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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

μέσος, -η, -ον, [in LXX chiefly for תָּוֶךְ H8432;] middle, in the middle or midst 1. prop., as an adj.: Lk 23:45, Jo 19:18, Ac 1:18; c. gen. pl., Lk 22:55, Jo 1:26; gen. temp. (Bl., § 36, 13), μέσης νυκτός, Mt 25:6; μ. ἡμέρας, Ac 26:13. 2. In adverbial phrases, neut., μέσον, τὸ μ., as subst.: ἀνὰ μέσον, c. gen., between (cl.; in LXX: Ge 1:4, al.), elliptically (but v. M, Pr., 99), I Co 6:5; = ἐν μ., among, in the midst of (Bl., § 39, 2; 40, 8; cf. in LXX: Jos 19:1, Si 27:2), Mt 13:25, Mk 7:31, Re 7:17; διὰ μέσου, c. gen., Lk 4:30; διὰ μέσον (Rec. -ου, v. Bl., § 42, 1), between, Lk 17:11 (ICC, in l.); εἰς τὸ μ. (v.s. εἰς), Mk 3:3, Lk 4:35 5:19 6:8, Jo 20:19, 26; εἰς μ., Mk 14:60; ἐν τῷ μ., Mt 14:6; ἐν μ., Jos 8:[3, 9], Ac 4:7; c, gen. loc., Mk 6:47, Lk 21:21 22:55, Ac 17:22, He 2:12(LXX), Re 4:6 5:6 22:2. c. gen. pl., Mt 10:16 18:2, 20, Mk 9:36, Lk 2:46 8:7 10:3 22:27 24:36, Ac 1:15 2:22 27:21, I Th 2:7, Re 1:13 2:1 5:6 6:6; κατὰ μέσον τ. νυκτός, Ac 27:27 (Bl., § 47, 6); ἐκ τοῦ μ. (Lft., in l.; Deiss., BS, 252 f.), Col 2:14; ἐκ μ., II Th 2:7; ἐκ τοῦ μ., c. gen., Mt 13:49, Ac 17:33 23:10, I Co 5:2, II Co 6:17. 3. Neut., μέσον, adverbially, c. gen., in the midst of, Mt 14:24 (WH, txt., R, mg., aliter), Phl 2:15 (διὰ μέσου—v. supr.—also Jo 8:50, R, mg.).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

μέσος, η, ον,
  also 4th c.AD(?): Arcadius Grammaticus (see. ἰμέσος, μεσακόθεν) ; Epic dialect μέσσος (also Aeolic dialect, Sappho Lyrica 1.12, “IG” 11(4).1064b32, and Lyric poetry, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.224, and sometimes in Trag., Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 403 (Lyric poetry), Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1247 (Lyric poetry), “Tr.” 635 (Lyric poetry), “Ant.” 1223, 1236, “fragment” 255.5) , Boeotian dialect, Cretan dialect μέττος, “IG” 7.2420.20 (3rd c.BC), “GDI” 5000 ii b 2 (5th c.BC) :—middle, in the middle,
__I of Space, especially with Nouns, of the middle point or part, μ. σάκος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.258; ἱστίον 1.481 ; οὐρανός zenith, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.400 ; μ. ἀπήνης from mid chariot, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 812 ; ἐν αἰθέρι μ. in mid-air, prev. author “Ant.” 416 ; μ. μετώπῳ in the middle of the forehead, “PRyl.” 128.30 (1st c.AD) : in Prose frequently preceding the Article, κατὰ μέσον τὸν σταθμόν Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.7.14; ἐν μ. τῇ χώρᾳ prev. work 2.1.11 ; ἐκ μ. τῆς νήσου, κατὰ μ. τὴν νῆσον, Plato Philosophus “Critias” 113d, 119d ; ἐπὶ μέσου τοῦ τμάματος at the middle point of the segment, Archimedes Geometra “περὶ ἰσορροπιῶν” 1.6; ἁ ἐπὶ μέσαν τὰν βάσιν ἀγομένα (i.e. εὐθεῖα) prev. work 12 : sometimes following the Noun, ἐν τῇ ἀγορᾷ μέσῃ Demosthenes Orator 29.12 : less frequently midmost, central, of three or more objects, μ. ὁδός Theognis Elegiacus 220, 331 ; ὁ μ. δάκτυλος Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 523c ; τὸ μ. στῖφος the central division of the army, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.8.13 ; μέσον, τό, centre, ἡ ἐπὶ τὸ μ. φορά Iamblichus Philosophus “Protrepticus” 21.
__I.b with a Verb, ἔχεται μ. by the middle, by the waist, proverbial from the wrestling-ring, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 387 (Lyric poetry), compare “Ach.” 571 (Lyric poetry), “Nu.” 1047, “Ra.” 469; μέσην λαβόντα prev. author “Ach.” 274, compare Herodotus Historicus 9.107, Demosthenes Orator 53.17; ὁ πέπλος ἐρράγη μ. Philippides Comicus 25.5.
__I.c with genitive, midway between, ἑνὸς καὶ πλήθους τὸ ὀλίγον μ. Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 303a (also μ. ἐπ᾽ ἀμφότερα, prev. passage):— Sophocles Tragicus has μέσος ἀπὸ τοῦ κρατῆρος τοῦ τε πέτρου “OC” 1595.
__I.2 of Time, Homerus Epicus only in phrase μέσον ἦμαρ midday, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.111, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.288, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 9.113; μέσαι νύκτες Sappho Lyrica 52, Herodotus Historicus 4.181, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.8.12, etc.; θέρευς ἔτι μέσσου ἐόντος Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 502; χειμῶνος μέσου Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 569.1; μ. ἡμέρα Herodianus Grammaticus 8.5.9 ; μ. ἡλικία middle age, Plato Philosophus “Epistulae” 316c: so μέσοι τὴν ἡλικίαν Euripides Tragicus “Epistulae - Epistolographi” 5 ; μέσος ἀκμῆς variant in Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 25.164.
__I.3 metaphorically, impartial, Thucydides Historicus 4.83, “PLond.” 1.113(1).27 (6th c.AD).
__I.3.b inter-mediate, frequently with genitive, μ. τις γέγονα χρηματιστὴς τοῦ τε πάππου καὶ τοῦ πατρός Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 330b; ψιλὸν μὲν τὸ π ¯, δασὺ δὲ τὸ φ ¯, μέσον δὲ ἀμφοῖν τὸ β ¯ Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Compositione Verborum” 14 (see. below d); ἡ τρίτη καὶ μ. τῶν εἰρημένων δυεῖν ἁρμονιῶν prev. work 24; ὁ μ. χαρακτήρ prev. work 21 ; indeterminate, Lucianus Sophista “Par.” 28 ; τὰ μ. things indifferent (neither good nor bad), “Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta” 3.135, al. ; of words such as τύχη, “Etymologicum Magnum” 626.38 ; ζῴδια (neither lucky nor unlucky) Vettius Valens Astrologus 93.9; μ. δίαιτα Diocl.fragment 141, compare Soranus Medicus 1.46.
__I.3.c Grammars, of Verbs, middle, 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 1846.30, etc. ; μ. διάθεσις, σχήματα, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 226.10, 210.18 ; μ. ἐνεστώς present middle, prev. work 278.25.
__I.3.d Grammars, of consonants, Latin mediae, i. e. β ¯ γ ¯ δ ¯, Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus 631.23 : but also of semi-vowels, Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 18c: of accent, ὀξύτητι καὶ βαρύτητι καὶ τῷ μέσῳ , i. e. the circumflex, Aristoteles Philosophus “Poetica” 1456b33.
__II middling, moderate,
__II.1 of size, μέσοι ὀφθαλμοί, ὦτα, γλῶττα, prev. author “HA” 492a8, 33, b31 ; μ. μεγέθει prev. work 496a21, “PPetr.” 1p.37 (3rd c.BC) ; μ. alone, of middle height, PGrenf. 2.23 (a) ii 3 (2nd c.BC), “POxy.” 73.13 (1st c.AD), etc.
