G3022 λευκός
licht, helder, schitterend, wit
Taal: Grieks

Onderwerpen

Licht, Wit,

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Komt 25x voor in 6 Bijbelboeken.

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Woordstudie

leu'kos, bn van luke ("licht"); TDNT - 4:241,530;


1) licht, helder, schitterend 1a) schitterend van witheid, (verblindend) wit 1a1) van de kleding van engelen, en van hen die verheven zijn tot de heerlijkheid van de hemel 1a2) heldere of witte kleding gedragen bij feestelijke of openbare gelegenheden 1a3) voor witte kleding als teken van onschuld en reinheid van de ziel 1b) intens wit 1b1) van de lichte kleur van rijpend graan


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

λευκός, ή, -όν, [in LXX chiefly for לָבָן H3836;] 1. bright, brilliant: of clothing, Mt 17:2, Mk 9:3 16:5, Lk 9:29, Ac 1:10, Re 3:5 4:4 6:11 7:9, 13 19:14 (cf. Ec 9:8); ὡς χιών, Mt 28:3; ἐν λ. (sc. ἱματίοις), Jo 20:12, Re 3:4; θρόνος, Re 20:11. 2. white: Mt 5:36, Re 1:14 2:17 4:4 6:2 14:14 19:11; fig., of garments, Re 3:18; of ripened grain, Jo 4:35.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

λευκός, ή, όν,
  light, bright, clear (opposed to μέλας in all senses), αἴγλη Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.45 ; λευκὸν (variant{λαμπρόν}).. ἠέλιος ὥς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.185; λ. φάος Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 708 (Lyric poetry),compare below 11.3; αἰθήρ Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 1228 (anap.) ; of metallic surfaces, λέβης Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.268 ; λ. γαλήνη a glassy calm, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.94 ; of water, clear, limpid, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.282, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.70, Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 23 (anap.); λ. νᾶμα Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 573; - ότατος ποταμῶν Callimachus Epicus “Hymnus in Jovem” 19.
__2 metaphorically, clear, distinct, of the voice, Aristoteles Philosophus “Topica” 106a25, Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 6.41 : in literary sense, clear, λ. στίχος “Anthologia Graeca” 11.347 (Philippus Epigrammaticus): proverbial, λευκὸς Ἑρμῆς , when a rogue was detected, 1Macarius Paroemiographus 5.53. adverb -κῶς, πάντα φαίνειν, of Hermes, Cornutus Philosophus “de Natura Deorum” 16 : comparative -ότερον, διαλεχθῆναι Heliodorus Scriptor Eroticus 7.20.
__II of colour, white, frequently in Homerus Epicus , varying from the pure white of snow ( ἵπποι -ότεροι χιόνος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.437) to the grey of dust (λευκοὶ ἐγένοντο κονισάλῳ 5.503); γάλα λ. 4.434; κρῖ 5.196; ἄλφιτα 18.560; ἡνία λεύκ᾽ ἐλέφαντι 5.583; ὀδόντες 10.263; ὀστέα 16.347; ἱστία 1.480; φᾶρος 18.353, etc. ; λ. ἅρμα, ={λεύκιππον}, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 172 ; of the white horses used by tyrants, λ. ζεῦγος Demosthenes Orator 21.158 , compare λεύκιππο; λ. λίθος marble, “OGI” 219.36 (Sigeum, 3rd c.BC) , etc., compare λευκόλιθο; λευκῷ νλίθῳ λ. στάθμη a white line on a white stone, proverbial of explanations which do not explain, Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 330 ; ἡ λ. ῥίζα white root (= ἡ τοῦ δρακοντίου, accusative to Galenus Medicus 19.118), Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ νούσων” 2.48, “Nat.Mul.” 32 ; frequently of white or grey hair, λ. κάρη Tyrtaeus Elegiacus 10.23; θρίξ Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1092; λ. γῆρας prev. author “Aj.” 625 (Lyric poetry); λευκὰ γήρᾳ σώματα Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 909, etc.
__II.b of the human skin, white, fair, sometimes as a sign of youth and beauty, χρώς, πήχεε, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.573, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 23.240 ; λ. παρειά, παρηΐς, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1239, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 923; σάρξ, δέρη, prev. work 1189 (variant), “IA” 875 (troch.) ; frequently with the notion of bare, κῶλον, πούς, prev. author “Ba.” 665, 863 (Lyric poetry), “Ion” 221 (Lyric poetry) ; compare λευκόπους.
__II.c of persons, white-skinned, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 474e : hence, weakly, womanish, Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 191, “Ec.” 428, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 3.4.19; λευκῶν ἀνδρῶν οὐδὲν ὄφελος 1Macarius Paroemiographus 5.55 ; compare λευκόπρωκτος, λευκόχρως.
__II.d λευκαὶ φρένες in Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.109 is explained by 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus μαινόμεναι , frantic, passionate (compare λευκῶν πραπίδων· κακῶν φρενῶν, prev. author).
__II.2 λ. χρυσός, pale gold, i.e. gold alloyed with silver (probably the same as ἤλεκτρον), opposed to ἄπεφθος χρυσός, Herodotus Historicus 1.50.
__II.3 metaphorically, bright, fortunate, happy, λευκὸν ἦμαρ νυκτὸς ἐκ μελαγχίμου Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 301, compare “Ag.” 668 ; a joyful day or holiday, Callimachus Epicus “Aetia” 1.1.2 ; λ. ἡμέρα a happy day, Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 6, cf. Scholia Callias Epigrammaticus “Iamb.” in “PSI” 9.1094.39; variously explained in Phylarchus Historicus 83 Josephus Historicus, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pericles” 27 ; ἡ λ. ψῆφος the vote of acquittal, Lucianus Sophista “Harm.” 3, compare 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus
__III λεύκη, ἡ, leuko/n, τό, as substantive, (see entry). (Cogn. with Latin lux, etc.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks λευκαίνω G3021 "wit maken"; Grieks λύκος G3074 "wolf"; Grieks λύχνος G3088 "lamp, kandelaar";

Literatuur


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