rots, klif, richel
Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πέτρα, -ας, ἡ, [in LXX chiefly for סֶלַע H5553, צוּר H6697;] a rock, i.e. a mass of live rock as distinct from πέτρος, a detached stone or boulder: Mt 7:24, 25 27:51, 60, Mk 15:46, Lk 6:48 8:6, 13; of a hollow rock, a cave, Re 6:15, 16 (cf. Is 2:10, al.). Metaph., Mt 16:18 (on the meaning, v. Hort, Eccl., 16 ff., but cf. also ICC, in l.), I Co 10:4; = πέτρος, Ro 9:33, I Pe 2:8(LXX).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

  Ionic dialect and Epic dialect πέτρη, ἡ, rock; frequently of cliffs, ledges, etc. by the sea, λισσὴ αἰπεῖά τε εἰς ἅλα πέτρη Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.293, compare 4.501, etc. ; χῶρος λεῖος πετράων free from rocks, of a beach, 5.443; π. ἠλίβατος.. ἁλὸς ἐγγὺς ἐοῦσα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.618, etc. ; χοιρὰς π. Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 10.52 ; also, rocky peak or ridge, αἰγίλιψ π. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.15, etc.; ἠλίβατος 16.35, etc. ; λιττὰς π. Corinna Lyrica “Supp.” 1.30, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 796 (Lyric poetry) ; π. Λευκάς, Ὠλενίη, etc., Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.11, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.757, etc. ; π. σύνδρομοι, Συμπληγάδες, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.209, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 1264 (Lyric poetry) ; πρὸς πέτραις ὑψηλοκρήμνοις, of Caucasus, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 4, compare 31, 56, al. ; π. Δελφίς, π. δίλοφος, of Parnassus, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 464 (Lyric poetry), “Ant.” 1126 (Lyric poetry); π. Κωρυκίς Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 22 ; π. Κεκροπία, of the Acropolis, Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 936.
__2 π. γλαφυρή a hollow rock, i.e. a cave, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.88, compare 4.107 ; σπέος κοιλῇ ὑπὸ π. Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 301 ; δίστομος π. cave in the rock with a double entrance, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 16, compare 937 ; κατηρεφεῖς αὐτῇ τῇ π. Plato Philosophus “Critias” 116b; π. ἀντρώδης Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.3.11; τόπος κύκλῳ πέτραις περιεχόμενος “IG” 42(1).122.21 (Epid.) ; ἕως τῆς π. down to virgin rock, Zenon Papyri du Caire 172.14 (3rd c.BC), “OGI” 672 (Egypt, 1st c.AD),cf. NT.Matt.16.18.
__3 mass of rock or boulder, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.243, 484, Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 675; πέτρας κυλινδομένα φλόξ Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 1.23; ἐκυλίνδουν πέτρας Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.2.20, compare Polybius Historicus 3.53.4.
__4 stone as material, π. λαρτία, Τηΐα, “SIG” 581.97 (Crete, 3rd-2nd c.BC), 996.13 (Smyrna, 1st c.AD): distinguished from πέτρος (which see) , which is variant in X. same place; πέτρᾳ should be read in Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 272 ; the distinction is minimized by Galenus Medicus 12.194.
__II proverbial, οὐκ ἀπὸ δρυὸς οὐδ᾽ ἀπὸ πέτρης, etc. (see. δρῦς); as a symbol of firmness, ὁ δ᾽ ἐστάθη ἠΰτε π. ἔμπεδον Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.463 ; of hard-heartedness, ἐκ πέτρας εἰργασμένος Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 244; ἁλίαν π. ἢ κῦμα λιταῖς ὢς ἱκετεύων Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 537 (anap.); compare πέτρος 1.2. (Written πε-τε-ρα in a text with musical accompaniment, “Paean Delphicus 2nd c.BC” 5.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks Πέτρος G4074 "Petrus"; Grieks πετρώδης G4075 "rotsachtig, steenachtig";


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