G2839 κοινός
gemeenschappelijk
Taal: Grieks

Statistieken

Komt 13x voor in 7 Bijbelboeken.

Zie hier voor een verklaring van de gebruikte coderingen.

Woordstudie

koinos̱,
Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κοινός, -ή, -όν, [in LXX: Pr 1:14 (אֶחָד H259) 21:9 25:24 (חֶבֶר H2267), Wi 7:3, al.;] 1. common (general; = Lat. communis): Ac 2:44 4:32; κ. πίστις, Tit 1:4; σωτηρία, Ju 3. 2. common (ordinary; = vulgaris); hence in LXX (I Mac 1:47, al.) and NT, unhallowed, unclean (cl., βέβηλος, q.v.): Mk 7:2, 5, Ac 10:14, 28 11:8, Ro 14:14, He 10:29, Re 21:27.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κοινός, ή, όν,
  also ός, όν Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 207 (Lyric poetry) :— common (opposed to ἴδιος), not in Homerus Epicus (see. ξυνός) ; ἐκ κοινοῦ shared in common, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 723; ἔσται γὰρ βίος ἐκ κ. Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 610 ; of a common altar, Simonides Lyricus 140; τὸ τέμενος εἶναι κ. “SIG” 1044.29 (Halic., 4th-3rd c.BC) ; κ. ἔρχεται κῦμ᾽ Ἀΐδα Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 7.30 ; τρεῖς.. κ. ὄμμ᾽ ἐκτημέναι, of the Gorgons, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 795 ; κ. ὠφέλημα θνητοῖσιν φανείς, of Prometheus, prev. work 613; τὰς γυναῖκας εἶναι κοινάς Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 457d: proverbial, κοινὸν τύχη Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 389, compare Menander Comicus “Μονόστιχοι - Fragmenta Comicorum Graecorum” 356; κοινὰ τὰ τῶν φίλων Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 735 (troch.), Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 279c, Menander Comicus 9, etc. ; κ. Ἑρμῆς 'share the luck', prev. author “Epit.” 67, 100 ; κ. ἀρωγά common aid (i.e. for all), Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1145 (Lyric poetry) ; ἐν δὲ κοινὸς ἀρσένων ἴτω κλαγγά and let the shouts of males rise jointly, prev. author “Tr.” 207 (Lyric poetry); κ. πόλεμον πολεμεῖν Xenophon Historicus “Hiero” 2.8; τὸν ἀέρα τὸν κ. Menander Comicus 531.8; κ. τὸν ᾅδην ἔσχον οἱ πάντες βροτοί prev. author 538.8; κ. ἀγαθὸν τοῦτ᾽ ἐστί, χρηστὸς εὐτυχῶν prev. author 791: with dat., κ. τινί common to or with another, ὑμῖν φῶς.. καὶ τοῖσδ᾽ ἅπασι κ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 523; ὁ δαίμων κ. ἦν ἀμφοῖν ἅμα prev. author “Th.” 812; θάλατταν κ. ἐᾶν τοῖς ἡττημένοις Andocides Orator 3.19; οἰκία.. κοινοτάτη ἀεὶ τῷ δεομένῳ prev. author 1.147 ; πολιτεία τίς κοινοτάτ; Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1289b14, compare 1265b29; κοινόν τι χαρᾷ καὶ λύπῃ δάκρυα Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 7.1.32; τὸν ἥλιον τὸν κ. ἡμῖν Menander Comicus 611: with gen., πάντων αἰθὴρ κ. φάος εἱλίσσων Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 1092 (anap.), compare “Pers.” 132 (Lyric poetry), “Eu.” 109, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 1.32 ; κ. τῶν Λακεδαιμονίων τε καὶ Ἀθηναίων shared in by both.., Plato Philosophus “Menexenus” 241c, etc.: with Preps., τὸ ἐπὶ πᾶσι κ. , see below see; κ. κατ᾽ ἀμφοτέρων Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 144.19; οὐ γίγνεταί μοί τι κ. πρός τινα “Anthologia Graeca” 11.141 (Lucillius Epigrammaticus), compare Iamblichus Philosophus “de Mysteriis” 5.7 ; μέρος κ. πρός τινα shared with.., “CPR” 22.11 (2nd c.AD) , etc.; κ. μεταξύ τινων “Stud.Pal.” 1.7 ii 11 (5th c.AD).
