G3584 ξηρός
droog, verschrompeld, vermagerd
Taal: Grieks

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xi̱ros̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ξηρός, -ά, -όν, [in LXX chiefly for יָבֵשׁ H3002, its parts and derivatives, also for חָרָבָה H2724, etc.;] dry: metaph. (of a sinner), ξύλον ξ., Lk 23:31; of members of the body shrunken by disease, withered: Jo 5:3; of the hand, Mt 12:10, Mk 3:3, Lk 6:6, 8; of the dry land, ἡ ξηρά (sc. γῆ, cf. Ge 1:9, 10; Jh 1:19, al.): Mt 23:15; γῆ, He 11:29.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ξηρός, ά, όν,
  dry, opposed to ὑγρός, of a dried-up river, Herodotus Historicus 5.45; χειμάρρους ξηροὺς ὕδατος Arrianus Historicus “Anabasis” 4.3.2; ἠὴρ ξ. Herodotus Historicus 2.26; ξ. ἄνεμος Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 404; ξηροῖς ἀκλαύτοις ὄμμασιν Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 696; ὀμμάτων ξ. κόραι Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 389 ; μέτρα ξ. τε καὶ ὑγρά dry and liquid measures, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 746d; ὕλη αὔη καὶ ξ. prev. work 761d ; ξ. γάλα, i.e. ripe cheese, 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 1001.51 (compare περίξηρος) ; so τυρὸς ξ., opposed to τυρὸς χλωρός, Antiphanes Comicus 133.7, compare Philoxenus Epigrammaticus 3.8 ; ἐν ξηροῖσιν ἐκτρέφειν on solid food, i.e. cereals, Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 277 ; καρπὸς ξ., i.e. cereal, opposed to κ. ξύλινος, produce of trees, i. e. fruit, wine, or oil, Plato Philosophus “Critias” 115b; ξ. χόρτος hay, PPetr. 3p.181 (3rd c.BC) ; φοῖνιξ ξ. dried dates, “PSI” 1.33.14 (2nd c.AD) ; ξ. καρποί, opposed to οἶνος, ἔλαιον, Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 2.23.5 ; ξ. πυρίαι applications of dry heat, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ διαίτης ὀξέων” 21, Archigenes Medicus cited in Galenus Medicus 12.621 ; compare ξηροπυρία. adverb ξηρῶς by the use of dry powder, Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 6.3.13 (assuming variant).
__2 of bodily condition, withered, lean, δέμας Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 239; ξηρὸς ὑπαὶ δείους Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 24.61; ξ. κοιλίη costive, Hippocrates Medicus “ἀφορισμοί” 2.20.
__3 of the voice, compare ξηρόφωνος.
__II fasting: hence, generally, austere, τρόποι Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1452 (Lyric poetry) ; of persons, Antiphanes Comicus 16 ; harsh, opposed to ἡδύς, Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 784 (Lyric poetry).
__II.2 metaphorically, of style, πραγματεία ἀτερπὴς καὶ ξ. Epicurus Philosophus “Fragmenta” 505 (p.358 U.); τὸ ξ. aridity, Demetrius Phalereus Rhetor “Demetrius on Style” 238 ; of critics, ξηροὶ Καλλιμάχου πρόκυνες “Anthologia Graeca” 11.322 (Antiphanes Macedo Epigrammaticus).
__III as substantive ἡ ξηρά (i.e. γῆ), dry land, opposed to ὑγρά, Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 19.7 (also Comp. ξηροτέρα γῆ prev. work 6),cf. NT.Matt.23.15, etc.; τὸ ξηρόν Herodotus Historicus 2.68 ; ναῦς ἐπὶ τοῦ ξηροῦ ποιεῖν to leave the ships aground, Thucydides Historicus 1.109; ναῦς ἐς τὸ ξ. ἐξωθεῖν prev. author 8.105 ; τὸ ξ. τοῦ ποταμοῦ the part of its bed left dry, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.5.18: for Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 1.51 see at {ἀκράτιστος}.
__III.2 ξηρά, ἡ, in a bath-house, room for dry heat, POxy. 2145.12 (2nd c.AD).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks λαξευτός G2991 "rotsen uitgehouwen (in)"; Grieks ξέστης G3582 "sextarius, maatvat, kruik"; Grieks ξηραίνω G3583 "droog maken, drogen, droog leggen, uitdrogen, verdrogen, verschrompelen, wegkwijnen, uitteren";

Literatuur


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