G4762 στρέφω
draaien, wenden, omkeren
Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

στρέφω [in LXX chiefly for הפך H2015, also for סבב H5437, etc. ;] to turn: c. acc. rei dat. pers., Mt 5:39; = ἀποσ-, to bring back, Mt 27:3 (cf. Is 38:8); reflexively (WM, § 38, 1), to turn oneself, Ac 7:42; c. acc. seq. εἰς, = μετασ-, to change, Re 11:6. Pass., reflexive, to turn oneself: seq. εἰς, Jo 20:14, Ac 7:39 13:46; ptcp., στραφείς, c. indic., Mt 7:6 9:22 16:23, Lk 7:9 9:55 14:25 22:61, Jo 1:38 20:16; id. seq. πρός, Lk 7:44 10:22 (WH, R, om.), ib. 23 23:28; metaph., to change: absol., Mt 18:3, Jo 12:40 (cf. ἀνα-, ἀπο-, δια-, ἐκ, ἐπι-, κατα-, μετα-, συ(ν)-, ὑπο-στρέφω).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

στρέφω,
   Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.323, etc. ; Doric dialect στράφω ᾰ “IG” 12(3).92.6 (Nisyrus, uncertain) ; Aeolic dialect στροφῶ (to be read στρόφω) “Etymologicum Magnum” 728.44 : Epic dialect imperfect
__A στρέψασκον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.546 : future στρέψω Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 1152, etc. : aorist 1 ἔστρεψα prev. author “Tr.” 1243, etc. , Epic dialect στρέψα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.520: perfect ἔστροφα (ἀν-) Cercidas Iambographus 17.30, (ἀντ-, variant{ἀν-}) Theognetus Comicus 1.8, (ἐπ-) Polybius Historicus 5.110.6, (μετ-) Aristides Rhetor 1.435 Josephus Historicus ; also ἔστρᾰφα (κατ-) Polybius Historicus 23.11.2 codices:—middle, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.488, etc. : future στρέψομαι 6.516, etc. : aorist ἐστρεψάμην Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1416, (κατ-) Thucydides Historicus 1.94, etc.: perfect passive (in middle sense) ἔστραμμαι (κατ-) Isocrates Orator 5.21 :—passive, future στρᾰφήσομαι LXX.1Ki.10.6, (ἀνα-) Isocrates Orator 5.64, (δια-) Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 175, “Av.” 177, (μετα-) Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 518d +5th c.BC+; future middle (in passive sense) στρέψομαι (ἀπο-) Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 5.5.36: aorist 1 ἐστρέφθην frequently in Homerus Epicus, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.40, al. , rare in Attic dialect, Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 1128, Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 273e ; Doric dialect ἐστράφθην Sophron Comicus 88, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 7.132, also variant (for κατεστράφησαν) in Herodotus Historicus 1.130 (but στραφῆναι prev. author 3.129): aorist 2 ἐστράφην ᾰ Solon Lyricus 37.6, always in Trag., Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 315, etc. , frequently in Attic dialect, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 537 (μετα-), Thucydides Historicus 5.97 (κατα-), Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 77b : perfect ἔστραμμαι “hymnus ad Mercurium” 411, Hippocrates Medicus “Aër.” 5, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.7.15, etc.; ἔστρεμμαι Eudoxus Astronomus “Ars astronomica” 12.10 (Papyrus), compare ἀποστρέφω, καταστρέφω :—turn about or aside, ἂψ δὲ θεοὶ οὖρον στρέψαν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.520 ; ἵππους σ. turn horses, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.168, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.205, etc.; σ. πηδάλιον Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 40; τὸν οἴακα Anaxandrides Comicus 4.5, compare Menander Comicus 482.4; σάκος Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 575 ; of persons, ἡλίου πρὸς ἀντολὰς στρέψασα σαυτήν Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 708; πρόσωπον πρὸς κασίγνητον στρέφε Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 457, compare “Hec.” 344; πάλιν στρέψεις κάρα prev. author “Med.” 1152; ὄμμα πανταχῇ στρέφων prev. author “IT” 68; σ. ἀνταυγεῖς κόρας Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 902; σεαυτὸν εἰς πονηρὰ πράγματα prev. author “Nu.” 1455; πόλιν πρὸς κέρδος ἴδιον Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 413; στρατὸν πρὸς ἀλκήν prev. author “Andr.” 1149 ; wheel soldiers round, Xenophon Historicus “Respublica Lacedaemoniorum” 11.9 ; see below Demosthenes Orator
__A.2 cause to rotate as on an axis, κεραμικὴν γαῖαν σ., i.e. on the potter's wheel, Sannyrio Comicus 4; τὸν ἄτρακτον Herodotus Historicus 5.12; τὸν κόσμον μήτε αὐτὸν στρέφειν ἑαυτόν, μήτε.. ὑπὸ θεοῦ στρέφεσθαι διττὰς περιαγωγάς Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 269e, compare “Epin.” 977b.
