G2638 καταλαμβάνω
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Taal: Grieks

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katalambano̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κατα-λαμβάνω, [in LXX for נשׂג H5381 hi., לכד H3920, etc.;] 1. to lay hold of, seize, appropriate: Mk 9:18; c. acc. rei, I Co 9:24, Phl 3:12, 13. 2. to overtake: as carrel. of διώκω (Field, Notes, 158 f.), Ro 9:30; ἡ ἡμέρα, I Th 5:4; of evils, Jo 1:5 12:35 (cf. 6:17 T); hence, to surprise, discover: Jo 8:[3, 4], 3. Of mental action, to apprehend, comprehend; so mid., in NT (M, Pr., 158): Eph 3:18; seq. ὅτι, Ac 4:13 10:34; c. acc. et inf., Ac 25:25 (MM, Exp., xv).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

καταλαμβάνω,
  future -λήψομαι Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 311a (in Pass.sense, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 48.9) , Ionic dialect -λάμψομαι Herodotus Historicus 6.39, Aeol. -λᾱμψομαι uncertain in Alcaeus Lyricus “Supp.” 5.9 (see. λαμβάνω) : perfect -είληφα Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 250d, etc. (καθ- “SIG” 129.18 (Carpathos, 4th c.BC)), -λελάβηκα Pherecydes Syrius Philosophus cited in 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 1.122, Herodotus Historicus 3.42 (variant{-λελαβήκεε}) :—passive, Ionic dialect aorist -ελάμφθην prev. author 5.21 ; -ελάφθην “SIG” 279.7 (Zelea, 4th c.BC) : perfect in middle sense, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 17.85 :—seize, lay hold of, with accusative, τοῦ κατὰ νῶτα λαβών Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.433, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 624, etc.; κατέλαβε τὴν ἀκρόπολιν Thucydides Historicus 1.126, compare Herodotus Historicus 5.71, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 263 (Lyric poetry, tmesis), Isocrates Orator 4.153, etc. (metaph., τὴν τοῦ νέου τῆς ψυχῆς ἀκρόπολιν κ. Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 560b) ; πάντα φυλακαῖς κ. Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pericles” 33; κ. ἕδρας Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 21, 86 ; φάσκων Ποσειδῶ πρότερον Ἀθηνᾶς καταλαβεῖν αὐτήν (i.e. τὴν πόλιν) Isocrates Orator 12.193 ; later, simply, arrive at a place, “POxy.” 1829 (6th c.AD) , etc.:—middle, seize for oneself, τὰ πρήγματα Herodotus Historicus 6.39 ; τὰ ἄλλοι οὐ κατελάβοντο matters which others had not preoccupied, prev. work 55: frequently in Polybius Historicus, κ. λόφον 1.19.5, al.: —passive, of a person, ὑπὸ τοῦ θεοῦ καταληφθείς possessed, Plotinus Philosophus 5.8.11.
__2 of death, fatigue, disaster, etc., τὸν δὲ κατ᾽ ὄσσε ἔλλαβε.. θάνατος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.82; Ἄργον.. κατὰ μοῖρ᾽ ἔλαβεν.. θανάτοιο Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.326: with double acc., εὖτ᾽ ἄν μιν κάματος κατὰ γυῖα λάβῃσιν 1.192; Δίκη καταλήψεται ψευδῶν τέκτονας 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 28 ; befall, overtake, συμφορὰ κ. πόλεις Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1161: frequently in Herodotus Historicus, θεῖα πρήγματα καταλαμβάνει τοὺς αἰελούρους 2.66; πένθεα μεγάλα τοὺς Αἰγυπτίους κ. prev. passage, compare 3.42 ; ὅσα φεύγοντας ἐκ τῆς πατρίδος κακὰ ἐπίδοξα καταλαμβάνειν may be expected to befall them, 4.11; ἤν τι καταλαμβάνῃ νεώτερον τὸν πεζόν 8.21 : followed by infinitive, νοῦσός τινα κ. νοσῆσαι 3.149, compare 3.75 ; πρίν τι ἀνήκεστον ἡμᾶς κ. Thucydides Historicus 4.20; κίνδυνος κ. τινά Demosthenes Orator 18.99 ; rarely of good fortune, τοῦτον κατέλαβε εὐτυχίη τις Herodotus Historicus 3.139.
__3 seize with the mind, comprehend, Plato Philosophus “Axiochus” 370a, Chrysippus Stoicus 2.39, Polybius Historicus 8.2.6, NT.John.1.5 (perhaps overcome); κάλλος διὰ τῆς ὄψεως Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 250d; ἐκ τοῦ φάσματος ὅτι.. Dionysius Halicarnassensis 5.46, compare Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 1.5.6 :—so in middle, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 2.66, Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 7.288; ὅτι.. NT.Act.4.13; τί τὸ πλάτος NT.Eph.3.18 :— passive, Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ σημείων καὶ σημειώσεων” 22, “Mus.” p.62K., Numenius Apamensis Platonicus cited in Eusebius Caesariensis Scriptor Ecclesiasticus “Praeparatio Evangelica” 14.8.
__4 accept, παρὰ τοῦ βασιλέως.. δωροδοκήματα uncertain reading in Plato Comicus 119.1 (κᾆτ᾽ ἔλαβον Mein.).
__II catch, overtake, come up with, τοὺς φεύγοντας Herodotus Historicus 1.63, compare 2.30 , etc.:—passive, prev. author 7.211, Polybius Historicus 1.47.8.
__II.2 find on arrival, with participle, τινὰ ζῶντα Herodotus Historicus 3.10; τὰ πλεῖστα.. προειργασμένα Thucydides Historicus 8.65; πάντα ἔξω prev. author 2.18; ἀνεῳγμένην τὴν θύραν Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 174d; τοὺς ἄρχοντας ἐξιόντας Demosthenes Orator 21.85; τινὰ ἔνδον Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 311a; τῶν φορτίων πολλὴν ἀπρασίαν Demosthenes Orator 34.8; τι ὑπάρχον Aristoteles Philosophus “Topica” 131a29 ; detect, ἐπ᾽ αὐτοφώρῳ ἐμαυτόν Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 22b :—passive, κατελήφθη σοῦ λάθρᾳ πωλῶν τὰ σά Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 260, cf. NT.John.8.3, etc.; κατείληπτο σοφιζόμενος Demosthenes Orator 21.164 ; to be taken by surprise, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Publicola” 20.
__III impersonal, καταλαμβάνει τινά with infinitive, it happens to one, it is one's fortune to.., καταλαμβάνει μιν φεύγειν Herodotus Historicus 2.152, compare 3.118; καταλελάβηκέ με.. τοῦτο.. ἐκφῆναι prev. author 3.65, compare 4.105, 6.38.
__IV absolutely, πρὸς τὴν καταλαβοῦσαν συμφορήν that had befallen, prev. author 4.161 ; τὰ καταλαβόντα, ={τὰ συμβάντα}, what had happened, the circumstances, prev. author 9.49; ἢν πόλεμος καταλάβῃ Thucydides Historicus 2.54, compare 18; εἰ -λαμβάνοι ἀναχώρησις prev. author 4.31 ; τῆς νυκτὸς -λαμβανούσης as night was coming on, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 20.86; Χειμῶνος ἤδη -λαμβάνοντος Herodianus Grammaticus 7.2.9.
__V hold down, cover, τῇ Χειρὶ τὸν ὀφθαλμόν Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 165b; τὰς Χεῖρας Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Sertorius” 26 ; fasten down, κ. πῶμα γόμφοις prev. author 2.356c, compare Galenus Medicus 13.358 (so in middle, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 3.37) :—passive, to be compressed, opposed to διαλύεσθαι, Aristoteles Philosophus “Problemata” 870b11; τὰς φλέβας -λαμβανόμενοι prev. author “Somn.Vig.” 455b7.
__V.2 keep under, repress, check, κ. τινῶν αὐξανομένην τὴν δύναμιν Herodotus Historicus 1.46 ; κ. τὸ πῦρ get it under, prev. work 87; ἴσχε καὶ κ. σεωυτόν prev. author 3.36 ; κ. τὰς διαφοράς put an end to them, prev. author 7.9 .; κ. ἐρίζοντας stop their quarrelling, prev. author 3.128 : followed by infinitive, κ. τοὺς Αἰγυπτίους ταῦτα μὴ ποιέειν prev. author 2.162 ; ὁ τῶν Περσέων θάνατος καταλαμφθεὶς ἐσιγήθη inquiries about their death being checked.. , prev. author 5.21.
__V.2.b κ. τὸ πνεῦμα hold the breath, Galenus Medicus 6.176, al.
__V.3 bind, κ. πίστι καὶ ὁρκίοισι Herodotus Historicus 9.106; ὅρκοις Thucydides Historicus 4.86, etc. :—passive, εἴ τινι -λέλαμμαι ὅρκῳ “SIG” 360.41 (from Chersonesus) ; νόμοις, ἔθεσι κατειλημμένα enforced, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1324b22; ζημίαις Plato Philosophus “Leges” 823a ; τὰς σπονδὰς ηὗρε κατειλημμένας he found the treaty concluded, Thucydides Historicus 5.21 codices
__V.4 compel, constrain one to do, with infinitive, ἀναγκαίη μιν κ. φαίνειν forces him to bring out the truth, Herodotus Historicus 3.75: —passive, ἀναγκαίῃ καταλαμβανόμενος being constrained, prev. author 2.65, compare Thucydides Historicus 7.57.
__V.5 convict, condemn, Antipho Orator 2.4.11 ; opposed to ἀπολύειν, prev. author 4.4.9; ἐὰν καταληφθεὶς ἀποθάνω prev. author 2.2.9, compare “IG” 12(2).526A20 (Eresus, 4th c.BC) ; of the prosecutor, secure a conviction, Rev.Phil. 1928.192 (Erythrae, 5th c.BC) ; ὁ -λαβών “SIG” 578.58 (Teos, 2nd c.BC), etc.

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Grieks λαμβάνω G2983 "nemen";

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