G3696 ὅπλον
wapenen, wapenuitrusting, instrument
Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ὅπλον, -ου, τό, [in LXX for מָגֵן H4043, צִנָּה H6793, etc.;] 1. a tool, implement, instrument: ὅπλα ἀδικίας (opp. to ὅ. δικαιοσύνης), Ro 6:13. 2. Freq., in pl., arms, weapons: Jo 18:3, II Co 10:4; metaph., τ. φωτός, Ro 13:12; τ. δικαιοσύνης, II Co 6:7.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ὅπλον, τό,
  tool, implement, mostly in plural, like{ἔντεα},{τεύχεα}: (probably from ἕπω A):
__I a ship's tackle, tackling, Homerus Epicus (only in Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey”), 2.390, al., Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 627 ; especially ropes, halyards, etc., δησάμενοι δ᾽ ἄρα ὅπλα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.430, etc. ; in which sense Homerus Epicus twice uses the singular, rope, 14.346, 21.390: generally, any ropes, Herodotus Historicus 7.25, 9.115, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἄρθρων ἐμβολῆς” 78.
__II tools, strictly so called, in Homerus Epicus especially of smiths' tools, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.409, 412; in full, ὅπλα χαλκήϊα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.433: in sg., ὅπλον ἀρούρης sickle, “Anthologia Graeca” 6.95 (from Antiphil) ; ὅπλον γεροντικόν staff, Callimachus Epicus “Epigrammata” 1.7 ; δείπνων ὅπλον ἑτοιμότατον, of the wine-flask, “Anthologia Graeca” 6.248 (Marc. argument).
__III in plural, also, implements of war, arms and armour, Homerus Epicus (only in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad”), αὐτὰρ ἐπεὶ πάνθ᾽ ὅπλα κάμε, of the arms of Achilles, 18.614, compare 19.21; ὅπλοισιν ἔνι δεινοῖσιν ἐδύτην 10.254, 272; so in Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 8.27, “IG” 12.1.9, Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 14, etc. : rarely in singular, weapon, οὐδέ τι ἀρήϊον ὅπλον ἐκτέαται Herodotus Historicus 4.23, compare 174, Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 161, 570, 942, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 474a, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.4.15 ; ποτὶ πονηρὸν οὐκ ἄχρηστον ὅπλον ἁ πονηρία Epicharmus Comicus 275 ; piece of armour, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 3.49.
__III.2 the large shield, from which the men-at-arms took their name of ὁπλῖται (εἰκόνα γραπτὴν ἐν ὅπλῳ “IG” 22.1012.18 (2nd c.BC),compare “IGRom.” 4.1302.35 (Cyme, 1st c.BC-1st c.AD), Thucydides Historicus 7.75, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 15.44, 17.18); ὅπλον στύππινον “IG” 11(2).203 B 99 (Delos, 3rd c.BC) : metaphorically, τῆς πενίας ὅπλον ἡ παρρησία Nicostratus Comicus 29; ὅ. μέγιστον.. ἁρετὴ βροτοῖς Menander Comicus “Μονόστιχοι - Fragmenta Comicorum Graecorum” 433, compare 619.
__III.3 in plural, also, heavy arms, Herodotus Historicus 9.53 ; ὅπλων ἐπιστάτης, ={ὁπλίτης}, opposed to κώπης ἄναξ, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 379; ὁ πόλεμος οὐχ ὅπλων τὸ πλέον ἀλλὰ δαπάνης Thucydides Historicus 1.83; ὅπλα παραδοῦναι prev. author 4.69; ὅπλα ἀποβάλλειν Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 27, etc.
__III.4 ὅπλα, ={ὁπλῖται}, men-at-arms, πολλῶν μεθ᾽ ὅπλων Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 115 (Lyric poetry): and frequently in Prose, ἐξέτασιν ὅπλων ποιεῖσθαι to have a muster of the men-at-arms, Thucydides Historicus 4.74, etc. ; ὁ ἐπὶ τῶν ὅπλων στρατηγός, opposed to ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς διοικήσεως, Decrees cited in Demosthenes Orator 18.38, Decrees prev. work 115; χειροτονηθεὶς ἐπὶ τὰ ὅ. πρῶτος.. στρατηγός “IG” 22.682.44 (3rd c.BC) ; στρατηγεῖν ἐπὶ τὰ ὅ. “SIG” 697 E (Delph., 2nd c.BC), etc.
__III.5 τὰ ὅ. the place of arms, camp, ἦλθεν εἰς τὰ ὅ. Lysias Orator 13.12, compare Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.2.5, etc.; ἐκ τῶν ὅ. προϊέναι Thucydides Historicus 1.111, compare 3.1.
__III.6 Phrases: ἐνέδυνον (variant{ἐνέδυντο}) τὰ ὅ. Herodotus Historicus 7.218, etc. ; ἐν ὅπλοισι εἶναι or γενέσθαι to be in arms, under arms, prev. author 1.13, compare Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 303, Thucydides Historicus 6.56; ἐν ὄπλοισι ἰππομάχεντας Sappho Lyrica “Papyrus fragments” in E. Diehl, 5.19; ἐν ὅπλοις μάχεσθαι Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 456d; ἡ ἐν τοῖς ὅπλοις μάχη prev. author “Lg.” 833e ; ποιῆσαι ἐξέτασιν ἐν ὅπλοις Decrees cited in Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 31.2; εἰς τὰ ὅ. παραγγέλλειν Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.5.13 ; ἐφ᾽ ὅπλοις or παρ᾽ ὅπλοις ἧσθαι, Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 674, 357; μένειν ἐπὶ τοῖς ὅπλοις Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.2.8 ; for ὅπλα ῥίπτειν, ἀφιέναι, κατατίθεσθαι, (see entry).; for ὅπλα τίθεσθαι, see at {τίθημι}.
__IV of the arms possessed by animals for self-defence, τὸν ἄνθρωπον οὐκ ἔχοντα ὅπλον πρὸς τὴν ἀλκήν Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 687a25, compare b4, al.
__V membrum virile, Nicander Epicus “fragment” 74.30, “APl.” 4.242 (Erycius Epigrammaticus), 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus
__VI a gymnastic exercise, the last which came on in the games, Artemidorus Daldianus Onirocriticus 1.63.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ὁπλίζω G3695 "wapenen, bewapenen, uitrusten, toerusten"; Grieks πανοπλία G3833 "wapenrusting (volledige)";

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