__II in social and political relations, public, general, τὸ κ. ἀγαθόν the common weal, Thucydides Historicus 5.90; κ. λόγῳ prev. author 5.37, Herodotus Historicus 1.141 ; κ. στόλῳ prev. work 170; ἀδικήματα Demosthenes Orator 21.45; ὁ τῆς πόλεως κ. δήμιος Plato Philosophus “Leges” 872b ; κοινότατον of public or general interest, prev. work 724b, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1354b29 ; of constitutions, popular, free, κοινοτέραν εἶναι τὴν ἐκείνου μοναρχίαν τῆς αὑτῶν δημοκρατίας Isocrates Orator 10.36.
__II.2 τὸ κ. the state, τὸ κ. Σπαρτιητέων Herodotus Historicus 1.67: abs., of one's own state, Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 208, etc.; τὸ κ. ὠφελεῖται Antipho Orator 3.2.3, compare Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.2.20; τὰς ὠφελείας ἅπασιν εἰς τὸ κ. ἀπεδίδου Isocrates Orator 10.36.
__II.2.b especially of leagues or federations, τὸ κ. τῶν Ἰώνων Herodotus Historicus 5.109; τῶν συμμάχων Isocrates Orator 14.21; τῶν Βοιωτῶν “SIG” 457.10 (Thespiae, 3rd c.BC), Polybius Historicus 20.6.1 (pl.) , etc.; ἄνευ τοῦ πάντων κοινοῦ (i.e. τῶν Θεσσαλῶν) Thucydides Historicus 4.78 ; also, of private associations, Test.Epict. 1.22, “SIG” 1113 (from Loryma), al. ; of guilds or corporations, τὸ κ. τῶν τεκτόνων “POxy.” 53.2 (4th c.AD) ; of boards of magistrates, τὸ κ. τῶν ἀρχόντων prev. work 54.12 (3rd c.AD).
__II.2.c the government, public authorities, Thucydides Historicus 1.90, 2.12, etc.; τὰ κ. Herodotus Historicus 3.156; ἀπαγγεῖλαι ἐπὶ τὰ κ. Thucydides Historicus 5.37 ; ἀπὸ τοῦ κ. by public authority, Herodotus Historicus 5.85, 8.135 ; σὺν τῷ κ. by common consent, prev. author 9.87.
__II.2.d the public treasury, χρημάτων μεγάλων ἐν τῷ κ. γενομένων prev. author 7.144; ἐν τῷ κ. καὶ ἐν τοῖς ίεροῖς Thucydides Historicus 6.6, compare 17; χρήματα δοῦναι ἐκ τοῦ κ. Herodotus Historicus 9.87 ; ἔχειν ἐν κοινῷ (without the Article), Thucydides Historicus 1.80, cf. Scholia (at prev. work)
__II.2.e common right or rights of citizens, τὸ κ. τὸ τῶν πολιτῶν Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1283b41.
__II.3 τὰ κ. public affairs: πρὸς τὰ κ. προσελθεῖν, προσιέναι, to enter public life, Demosthenes Orator 18.257, Aeschines Orator 1.165 ; but also, the public money, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 569, Demosthenes Orator 8.23 (in full, τὰ κ. χρήματα Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.5.34, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1271b11) ; τὰ κ. τῆς πόλεως, opposed to τὰ ἁγνά, “BMus.Inscription” 4.481 *.383; ἀπὸ κοινοῦ at the public expense, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.7.27, 5.1.12; ἐκ κοινοῦ φαγεῖν Euphro Comicus 8.4, compare Antiphanes Comicus 230 ; ἐκ κ. from common funds, at joint expense, PGrenf. 1.21.19 (2nd c.BC).
