G4192_πόνος
harde arbeid, inspanning, moeite, pijn, smart
Taal: Grieks

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ponos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πόνος, -ου, ὁ [in LXX for עָמָל H5999, etc.;] 1. labour, toil: Col 4:13. 2. The consequence of toil, distress, suffering, pain (Xen., al., LXX): Re 16:10, 11 21:4.†

SYN.: v.s. κόπος G2873.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πόνος, ὁ,
  (πένομαι) work, especially hard work, toil, in Homerus Epicus mostly of the toil of war, μάχης π. the toil of battle, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.568 ; πόνος alone, ={μάχη}, 6.77, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.117, al. ; πόνον ἔχειν, ={μάχεσθαι}, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.525, compare 13.2, al.; ἀνδράσι δυσμενέεσσι π. καὶ δῆριν ἔθεντο 17.158; π. ἀνδρῶν Theognis Elegiacus 987; πόνοι Ἐνυαλίου Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 6(5).54 ; ἐν τούτῳ τῷ π. ὁ πολέμαρχος διαφθείρεται in this struggle (at Marathon), Herodotus Historicus 6.114; ἐν τοῖσι Τρωϊκοῖσι π. prev. author 9.27.
__2 generally, toil, labour, ἐπεὶ παύσαντο πόνου Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.467, al. ; π. ὀρνίθεσσι τιθείη cause toil to them, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 470 ; π. λαβόντας incurring toil, Herodotus Historicus 7.24; π. παρέχειν μανθάνοντι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 526c ; μάταιος π. labour in vain, prev. author “Ti.” 40d; οἱ κατὰ τὰ σώματα π. prev. author “Plt.” 294e; π. συνεχής Democritus Epigrammaticus 241; πολλῷ π. Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 509; μετὰ πολλοῦ π. Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 230a; σὺν π. Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 9.6; οὐ μακρῷ π. Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 75; ἄνευ π. Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.6.22 ; ἔχει πόνον πολύν involves much trouble, Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 1216 (also εἰνάλιον π. ἐχοίσας σκευᾶς when the tackle labours in the sea, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 2.79): pl., π. ἑκούσιοι Democritus Epigrammaticus 240.
__3 of special kinds of labour, bodily exertion, exercise, στρατιωτικοὶ π. Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.3.9 ; of exertions in the games, Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 305, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 4.1, l. 4(3).47 , etc.; γυμνάσια.., νεανιᾶν (probably) πόνον the scene of youthful labours, Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 211 (Lyric poetry); εἰναλίοισι πόνοισι Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 21.39.
__4 work, task, business, ἐπεὶ π. ἄλλος ἔπειγεν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.54 ; enterprise, undertaking, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 864 (Lyric poetry), etc.
__5 implements for labour, stock-in-trade, οὗτος τοῖς ἁλιεῦσιν ὁ πᾶς πόνος Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 21.14 ; καὶ πόνος ἐντὶ θάλασσα the sea is their workshop, Moschus Bucolicus “fragment” 1.10.
__II stress, trouble, distress, suffering, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.227; Τρώεσσι πόνον καὶ κήδε᾽ ἔθηκεν 21.525; ἦ μὴν καὶ π. ἐστὶν.. 2.291 ; ἐν τούτῳ τῷ π., of a storm, Herodotus Historicus 7.190 ; ὁ Μηδικὸς π. the trouble from the Medes, prev. author 4.1; παῦροι ἐν πόνῳ πιστοί Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 10.78: frequently in Trag., πόνος πόνῳ πόνον φέρει Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 866 (Lyric poetry); πόνον ἔχειν prev. author “OC” 232 (Lyric poetry) , etc.: in plural, sufferings, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 66, 328, etc. ; πόνους πονεῖν compare (πονέω Bacchylides Lyricus 1.2); διά τινα πόνους ἔχειν Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 975 (Lyric poetry) ; also of disease, κατέβαινεν ἐς τὰ στήθη ὁ π. Thucydides Historicus 2.49; πλευρᾶς πόνοι καὶ θώρακος καὶ ἥπατος Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 1.2; ἰσχίων π. καὶ πλευρᾶς prev. work 73.
__II.2 pain, especially physical, δύο π. ἅμα γενομένων, μὴ κατὰ τὸν αὐτὸν τόπον, ὁ σφοδρότερος ἀμαυροῖ τὸν ἕτερον Hippocrates Medicus “ἀφορισμοί” 2.46, compare Erotianus Grammaticus see entry {πόνοι}, Galenus Medicus 17(2).699; π. ἐν κεφαλῇ Hippocrates Medicus “Acut.(Sp.”) 40; ἐς τὰ ἄρθρα πόνοι prev. author “Aph.” 4.44, 45, compare Soranus Medicus 1.27, al.; π. ἐς ἀμφοτέρας κνήμας Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 1.26.γ, compare δ, al., LXX.Gen.34.25 +5th c.BC+; distinguished from λύπη (pain in general), Alexander Aphrodisiensis Philosophus “Quaestiones - pars” 125.33 ; but sometimes ={λύπη}, Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 3p.65U., “Sent.Vat.” 4, “fragment” 442, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Mus.” p.72K.
__III anything produced by work, a work, μελισσᾶν τρητὸς π., of honey, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 6.54; ὑψηλὸς τεκτόνων π. Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 357, compare Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 1570 ; ὁ ἐμὸς ὠδίνων π., of a child, prev. author “Ph.” 30 ; so, πόνον ὀρταλίχων ὀλέσαντες, i.e. the nestlings, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 54 (anap.) ; τοὺς ἡμετέρους π. the fruits of our labour, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.6.9.
__IV Πόνος personified as son of Eris, Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 226.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks διαπονέω G1278 "inspannen (grondig)"; Grieks καταπονέω G2669 "afmatten, mishandelen, afbeulen"; Grieks πένης G3993 "arm"; Grieks πονηρός G4190 "ergernissen, ontberingen";

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