__II.2 of class or quality, πάντων μέσ᾽ ἄριστα Theognis Elegiacus 335; παντὶ μέσῳ τὸ κράτος θεὸς ὤπασεν Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 529 (Lyric poetry); μ. ἐν πόλει Phocylides Lyricus 12 ; μ. ἀνήρ a man of middle rank, Herodotus Historicus 1.107; μ. πολίτης Thucydides Historicus 6.54; τὰ μ. τῶν πολιτῶν prev. author 3.82 (so τῶν ἀνὰ πόλιν τὰ μ. Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 11.52) ; οἱ μ., between οἱ εὔποροι and οἱ ἄποροι, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1289b31, 1295b3; οἱ μ. πολῖται prev. work 1296a19; τὸ μ. prev. work 1295b37 ; μ. πολιτεία prev. work 1296a7; ὁ μ. βίος Lucianus Sophista “Luct.” 9 ; mediocre, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 346d; τῶν ἑταιρῶν αἱ μ. Theopomp. Comedy texts 21. adverb μέσως, ἱκανόν fairly adequate, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 2.4S.
__III μέσον, τό, midst, intervening space, mostly with Preps.,
__III.a ἐν μέσσῳ, ={ἐν μεταιχμίῳ}, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.69, 90; ἐν τῷ μ. in the midst, NT.Matt.14.6 ; ἡ 'ν μέσῳ μοῖρα σῴζει πόλεις the middle class, Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 244: without ἐν, ἔμβαλε μέσσῳ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.444; ἔνθορε μέσσῳ 21.233; μέσσῳ ἀμφοτέρων 3.416, 7.277; τῶνδέ τ᾽ ἐν μ. πεσεῖν Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 583; ἐν μ. λόγους ἔχειν prev. author “Hel.” 630; μῆκος ἐν μ. χρόνου Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 735; χρόνος οὑν μ. Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 589 (troch.) ; τὰ ἐν μ. what went between, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 583 ; οἱ ἐν μ. λόγοι the intervening words, prev. author “El.” 1364, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 819; κλίνης ἐν μ. prev. author “Hec.” 1150 ; ἐν μ. ἡμῶν καὶ βασιλέως between us and him, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.2.3; σοφίας καὶ ἀμαθίας ἐν μ. Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 203e ; ἐν μ. νυκτῶν at midnight, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 5.3.52 ; ἆθλα κείμεν᾽ ἐν μέσῳ offered for competition (compare below b), Demosthenes Orator 4.5, compare Theognis Elegiacus 994, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 3.1.21 ; ἡ τιμὴ ἐν τῷ μέσῳ ἔστω deposited with the court, Herodas Mimographus 2.90: without ἐν, καὶ μέσῳ πάντες καὶ χωρὶς ἕκαστος both collectively and severally, “IG” 12(5).872.27,31,38, al. (from Tenos): in pl., κεῖτο δ᾽ ἄρ᾽ ἐν μέσσοισι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.507; ἐν μέσοισ᾽ Xenophanes Poeta Philosophus 1.7 ; ἐν μέσῳ εἶναι τοῦ συμμεῖξαι to stand in the way of.., Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 5.2.26 ; ἡ γὰρ θάλαττα ἐν τῷ μ. is an obstacle, prev. author “Ath.” 2.2; οὐδεὶς ἐν μέσσῳ γείτων πέλεν Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 21.17; οὐδὲν ἂν ἦν ἐν μ. πολεμεῖν ἡμᾶς Demosthenes Orator 23.183 ; compare ἰμέσος.
__III.b ἐς μέσον, ἐς μ. ἀμφοτέρων, frequently in Homerus Epicus for ἐς μεταίχμιον, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.79, 6.120 ; ἀνδρὶ δὲ νικηθέντι γυναῖκ᾽ ἐς μέσσον ἔθηκε deposited her as a prize (compare above a), 23.704; ἐς μ. δεικνύναι τινί τι Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 42.3 ; ἐς μ. ἵεσθαι, ἐλθεῖν, παρελθεῖν, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 514 (Lyric poetry), Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 22.183, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Agis” 9; ἐς μέσον ἀμφοτέροισι.. δικάσσατε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.574 ; ἐς τὸ μ. φέρειν bring forward publicly, Herodotus Historicus 4.97, Demosthenes Orator 18.139; ἐς τὸ μ. λέγεσθαι Herodotus Historicus 6.129 ; ἐς μ. Πέρσῃσι καταθεῖναι τὰ πρήγματα to give up the power in common to all, prev. author 3.80; ἐς μ. τὴν ἀρχὴν τιθεὶς ἰσονομίην ὑμῖν προαγορεύω prev. work 142.
