G2974 κωφός
stomp, bot, doof
Taal: Grieks

Onderwerpen

Doof, Stom (niet spreken),

Statistieken

Komt 14x voor in 3 Bijbelboeken.

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Woordstudie

ko̱fos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κωφός, -ή, -όν (< κόπτω), [in LXX chiefly (Ex 4:11, al.) for אִלֵּם H483; for חֵרֵשׁ H2796, Hb 2:18;] blunt, dull (a) of speech, dumb: Mt 9:32, 33 12:22 15:30, 31, Lk 1:22 11:14; (b) of hearing, deaf: Mt 11:5, Mk 7:32, 37 9:25, Lk 7:22.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κωφ-ός, ή, όν,
  blunt, dull, obtuse, opposed to ὀξύς, κ. βέλος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.390, compare Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 495.27; κ. καλάμη “Anthologia Graeca” 12.25 (1st cStatyllius Flaccus Epigrammaticus).
__II metaphorically,
__II.1 of sound, mute, noiseless, κύματι κωφῷ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.16 ; κωφὴν γὰρ δὴ γαῖαν ἀεικίζει is maltreating dumb, senseless earth, 24.54 ; τὰ μὲν ἄλλα ἔσκε κωφά the other parts sounded dull, opposed to to the ringing of the hollow parts when struck, Herodotus Historicus 4.200 : neuter plural as adverb, κωφὰ δὲ πόντος κεῖτο Orphica “Argonautica” 1103 ; ὁ κ. λιμήν, probably the bay of Munychia, as opposed to to the noisy Piraeus, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 2.4.31 ; κωφότερος ὁ ψόφος ἔσται, i.e. muffled, Aeneas Tacticus 19 ; τῶν μεταλλικῶν κωφότατος ὁ σίδηρος rings least, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.721f; κωφοὶ ἄνεμοι Diodorus Siculus Historicus 3.51.
__II.2 after Homerus Epicus , of men or animals, dumb, Parmenides Poeta Philosophus 6.7, etc. ; καὶ κωφοῦ συνίημι καὶ οὐ φωνεῦντος ἀκούω Oracle texts cited in Herodotus Historicus 1.47 ; οὐ.. παρὰ κωφὸν ὁ τυφλὸς ἔοικε λαλῆσαι, i.e. is not so dumb but that he will answer the blind fool who assails him, Cratinus Comicus 6; κωφότερος κίχλης Eubulus Comicus 29 ; κ. χάρις a mute gift (i.e. an epitaph), “epigram Gr.” 298 (from Teos) ; so κωφοῖς δάκρυσι “IPE” 2.299 (from Panticapaeum) ; κ. τάφοι probably in “IG” 12(8).441.26 ; κ. προσωπεῖον mute figure on the stage, Philo Judaeus 2.520, compare Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.791e; κ. πρόσωπον Cicero, M. Tullius Orator et Philosophus “Epistulae ad Atticum” 13.19.3 ; κ. καὶ ἄλογος, of a house, with no echoes, Lucianus Sophista “Dom.” 1.
__II.2.b deaf, hymnus ad Mercurium 92, 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 34. Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 202, “Ch.” 881; λήθην κωφήν, ἄναυδον Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 670 ; ὅσοι γίνονται κ. ἐκ γενετῆς, πάντες καὶ ἐνεοὶ γίνονται Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 536b3 (hence of a deaf and dumb person, Herodotus Historicus 1.34, “BGU” 1196.49 (1st c.BC),compare 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus); with gen., κωφὴ ἀκοῆς αἴσθησις Antiphanes Comicus 196.5, conjecture in Plato Philosophus “Leges” 932a ; κ. Ἑλλάδος φωνᾶς deaf of one's Greek ear, i.e. ignorant of Greek, “Dialexeis 5th c.BC” 6.12; σπαράγματα κωφὰ τοῦ βεβαιοῦντος Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.1108d.
__II.2.c metaphorically, νοῦς ὁρῇ καὶ νοῦς ἀκούει· τἆλλα κωφὰ καὶ τυφλά Epicharmus Comicus 249; κ. πέτρος Moschio Tragicus Trag. 7; μαψαῦραι Callimachus Epicus “Fragmenta” 67; ἐρημία Diodorus Siculus Historicus 3.40 : neuter plural as adverb, κωφὰ χλιαίνεσθαι feebly, Anthologia Graeca 12.125 (Meleager Epigrammaticus).
__II.3 ὄμμα κ. vacant, lack-lustre eye, Aristoteles Philosophus “Physiognomonica” 807b23.
__II.4 of the senses in general, dull, Theophrastus Philosophus “de Sensu” 19 (Comp.).
__II.5 of the mind, dull, obtuse, ἐγὼ ὁ πάντα κ. Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 911, compare Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 9.87; τὸ τῆς ψυχῆς ποιεῖν κ. Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 88b: κωφοί, οἱ, 'the Dullards', title of satyr-play by Sophocles.
__II.5.b of things, senseless, unmeaning, obscure, κ. καὶ παλαί᾽ ἔπη Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 290; κ. διήγησις Polybius Historicus 3.36.4, compare 5.21.4; ὑπόνοια Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Mus.” p.71 K.; σκῶμμα Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.712a ; but κ. εὐπραγίαι is probably falsa lectio for{κοῦφαι}, Dio Cassius Historicus 38.27. adverb -φῶς obscurely, Vettius Valens Astrologus 251.25 : comparative -ότερον, ἐνοχλεῖν less acutely, Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ κακιῶν ί” p.21 Josephus Historicus

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks κόπτω G2875 "snijden, slaan"; Grieks σιωπάω G4623 "zwijgen";

Literatuur


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