1 ; ἡ ταμιευτικὴ ἐ. the quaestorship, prev. author 8.77 ; δημαρχικὴ ἐ., see at {δημαρχικό; ἡ τοῦ θαλάμου ἐ}., in the Roman empire, lordship of the bedchamber, Herodianus Grammaticus 1.12.3.
__II.2 concrete, body of magistrates, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 11.32 ; αἱ ἐ. (as we say) the authorities, NT.Luke.12.11, al., Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Philopoemen” 17.
__II.2.b ἡ ἐ. as an honorary title, “POxy.” 1103 (4th c.AD), etc.
__III abundance of means, resources, ἐξουσίας ἐπίδειξις Thucydides Historicus 6.31; πλοῦτος καὶ ἐ. prev. author 1.123, compare Demosthenes Orator 21.138; ἐνδεεστέρως ἢ πρὸς τὴν ἐ. Thucydides Historicus 4.39; τῶν ἀναγκαίων ἐ. Plato Philosophus “Leges” 828d ; excessive wealth, opposed to οὐσία, “Comica Adespota” 25a.5D.
__IV pomp, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Aemilius Paulus” 34.

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