__III.c ἐκ τοῦ μέσου away, ἐκ μ. ἀνελεῖν Demosthenes Orator 10.36, 18.294; χειρόγραφον ἦρκεν ἐκ τοῦ μ. NT.Col.2.14, compare Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 3.3.15 ; also ἐκ μ. a half, ἔτη ὀκτὼ καὶ ἔνατον ἐκ μ. Thucydides Historicus 4.133 ; also ἐκ μ. κατῆστο remained in the middle, i. e. neutral compare (ἐκ 1.6 near the end), Herodotus Historicus 3.83, compare 4.118, 8.22, 73.
__III.d διὰ μέσου between, τὸ διὰ μ. ἔθνος prev. author 1.104; διὰ μ. ποιεῖσθαι Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6.3.3 ; διὰ μ. γενέσθαι intervene, of an event, Thucydides Historicus 4.20: with gen., διὰ μέσου τῆς πόλεως ῥεῖ ποταμός Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.2.23; διὰ μ. ῥεῖ τούτων ποταμός prev. work 1.4.4, etc. ; τὸ τούτων διὰ μ. Plato Philosophus “Leges” 805e ; also οἱ διὰ μέσου the middle party, the moderates, Thucydides Historicus 8.75, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.4.25 ; τὸ διὰ μ. the middle class, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1296a8 ; of Time, ὁ διὰ μ. χρόνος Herodotus Historicus 9.112 ; ἡ διὰ μ. ξύμβασις an interim agreement, Thucydides Historicus 5.26 ; διὰ μέσου, as a figure of speech, use of parenthesis, Herodianus Rhetor “de Figuris - Rhet.” p.95S.
__III.e ἀν (ὀν) τὸ μ. in the midst, Alcaeus Lyricus 18.3, Xenophanes Poeta Philosophus 1.11, Theognis Elegiacus 839 ; ἀνὰ μέσον midway between, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 496a22, Antiphanes Comicus 13, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 22.21, etc.; ἀνὰ μ. τοῦ ναοῦ καὶ τοῦ βωμοῦ “GDI” 2010 (Delph.), compare “PTeb.” 13.9 (2nd c.BC), al. ; θρὶξ ἀνὰ μέσσον Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 14.9; ἀνὰ μέσσα Nicander Epicus “Theriaca” 167 ; also ἀνὰ μέσον φέρε, ={μετρίως}, Menander Comicus 531.18.
__III.f κατὰ μέσσον, = {ἐν μέσῳ}, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.8, 16.285, etc.: with gen., κὰδ δὲ μέσον τάφρου καὶ τείχεος ἷζον between, 9.87.
__III.2 μέσον, τό, difference, τὸ μ. πρὸς τὰς μεγίστας καὶ ἐλαχίστας the average between.., Thucydides Historicus 1.10 ; πολλὸν τὸ μ., πολὺ τὸ μ., the difference is great, Herodotus Historicus 1.126, Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 914 (anap.) ; τὸ μ. οὐδὲν τῆς ἔχθρης ἐστί there is no middle course for our enmity, Herodotus Historicus 7.11.
__III.3 middle state, mean, τὸ μ. καὶ τὸ εὖ Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1109b26 ; ποιήματα μέσα, opposed to ὀγκώδη, in the (correct) mean, Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ ποιημάτων” 5.5 . adverb -ως, ἀναστρέφεσθαι prev. author “Rh.” 1.155S.
__III.4 in Logic, τὸ μ. the middle term of a syllogism, opposed to τὰ ἄκρα, Aristoteles Philosophus “Analytica Priora” 66a30; also ὁ μ. (i.e. ὅρος) prev. work 25b33.
