G2563 κάλαμος
riet, riethalm
Taal: Grieks

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Riet,

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'kalamos, zn m; cf.  καλαμη G02562 kalamē "halm", dat hiermee verwant is.


1) riet, riethalm

2) een staf gemaakt van riet, een rieten staf

3) roede (als lengtemaat)

4) een riet om mee te schrijven, een pen


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κάλαμος, -ου, ὁ, [in LXX chiefly for קָנֶה H7070, Is 42:3, Ez 40:3 ff., al.;] a reed: Mt 11:7 12:20(LXX), Lk 7:24 (a) a reed-pipe, flute; (b) a reed-staff, staff (cf. IV Ki 18:21, ῥάβδος καλαμίνη): Mt 27:29, 30, 48, Mk 15:19, 36; (c) a measuring reed or rod (Ez 40:3 ff.): Re 11:1 21:15, 16; (d) a writing reed, a pen: III Jn 13 (cf. Milligan, NTD, 9, 7).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κάλᾰμος κᾰ, ὁ,
  reed, used for thatching or wattling, Herodotus Historicus 5.101, al., Thucydides Historicus 2.76; for wreaths, κ. λευκός Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1006 (anap.); for bedding, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Lycurgus” 16; for fuel, “PCair.Zen.” 85 (3rd c.BC) ; various species, κ. εὐώδης, ἀρωματικός, sweet flag, Acorus Calamus, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 4.8.4, 9.7.1, “Od.” 33, Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 1.18 ; κ. αὐλητικός pole-reed, Arundo Donax, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 4.11.1, 9 ; κ. εἰλετίας marram, Ammophila arundinacea, prev. work 13 ; κ. ἐπίγειος bush-grass, Calamagrostis epigeios, prev. passage ; κ. Ἰνδικός bamboo, Bambusa arundinacea, prev. passage, Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 5.92, “PLond.” 2.191.11 (2nd c.AD), “Geoponica” 2.6.23, compare Herodotus Historicus 3.98 ; κ. Ἰνδικὸς ὁ ἄρρην male bamboo, Dendrocalamus strictus, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 4.11.13 ; κ. κύπριος, ={δόναξ}, Asclepiades Epigrammaticus cited in Galenus Medicus 12.414 ; κ. πλόκιμος spear-grass, Phragmites communis, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 4.11.1 ; κ. Χαρακίας, Arundo Donax, prev. passage
__II applied to various uses,
__II.1 reed-pipe, flute, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 10(11).84, “N.” 5.38, Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 702 (Lyric poetry), “IT” 1126 (Lyric poetry).
__II.2 fishing-rod, Plato Comicus 11, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 21.43, Lucianus Sophista “DMort.” 27.9; κ. ἁλιευτικός Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 693a23.
__II.3 limed twig used by fowlers, Bion Bucolicus “fragment” 10.5, Aesopus Fabularum Scriptor 171, 296.
__II.4 shaft of an arrow, Ptolemaeus Epigrammaticus “Alm.” 7.5 ; made of κ. τοξικός, or Κρητικός, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 4.11.11.
__II.5 reed-pen, LXX.Psa.44(45).1, NT.3John.13, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Demosthenes” 29, Lucianus Sophista “Hist.Conscr.” 38; κάλαμοι γραφικοί “PGrenf.” 2.38.7 (1st c.BC)+NT+1st c.BC+; κ. γραφεῖς 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 10.61.
__II.6 measuring-rod, NT.Rev. 11.1, al.: hence, a definite measure, “IG” 9(1).61.50 (Daulis, 2nd c.AD); = 5 πήχεις, 2nd-1st c.BC(?): Hero Mechanicus “*Geometry texts” 4.11; = 6 2/3 πήχεις, prev. work23.13.
__II.7 in Medicine texts, tube for insufflation, Aretaeus Medicus “ὀξέων νούσων θεραπευτικόν” 1.9, Asclepiades Epigrammaticus cited in Galenus Medicus 12.985; for fumigation, Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus “Eup.” 1.56; for extraction, Celsus Medicus 7.5.2 ; also, splint, Palladas Epigrammaticus in Hp.Fract. 12.282 C.
__II.8 ornament of female dress, “Anthologia Graeca” 6.292 (Hedylus Epigrammaticus).
__II.9 stake to which vines were tied, “PFlor.” 369.4 (2nd c.AD), Julianus Imperator “Orationes” 3.125b, etc.
__III collectively,
__III.1 reed, i.e. reeds, Aristoteles Philosophus “Meteorologica” 359b1, “POxy.” 742.2 (1st c.BC) , etc.: in plural, reed-beds, Polybius Historicus 3.71.4.
__III.2 of plants, which are neither shrub nor bush (ὕλη), nor tree (δένδρον), Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.5.1.
__III.3 mat of reeds, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 372b ; roof of reeds (from Coan), 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus
__IV ={καλάμη}, stalk of wheat, Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 18.2.
__V ὁ κ. τοῦ σκέλους the shinbone, Scholia Lucianus Sophista “VH” 1.23.
__VI ticket for obtaining corn-rations, = tessera frumentaria, “Corpus Glossariorum Latinorum” (Cf. Latin culmus, OHG. halm, etc.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks καλάμη G2562 "halm, stroo, stoppel";

Literatuur


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