G3660 ὀμνύω
zweren, bevestigen, beloven
Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ὀμνύω (so Hdt. and some Att. writers) and ὄμνυμι (so generally in Att. prose and always in Trag.; Mk 14:71, -ύναι), [in LXX chiefly for שׁבע H7650 ni.;] to swear, affirm by oath: Mt 26:74, Mk 14:71, He 7:21; seq. εἰ (q.v.), He 3:11 4:3; c. dat. pers., Mk 6:23; id. c. inf., He 3:18; seq. ὅρκῳ, Ac 2:30; ὀ. ὅρκον πρός, c. acc. pers. (cl.), Lk 1:73; c. acc. (of that by which one swears; cl., v. MM, xviii), Ja 5:12; seq. κατά, c. gen. (LXX; Bl., § 34, 1), He 6:13, 16; seq. ἐν (εἰς), as in Heb. (Bl., § 39, 4), Mt 5:34, 36 23:16, 18, 20-22, Re 10:6 (Bl., § 70, 3).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ὄμνῡμι,
   Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.166, etc. ; imperative ὄμνῠθι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.585, ὄμνῡ Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1185, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 746, cf. Oracle texts cited in Herodotus Historicus 6.86. γ ; 3rd.pers. singular ὀμνύτω “IG” 12.134.5 ; 3rd.pers. plural ὀμνύντων. Foed. cited in Thucydides Historicus 5.47, “IG” 12.87.24 : imperfect ὤμνυν Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 520, “Ec.” 823, Demosthenes Orator 17.10, etc. : also (from present ὀμνύω) 3rd.pers. singular imperative ὀμνῠέτω Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.175 ; participle ὀμνύουσα Hyperides Orator “adv. Athenogenem” 2 : imperfect ὤμνῠον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.278, Foed. cited in Thucydides Historicus 5.19, 24, “IG” 22.236.14, etc. (for present indicative the Trag. and Aristophanes Comicus use only ὄμνυμι, Herodotus Historicus and Attic. Prose writers also ὀμνύω, which also occurs in Comedy texts, Pherecrates Comicus 143.9, Amphis Comicus 42, Diphilus Comicus 101, Antiphanes Comicus 241.1, Alexander Rhetor 160; in Herodotus Historicus 1.153 ὀμνύντες is restored for the uncertain form ὀμοῦντες) : future ὀμοῦμαι, εῖ, εῖται, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.233, 9.274, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 194, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 246, “Lys.” 193, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.3.11, etc. ; Doric dialect 1st pers. plural ὀμιώμεθα Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 183 ; later future ὀμόσω “Anthologia Graeca” 12.201 (Strato Epigrammaticus), Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Cicero” 23, etc. : aorist ὤμοσα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.253, etc. ; Epic dialect ὤμοσσα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.313; Ep. also without augment ὄμοσα, -οσσα, 19.113, 10.328 : perfect ὀμώμοκα Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 612, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1471, etc. : pluperfect ὠμωμόκειν Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.1.35, Demosthenes Orator 9.16, 19.318 :—middle, Pausanias Periegeta 10.26.3 , aorist participle ὀμοσάμενος “SIG” 531.28 (Dyme, 3rd c.BC), “IG” 5(2).357.11 (from Stymphalus), also in compounds ἀντ-, ἀπ-, δι-, ὑπ- :—passive, future ὀμοσθήσομαι Andocides Orator 3.34 : aorist ὠμόσθην Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 7.4.10, (ὑπ-) Hyperides Orator “Fragmenta” 202; but ὠμόθην Isaeus Orator 2.40, (ὑπ-) Demosthenes Orator 48.25 : perfect 3rd.pers. singular ὀμώμοται Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1284, ὀμώμοσται Euripides Tragicus “Rhesus” 816, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1377a11 ; 3rd.pers. plural ὀμώμονται Legal cited in Andocides Orator 1.98 ; participle ὀμωμοσμένος Demosthenes Orator 7.10, 22.4, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1377b7 (ὠμοσμένος see reading in Appianus Historicus “Αιβυκή” 83, etc.) :—swear, with accusative cognate, ὀμνυέτω δέ τοι ὅρκον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.175, al.; ὅτις κ᾽ ἐπίορκον ὀμόσσῃ 3.279; ἑκὼν ἐπίορκον ὀμόσσας Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 282: with dat. pers., νῦν μοι ὄμοσσον.. ὅρκον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.108, al.; πρός τινα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.331, 19.288 :—passive, ὀμώμοται γὰρ ὅοκος ἐκ θεῶν Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1284; ὅρκων ὀμωμος μένων Demosthenes Orator 7.10; εἰ ὀμώμοσται οὗτος ὁ ὅρκος Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1377a11, compare b7.
__II swear to a thing, affirm or confirm by oath,
__II.1 followed by accusative, ταῦτα δ᾽ ἐγὼν ἐθέλω ὀμόσαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.187, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1145, Xenophon Historicus “Agesilaus” 1.11 ; ὄ. τὰς σπονδάς Foed. cited in Thucydides Historicus 5.47; τὴν εἰρήνην Demosthenes Orator 18.32, compare 9.16; θεῶν πίστεις τινί Thucydides Historicus 5.30, etc.
__II.2 followed by future infinitive, swear that one will.., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.373, etc., compare Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 623, 941 (present infinitive, Demosthenes Orator 21.188 codices): frequently with ἦ μέν, Attic. ἦ μήν, preceding the infinitive, καί μοι ὄμοσσον ἦ μέν μοι.. ἀρήξειν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.76, compare 10.321, Lysias Orator 31.1, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.3.26, etc.: also by aorist infinitive and ἄν, prev. author “An.” 7.7.40 : by present infinitive, swear that one does.., Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 357 : by perfect infinitive, swear that one has.., Demosthenes Orator 21.119; ὤμνυς μὴ γεγονέναι Magnes Comicus 6 : by aorist infinitive, swear that one did.., ὀμνύουσι μὴ 'κπιεῖν ἀλλ᾽ ἢ μίαν Pherecrates Comicus 143.9, compare Herodotus Historicus 2.179 (aorist infinitive is perhaps used, without ἄν, in future sense, Demosthenes Orator 23.170 (assuming variant)) : sometimes a clause follows in the indicative, ὀμνύω.., ἦ μὴν ἐγὼ ἐθυόμην Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 6.1.31; ὄμνυμί σοι.., οὐκ ἤθελον.. Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus “Adon.” 22.
__II.3 absolutely, εἶπον ὀμόσας ἄν I would have given my word of honour, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 215d.
__III with accusative of the person or thing sworn by, swear by, νῦν μοι ὄμοσσον ἀάατον Στυγὸς ὕδωρ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.271; γαιήοχον ἐννοσίγαιον ὄμνυθι 23.585, compare 15.40, Herodotus Historicus 5.7, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 529, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1185, etc.; ὀμωμοκὼς τοὺς θεούς Demosthenes Orator 18.217 ; ὄμνυμι θεοὺς καὶ θεάς followed by infinitive, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 6.6.17, compare 6.1.31: rarely with dat., τῷ γὰρ ὄμνυτ᾽ ; ἢ σιδαρέοισ; Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 248: in Prose also with Preps., ὀ. καθ᾽ ἱερῶν τελείων Legal cited in Andocides Orator 1.97, Thucydides Historicus 5.47; κατ᾽ ἐξωλείας Demosthenes Orator 21.119; κατὰ τῆς Πολιάδος Lucianus Sophista “Symp.” 32; εἰς τὸν Οὐιτέλλιον Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Otho” 18; ἐπὶ τῶν ἱερῶν Polybius Historicus 38.20.5; ἐν Κυρίῳ LXX.Judg.21.7; ἐν τῷ ναῷ NT.Matt.23.16:—passive, ὀμώμοσται Ζεύς Zeus has been sworn by, adjured, Euripides Tragicus “Rhesus” 816, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1241.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ὁρκωμοσία G3728 "eed"; Grieks συνωμοσία G4945 "samenzwering";

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