G5181 Τύραννος
Tyrannus
Taal: Grieks

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Tyrannus (School v.),

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Tyrannos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

Τύραννος, -ου, ὀ Tyrannus: Ac 19:9.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

τύραννος ῠ, ὁ,
  also ἡ (see. below 1.2), an absolute ruler, unlimited by law or constitution, first in “hymnus ad Martem” 5 (unless the hymn is late) , where it is used of a god, Ἆρες,.. ἀντιβίοισι τύρανν; so ὁ τῶν θεῶν τ., of Zeus, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 736, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 564 (Lyric poetry) ; ὦ τύραννε τᾶς ἐμᾶς φρενός, i.e. Apollo, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 217 (Lyric poetry); σὺ δ᾽ ὦ τύραννε θεῶν τε κἀνθρώπων Ἔρως Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 136 ; Μὴν Τύραννος, a Phrygian deity worshipped in Attica, “IG” 22.1366.2(1st c.AD), al. ; οὔ, τὴν τ. (perhaps Hera), in an oath, Herodas Mimographus 5.77 : first used of monarchs in the time of Archilochus Lyricus (compare τυραννίς 1) acc. to Hippias 9 Demosthenes Orator; Φίττακον ἐστάσαντο τ. Alcaeus Lyricus 37 A; ἢν μή τις ἢ τ. ἢ σκηπτοῦχος ᾖ 7th-6th c.BC(?): Semonides Iambographus 7.69; λαγέτας τ. Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 3.85 ; interchangeable with βασιλεύς in Isocrates Orator 2.4 (compare 1), 35 (compare 36) ; later, chief, princeling, “OGI” 654.8 (Egypt, 1st c.BC) ; τ. ἴδιοι καθ᾽ ἕκαστον ἐμτπόριον “Periplus Maris Rubri 1st c.AD” 14: with gen., