G3184 μεθύω
dronken zijn
Taal: Grieks

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Dronkenschap,

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Komt 7x voor in 6 Bijbelboeken.

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Woordstudie

methyo̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

μεθύω (< μέθυ, wine, cf. μέθη), [in LXX chiefly for שׁכר H7937, רוה H7301;] to be drunken: Mt 24:49, Jo 2:10, Ac 2:15, I Co 11:21, I Th 5:7; metaph., Re 17:2, 6.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

μεθύω ῠ,
  (μέθυ), only present and imperfect: future and aorist active belong to μεθύσκω (μεθύσας is falsa lectio in 4th-5th c.AD(?): Nonnus Epicus “Dionysiaca” 28.211 ; μεθύσαντας is falsa lectio for -τες in Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.239a), aorist being supplied by passive of μεθύσκω:— to be drunken with wine, νευστάζων κεφαλῇ, μεθύοντι ἐοικώς Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.240 ; μεθύων, opposed to νήφων, Theognis Elegiacus 478, 627, compare Alcaeus Lyricus “Supp.” 4.12, Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 128, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 1048, “PHal.” 1.193 (3rd c.BC), etc. ; μ. ὑπὸ τοῦ οἴνου Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 2.26 ; τὸ μεθύειν drunkenness, Antiphanes Comicus 187.2, Alexander Rhetor 43; τὸ μ. πημονῆς λυτήριον Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 758.
__II metaphorically,
__II.1 of things, to be drenched, steeped in any liquid, with dative, e.g. βοείην.. μεθύουσαν ἀλοιφῇ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.390; μεθύων ἐλαίῳ λύχνος Babrius Fabularum Scriptor 114.1; χείμαρρος ὄμβροισι μ. “Anthologia Graeca” 9.277 (Antiphilus Epigrammaticus).
__II.2 of persons, to be intoxicated with passion, pride, etc., ὑπὸ τῆς Ἀφροδίτης Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 8.21; ὑπὸ τρυφῆς Plato Philosophus “Critias” 121a; ἔρωτι Anacreon Lyricus 19; τῷ μεγέθει τῶν πεπραγμένων Demosthenes Orator 4.49; περὶ τὰς ἡδονάς Philostratus Sophista “Vitae Sophistarum” 1.22.1; οὐ μ. τὴν φρόνησιν Alexander Rhetor 301; μ. τὸ φίλημα “Anthologia Graeca” 5.304.
__II.2.b to be stupefied, stunned, πληγαῖς μεθύων Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 22.98; ἐξ ὀδυνάων Oppianus Anazarbensis Epicus “Halieutica - Poetae Bucolici et Didactici” 5.228, cf. Nonn. same place

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀμέθυστος G271 "amethist, edelsteen"; Grieks μέθη G3178 "dronkenschap, roes"; Grieks μεθύσκω G3182 "dronken maken, dronken worden"; Grieks μέθυσος G3183 "dronken";

Literatuur


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