G5157 τροπή
zich omkeren (vd hemellichamen)
Taal: Grieks

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tropē,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

τροπή, -ῆς, ἡ (< τρέπω), [in LXX: De 33:14, Jb 38:33, Wi 7:18, al. ;] a turning: esp. of the revolution of heavenly bodies, fig., Ja 1:17 (v.s. ἀποσκίασμα).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

τροπ-ή, ἡ,
  (τρέπω) turn, turning:
__I τροπαὶ ἠελίοιο:
__I.a ὅθι τροπαὶ ἠελίοιο apparently denotes a point on the horizon, probably the West or place where the sum sets (so 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 1787.20), Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.404.
__I.b each of two fixed points in the solar year, the solstices, first in Hesiodus Epicus, ἠελίοιο τροπῇς at the time of the (winter) solstice, “Op.” 479; μετὰ τροπὰς ἠελ. prev. work564,663 (with Doric. acc. pl. in -ᾰς); πεδὰ τὰς τροπάς Alcman Lyricus 33.5:—later the two solstices were distinguished as τροπαὶ θεριναί and χειμεριναί, Herodotus Historicus 2.19, Thucydides Historicus 7.16, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 767c, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 542b4ff, Galenus Medicus 6.405, etc. (rarely in sg., τροπὴ θερινή Aristoteles Philosophus “Meteorologica” 364b2, Geminus Astronomicus 1.13 ; τ. χειμερινή prev. work 15); τροπαὶ νότιοι Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 542b11 ; τ. βόρειοι, νότιοι, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.601a: —when τροπαί is used alone, it mostly refers to the winter solstice, but the sense is always determined by the context, see Hesiodus Epicus same places; περὶ ἡλίου τροπάς (i.e. χειμερινάς) Thucydides Historicus 8.39; εὐθὺς ἐκ τροπῶν Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 542b20 :—sometimes also of other heavenly bodies, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 39d; περὶ Πλειάδος δύσιν καὶ τροπάς Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 542b23, etc.; ἄστρων ἐπιτολάς, δύσεις, τροπάς Alexander Rhetor 30.5; τροπὰς τῶν ἐνδεδεμένων ἄστρων Aristoteles Philosophus “de Caelo” 296b4; τροπαὶ ἡλίου καὶ σελήνης Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 2p.40U.:—sometimes four in number (the two equinoxes and two solstices), Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 5.11, Galenus Medicus 17(1).22; so (on a sun-dial) θερινὴ τ., ἰσημερινὴ τ., χειμερινὴ τ., Ἀρχ.Δελτ. 12.236 (from Samos).
__I.2 turn, change, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1316a17; πλείους τραπόμενος τροπὰς τοῦ Εὐρίπου Aeschines Orator 3.90 ; τ. πρὸς τὸ βέλτιον turn for the better, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 2.25S.; ὀξυτέρας τρεπόμενος τ. τοῦ χαμαιλέοντος Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Alcibiades” 23; αἱ τοῦ κόλακος ὥσπερ πολύποδος τ. prev. author 2.52f; αἱ τῶ αἵματος τ. καὶ ἀλλοιώσιες Timaeus Locrus Philosophus 102c ; αἱ περὶ τὸν ἀέρα τ. changes in the air or weather, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.946f ; of wine, a turning sour, prev. work939f (compare τροπίας) ; going bad, of food, τ. καὶ διαφθορὰ τῶν παρακειμένων Galenus Medicus 19.208 ; of phonetic change in language, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Adverbiis;” 210.4, Hdn.Gr. 2.932.
__I.3 τροπαὶ λέξεως a change of speech by figures or tropes (τρόποι), Lucianus Sophista “Dem.Enc.” 6, compare Hermogenes Rhetor “περὶ εὑρέσεως” 4.10, al.
__I.4 αἱ τροπαί, ={αἱ τροπαῖαι}, alternating winds, Aristoteles Philosophus “Problemata” 940b16, 21, Theophrastus Philosophus “de Causis Plantarum” 2.3.1, “Vent.” 26.
__II the turning about of the enemy, putting to flight or routing him, τροπήν (or τροπάς) τινος ποιεῖν or ποιεῖσθαι put one to flight, Herodotus Historicus 1.30, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 246 (troch.), Thucydides Historicus 2.19, 6.69, etc. ; οἵαν ἂν τροπὴν Εὐρυσθέως θείμην (θείην codices) Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 743; τροπὴ γινομένη Herodotus Historicus 7.167, compare Thucydides Historicus 1.49, 50, etc.: poetry, ἐν μάχης τροπῇ Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1237 ; ἐν τροπῇ δορός in the rout caused by the spear, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1275, Euripides Tragicus “Rhesus” 82.
__III used by Democritus Epigrammaticus for θέσις, position, Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 985b17, 1042b14, compare Plotinus Philosophus 4.5.2, 4.5.6.
__IV a coin, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus ; compare τροπαϊκόν.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀνατρέπω G396 "omverwerpen, vernietigen, verwoesten"; Grieks ἀποτρέπω G665 "versmaden, vermijden"; Grieks ἐντρέπω G1788 "beschaamd maken, omkeren, iemand achten"; Grieks ἐπιτρέπω G2010 "overlaten, opdragen, overdragen, toelaten, toestaan"; Grieks εὐτραπελία G2160 "scherts, grap, humor, geestigheid, snaaksheid"; Grieks περιτρέπω G4062 "omdraaien, omkeren"; Grieks προτρέπομαι G4389 "aansporen, prikkelen"; Grieks στρέφω G4762 "draaien, wenden, omkeren"; Grieks τρέφω G5142 "voeden, onderhouden, voedsel geven, vetmesten, grootbrengen, koesteren"; Grieks τρόπος G5158 "tropoV";

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