__III common, ordinary, τὰ κ. εἰδέναι Plato Philosophus “Axiochus” 366b; διὰ τῶν κ. ποιεῖσθαι τὰς πίστεις Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1355a27 ; κοινοτάτη τῶν αἰσθήσεων ἡ ἁφή prev. author “EN” 1118b1 ; τὰ κ. commonplaces, Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 27, “Epit.” 309; so κ. τόπος Hermogenes Rhetor “προγυμνάσματα” 6, Aphthonius Rhetor “Προγυμνάσματα - Rhet.” 7 ; ἡ κ. ἔννοια or ἐπίνοια, Polybius Historicus 2.62.2, 6.5.2 ; κ. νοῦς, φρένες, common sense, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 1.37 Sophocles Tragicus, 202 Sophocles Tragicus ; κ. καὶ διήκουσαι κακίαι general and all-pervading vices, prev. author “Sign.” 28; κ. καὶ δημώδη ὀνόματα Longinus Rhetor 40.2; κ. καὶ ἐν μέσῳ κείμενα ὀνόματα Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Lysia” 3 ; ἡ κ. διάλεκτος every-day language (free from archaisms and far-fetched expressions), prev. author “Isoc.” 2; πεφευγὼς τὸ κ. Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Acad. Ind.” p.53 M.
__III.2 Grammars, ordinary, 'regular' Greek, opposed to special dialects, διάλεκτοί εἰσι πέντε, Ἀτθὶς Δωρὶς Αἰολὶς Ἰὰς καὶ κ. Scholia Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus p.14 H., compare Diodorus Siculus Historicus 1.16, 4th c.AD(?): Theodosius Alexandrinus Grammaticus “Canones - Grammatici Graeci, pars” p.37 H., etc.; ἡ κ. alone, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Conjunctionibus;” 223.24 ; τὸ κ. ἔθος, ἡ κ. ἐκφορά, prev. author “Adv.” 155.10, “Pron.” 4.27 ; οἱ κ. the writers who use this language, Scholia Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus p.469 H., “Etymologicum Magnum” 405.23.
__III.2.b colloquial, vulgar Greek, Moer. pp.201 (Comp., probably to be read instead of καιν-), 243 P., al.
__III.2.c ἡ κ. διάλεκτος demotic Egyptian, Manethoap. Josephus Historicus “contra Apionem” 1.14.
__III.3 common, of inferior quality, χρυσός “POxy.” 905.5 (2nd c.AD), 1273.6 (3rd c.AD).
__III.4 in magical formulae, of words added at will by the user, 'and so forth', frequently in Papyrus, “PMag.Osl.” 1.255, “PMag.Par.” 1.273, al.; κοινὰ ὅσα θέλεις prev. work2.53; ὁ κ. λόγος “PMag.Lond.” 46.435 ; compare κοινολογία.
__IV of Persons, connected by common origin or kindred, especiallyof brothers and sisters, κ. σπέρμα Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 7.92, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 261, “OC” 535 (Lyric poetry); κ. αἷμα prev. author “Ant.” 202, compare 1 ; κ. πατήρ, μήτηρ, “PAmh.” 2.152.9 (5th-6th c.AD), “PFlor.” 47.11 (3rd c.AD) ; also κ. Χάριτες Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 2.50.
__IV.2 one who shares in a thing, partner, ἐν θύμασιν κ. ποεῖσθαί τινα Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 240; κ. ἐν κοινοῖσι λυπεῖσθαι prev. author “Aj.” 267, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 917 ; also κ. τῷ θεῷ belonging in part to the god (who claims tithe of his substance), “Berl.Sitzb.” 1927.161 (from Cyrene).
__IV.3 lending a ready ear to all, impartial, μὴ οὐ κ. ἀποβῆτε Thucydides Historicus 3.53 ; neutral, prev. work 68; κοινοὺς τῷ τε διώκοντι καὶ τῷ φεύγοντι Lysias Orator 15.1; μέτριος καὶ κ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 6.3 ; κοινοί, οἱ, arbitrators, “GDI” 1832.10 (Delph.); κ. μεσίτης “PStrassb.” 41.14 (3rd c.AD) ; of a capital city, δεῖ.. κοινὴν εἶναι τῶν τόπων ἁπάντων easily accessible on all sides, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1327a6.