__III.5 in Mathematics texts, middle terms in a proportion, Euclides Geometra 6.16 ; μέση, or μέση (μέσος) ἀνάλογον a mean proportional (straight line or number), prev. work 13, 17, 8.11, 12, al. ; μέσης εὕρεσις Aristoteles Philosophus “de Anima” 413a19, “Metaph.” 996b21 ; μέση medial, a specific kind of irrational (straight line), Euclides Geometra 10.21, al. ; μέσον ὀρθογώνιον (χωρίον) medial rectangle (area), prev. work 24, al.
__III.6 Astron., ὁ διὰ μέσων τῶν ζῳδίων κύκλος the ecliptic, Hipparchus Astronomicus 1.9.3, 4, Geminus Astronomicus 2.21, Ptolemaeus Epigrammaticus “Alm.” 2.7: without κύκλος, Eudoxus Astronomus cited in Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1073b20, Hipparchus Astronomicus 1.9.12; simply, ὁ διὰ μέσων 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 7.146 ; but, ὁ μέσος κύκλος the equator of a rotating sphere, Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1073b30.
__III.7 μέσα, τά, ={μέζεα}, Blaes. p.191 K.
__III.7.b ={κοιλία} 1.3, Herodotus Medicus cited in Oribasius Medicus 5.27.3, Galenus Medicus 14.732: sg., Hephaestio Astrologus 1.1 (variant{τὰ μέσα} “Catalogus Codicum Astrologorum” 8(2).45).
__III.8 Μέσον, τό, one of the law-courts at Athens, Photius Legal icographus, etc., Scholia Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 120.
__III.9 οὐ τοῖς μέσοις τῆς βίας χρωμένη no ordinary force, Hierocl. p.15 Aeschylus Tragicus
__IV μέση, ἡ, as substantive, see at {μέση}.
__V adverb μέσον, Epic dialect μέσσον, in the middle, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.167, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.300 : with genitive, between, οὐρανοῦ μ. χθονός <τε> Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 983 (Lyric poetry), compare Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 2.22.10 ; in the midst of, μ. τῆς θαλάσσης LXX.Exo.14.27; μ. γενεᾶς σκολιᾶς NT.Phil.2.15 +NT: also in plural, μέσα αἰετὸς οὐρανοῦ ποτᾶται Euripides Tragicus “Rhesus” 530 (Lyric poetry), compare Nicander Epicus “fragment” 74.26.
__V.2 regular adverb μέσως, πόλεώς τ᾽ οὐ μ. εὐδαίμονος Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 873, compare “Hec.” 1113, Isocrates Orator 9.23 ; καὶ μ. even in a moderate degree, even a little, Thucydides Historicus 2.60 ; μ. ἔχειν πρός or περί τι to be in the mean.., Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1105b28, 1119a11; θερμότερον ἢ κραυρότερον ἢ μ. ἔχον Eubulus Comicus 7.1, compare 3rd c.BC(?): Sosipater Comicus 1.53 ; μ. βεβιωκέναι in a middle way, i. e. neither well nor ill, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 113d; μ. μεθύων Menander Comicus 226 ; μ. διατιθέναι in an intermediate way, Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Compositione Verborum” 14.
__V.2.b Grammars, in the middle voice, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 276.21.
__VI irregular comparative μεσαίτερος Plato Philosophus “Parmenides” 165b : superlative μεσαίτατος Herodotus Historicus 4.17, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Mundo” 392b33, Geminus Astronomicus 9.3, etc.; poetry μεσσότατος Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 4.649, 4th c.AD(?): Manetho Astrologus 6.373 . (Cf. Sanskritmádhyas 'middle', Latin medius, etc.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks μεσημβρία G3314 "betrekking tot plaats, noen, twaalf uur"; Grieks μεσίτης G3316 "mediator, Middelaar"; Grieks μεσονύκτιον G3317 "middernacht"; Grieks Μεσοποταμία G3318 "Mesopotamie"; Grieks μεσότοιχον G3320 "tussenmuur"; Grieks μεσουράνημα G3321 "zenith"; Grieks μεσόω G3322 "halfweg, zijn"; Grieks μετά G3326 "met, na, achter";



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