__A.II πάντ᾽ ἄνω τε καὶ κάτω σ. turn upside down, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 651 ; κάτω σ. Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 717, Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 733; σ. λόγους ἄνω καὶ κάτω Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 511a, compare “Euthd.” 276d ; ἄνω κάτω τοὺς νόμους σ. Demosthenes Orator 21.91; so δίκα καὶ πάντα πάλιν στρέφεται Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 411 (Lyric poetry) ; στρέφειν alone, overturn, upset, prev. author “IT” 1166, “fragment” 536 (troch.) ; γῆν σ. turn it over by digging or ploughing, Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 16.15: with acc. cogn., πάσας σ. στροφάς Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 43e ; γράμματα πανταχῇ σ. prev. author “Cra.” 414c : with infinitive, change a thing so as to.. , εὔκλειαν ἔχειν βιοτὰν στρέψουσι φᾶμαι Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 416 (Lyric poetry).
__A.III σ. σφυρόν sprain or dislocate it, Epictetus Philosophus “Enchiridion” 29.2, Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 3.15.4 (so στραφῆναι τὸν πόδα Herodotus Historicus 3.129, compare Plato Philosophus “Leges” 789e).
__A.III.2 metaphorically of pain, twist, torture, κακὸν στρέφει με περὶ τὴν γαστέρα Antiphanes Comicus 177, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 1131, “fragment” 462, Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 2.44 (Pass.), Galenus Medicus 19.141; βρέμει ἡ κοιλίη καὶ στρέφει καὶ βορβορύζει Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ τῶν ἐντὸς παθῶν” 6: so σ. τὴν ψυχήν torment, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 330e.
__A.III.3 of corruptions in Music, κάμπτων καὶ στρέφων Pherecrates Comicus 145.15.
__A.IV twist, plait, σπάρτα ἐστραμμένα Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.7.15; ἐμβολάδην ἐστραμμέναι ἀλλήλῃσι “hymnus ad Mercurium” 411 ; spin, ὑπὸ μακρῷ λίνῳ στρεφομένη Lucianus Sophista “JConf.” 7, compare 1; ἔστρεψεν Μοιρῶν μία νήματα “IG” 14.607i (from Caralis) ; κρόκην σ. Lucianus Sophista “Fug.” 12: metaph., μεγάλας σ. περιόδους Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.235e.
__A.V technical term of wrestlers, twist the adversary back, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 3.155: metaph., ἔριδα σ. Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 4.93.
__A.VI metaphorically, turn a thing over in one's mind, τί στρέφω τάδ; Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 750; πρὸς ἀλλήλους Lucianus Sophista “Alex.” 8; βουλὴν ἐν ἑαυτῷ Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 10.48; τὸ πρᾶγμα πανταχῇ στρέφων ἀγαγεῖν ἐπ᾽ ἐμέ Demosthenes Orator 21.116.
__A.VII return, give back, ἀργύριά τισι NT.Matt.27.3.
__A.VIII convert, τὴν πέτραν εἰς λίμνας ὑδάτων LXX.Psa.113(114).8, compare 29(30).12, LXX.Exo.4.17 ; στραφήσῃ εἰς ἄνδρα ἄλλον LXX.1Ki.10.6 ; transmute metals, Zos.Alch. p.195 Bacchylides Lyricus
__A.IX falsa lectio for{τρέπω} in Lysias Orator 32.20.
__B passive and middle, twist or turn oneself, στρεφθείς having turned face upward, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.435 ; turn round or about, turn to and fro, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.40, 575, etc.; ἔν τε κύνεσσι κάπριος ἠὲ λέων στρέφεται 12.42 ; ἐστρέφετ᾽ ἔνθα καὶ ἔνθα, of one tossing in bed, 24.5 ; τί δυσκολαίνεις καὶ στρέφει τὴν νύχθ᾽ ὅλη; Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 36, compare Amphis Comicus 20.4 ; of patients, Galenus Medicus 7.664.