__IV.3.b courteous, affable, Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 13.9; κ. ἅπασι γενέσθαι Isocrates Orator 5.80; τῇ πρὸς πάντας φιλανθρωπίᾳ κ. Demochares Historicus 2 Josephus Historicus; ἔχειν τὰς κ. φρένας Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 1.202 Sophocles Tragicus
__IV.3.c in bad sense, κοινή, ἡ, prostitute, Vettius Valens Astrologus 119.30, Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus “Hist.Phil.” 12 (pl.).
__IV.3.d of events, κοινότεραι τύχαι more impartial, i.e. more equal, chances, Thucydides Historicus 5.102 ; ἔστιν ἐν τῷ κ. πᾶσι with infinitive, Andocides Orator 2.6.
__V in Logic, general, universal, τὸ κ. λαμβάνειν περί τινων, τὸ ἐπὶ πᾶσι κ., Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 185b, 185c; τὰ κ. λεγόμενα ἀξιώματα Aristoteles Philosophus “Analytica Posteriora” 76b14; αἱ κ. ἀρχαί prev. work 88a36 ; κ. ἔννοιαι axioms, heading in Euclides Geometra ; general, κ. ὅρος Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 987b6 ; κοινὰ καὶ στοιχειώδη general principles, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 1.69 S .; κ. σημεῖον, opposed to ἴδιον, prev. author “Sign.” 14 ; κ. κρίσις objectively valid judgement, prev. author “Po.” 5.22; ὄνομα κ. 1st cStrabo Geographus 10.2.10 ; abstract, ὁ κ. ἄνθρωπος καὶ λογισμῷ ληπτός Damascius Philosophus “de Principiis” 341.
__VI Grammars,
__VI.1 κ. συλλαβή common syllable, capable of being long or short, Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus 633.17, Hephaestio Grammaticus 1.4.
__VI.1.b κ. ποιήματα, poems which are both κατὰ στίχον and συστηματικά, e.g. the Sapphic stanza, prev. author pp.58,59 C.; also, poems of ambiguous metrical form, prev. author p.60 C.
__VI.2 see.above 111.2.
__VI.3 of gender, κ. γένος Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus 634.19 ; of nouns, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Pronominibus;” 30.7, al., “Etymologicum Magnum” 143.33, 305.19, etc.
__VI.4 ἀπὸ κοινοῦ λαμβάνειν, of two clauses taking a word in common, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 122.14, al.; κοινὸν or ἐκ κοινοῦ παραλαμβάνεσθαι, prev. work 20, 28, al.
__VII of forbidden meats, common, profane, φαγεῖν κ. καὶ ἀκάθαρτον NT.Act.10.14, cf. NT.Rom.14.14; κ. χερσὶ ἐσθίειν NT.Mark.7.2.
__VIII κοινόν, τό, name of an eye-salve, “CIL” 13.10021.3, al.
__B adverb κοινῶς in common, jointly, Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 1462; τὰ κοινὰ κ. δεῖ φέρειν συμπτώματα Menander Comicus 817: Comp., ἐν Κρήτῃ -οτέρως ἔχει τὰ τῶν συσσιτίων Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1272a16.
__B.2 publicly, κ. μᾶλλον ὠφέλησαν ἢ ἐκ τῶν ἰδίων ἔβλαψαν Thucydides Historicus 2.42, etc.
__B.3 sociably, like other citizens, οὐδὲ κ. οὐδὲ πολιτικῶς ἐβίωσαν Isocrates Orator 4.151; ἴσως καὶ κ. πρός τινα προσφέρεσθαι Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica ad Alexandrum” 1430a1; κ. καὶ φιλικῶς Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Antonius” 33 ; μετρίως καὶ κ. ὰσπάζεσθαι prev. author “Arat.” 43.
__B.4 in general, Diphilus Siphnius Rerum Naturalium Scriptor cited in Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 3.81a ; ἡ κ. σύνεσις, τὸ κ. ἄνθρωπον”, Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ κακιῶν ί” p.34J., “Mort.” 38 ; opposed to ἰδίως, Demetrius Lacon Philosophus “Herc.” 1014.41, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Marcellus” 8, compare Longinus Rhetor 15.1; κοινότερον εἰπεῖν Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 1.256 Sophocles Tragicus ; -οτέρως Oribasius Medicus “fragment” 93.
__B.5 in the common dialect, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Pronominibus;” 82.27, al. : comparative -ότερον prev. author “Synt.” 159.5.
__B.6 in plain language, opposed to σοφιστικῶς, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.659f ; in the ordinary or wide sense, opposed to κυρίως, Themistius Sophista “Aristotelis Analyticorum Posteriorum paraphrasis - pars” 5.5 : comparative, Marcus Antoninus Imperator 2.10.
__B.II feminine dative κοινῇ; Doric dialect κοινᾷ “SIG” 56.11 (Argos, 5th c.BC) ; Boeotian dialect κυνῆ prev. work635.31 (Acraeph., 2nd c.BC) :—in common, by common consent, Herodotus Historicus 1.148, 3.79, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 606, “OC” 1339, Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 731, Thucydides Historicus 1.3, etc.; κ. πᾶσι καὶ χωρίς Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1278b23, compare “Ath.” 40.3 ; κ. μετά τινος, κ. σύν τινι, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 209c, “SIG” 346.27 (4th c.BC), Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.6.14, etc.; ἰδίᾳ τε καὶ κ. Alexander Rhetor 291: also neut. pl. κοινά Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 546.
__B.II.2 publicly, καὶ κ. καὶ ἰδίᾳ Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.2.10, “Mem.” 2.1.12, etc.
__B.II.3 as preposition with dative, together with, Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 1228, “Hel.” 829, “fragment” 823.
__B.III with Preps., εἰς κοινόν in common, in public, ὑμῖν τῇδέ τ᾽ ἐς κ. φράσω Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 844; πᾶσιν ἐς κ. λέγω prev. author “Eu.” 408, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 457 (Lyric poetry), Plato Philosophus “Leges” 796e; εἰς κ. γνώμην ἀποφαίνεσθαι Demosthenes Orator 19.156 ; εἰς τὸ κ. λέγειν, ἀγορεύειν, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 165a, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.6.27 ; εἰς τὸ κ. for public use, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 681c.
__B.III.2 ἀπὸ κοινοῦ, ἐκ κοινοῦ, see. Aeschylus Tragicus 1.1, 11.3, VI.4.
__B.III.3 ἀφεῖσαν ἐν κοινῷ ζητεῖν, Latin rem in medio reliquerunt, Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 987b14 ; but οἱ ἐν κ. γιγνόμενοι λόγοι, ={οἱ ἐξωτερικοὶ λόγοι}, prev. author “de An.” 407b29.
__B.III.4 κατὰ κοινόν, opposed to κατ᾽ ἰδίαν, jointly, in common, Legal cited in Demosthenes Orator 21.94, Polybius Historicus 4.3.5; probably to be read instead of κατὰ κοινοῦ prev. author 11.30.3.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks κοινόω G2840 "profaan, onrein maken, ontwijden"; Grieks κοινωνός G2844 "deelgenoot, deelnemer, makker, metgezel"; Grieks σύν G4862 "met";

Literatuur


Commentaar

Zie de huisregels welk commentaar wordt opgenomen!


Mede mogelijk dankzij

StudieboekenStudieboeken