__B.2 turn to or from an object, ἔμελλε στρέψεσθ᾽ ἐκ χώρης Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.516, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.352 ; στρεφθεὶς μετόπισθεν turning back, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.645 ; return, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1648, “Ant.” 315, etc.; στραφέντες ἔφευγον Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.3.63, “An.” 3.5.1 ; ποῖ στρέφε; whither away? Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 230, 610.
__B.3 of the heavenly bodies, revolve, circle, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.274, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 40b ; of the distaff, prev. author “R.” 617a ; of a joint, ἐν ἄρθροις σ. κοτυληδών Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1495.
__B.II turn or twist about, like a wrestler trying to elude his adversary: hence, in argument, twist and turn, shuffle, τί ταῦτα στρέφε; prev. author “Ach.” 385 ; τί δῆτα ἔχων στρέφε; Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 236e, etc. ; πάσας στροφὰς στρέφεσθαι twist every way, prev. author “R.” 405c, compare “Euthd.” 302b.
__B.II.2 turn and change, κἂν σοῦ στραφείη θυμός Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1134 ; στρεφόμενα λέγων things that tell both ways, Dionysius Halicarnassensis “Ars Rhetorica” 8.15: with gen. causae, τοῦ δὲ σοῦ ψόφου οὐκ ἂν στραφείην I would not turn for any noise of thine, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1117.
__B.III to be always engaged in or about, ἐν τούτοις στρέφεται καὶ ἑλίττεται ἡ δόξα Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 194b; περὶ τὸ αὐτὸ γένος στρέφεται ἡ σοφιστική Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1004b22, compare Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 2p.124S.
__B.III.2 generally, to be at large, go about, ἀνειμένη στρέφει Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 516; ἐν κυσὶν.. ἐστράφην λύκος Solon Lyricus 37.6; στρέφεσθαι περὶ τὰ δικαστήρια Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 2.139 Sophocles Tragicus ; of things, to be rife, ταῦτα μὲν ἐν δήμῳ στρέφεται κακά Solon Lyricus 4.23.
__B.III.3 of places, τόποι ἐπὶ.. τὰς ἄρκτους ἐστραμμένοι turned, lying towards.., Polybius Historicus 2.15.8, etc.
__C in strict middle sense, turn about with oneself, take back, στράτευμ᾽ ἐς Ἄργος Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1416.
__D intransitive in active, like passive, turn about, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.544, 546, where, however, ζεύγεα may be supplied from 543, as may ὄϊς in Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.528, and ἵππους in Xenophon Historicus “de Equitandi ratione” 7.18 ; of soldiers, wheel about, prev. author “An.” 4.3.26 and 32; στρέψαντες ἀπεχώρουν prev. author “Ages.” 2.3 ; ποῖ στροφαὶ.. μανιῶν στρέφουσ; Sophocles Tragicus “Ichn.” 224 ; τὸν στρέφοντα κύκλον ἡλίου revolving, prev. author “fragment” 738, compare Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 1154 ; στρέψαι δεῦρ᾽, of the Comic Chorus, Plato Comicus 92 ; στρέψον τι, δούλη withdraw a little, Herodas Mimographus 1.8; ἔστρεψεν ὁ θεός NT.Act.7.42.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀναστρέφω G390 "terug gaan, onderste boven keren, omkeren"; Grieks ἀποστρέφω G654 "afwenden"; Grieks διαστρέφω G1294 "verdraaien, draai geven"; Grieks ἐπιστρέφω G1994 "overgankelijk"; Grieks καταστρέφω G2690 "omkeren, omgooien"; Grieks μεταστρέφω G3344 "zich omkeren, omdraaien"; Grieks στρεβλόω G4761 "draaien, verdraaien, martelen, folteren"; Grieks συστρέφω G4962 "samenrollen, bijeenrapen, verzamelen, verenigen"; Grieks τροπή G5157 "zich omkeren (vd hemellichamen)"; Grieks ὑποστρέφω G5290 "upostrefw";

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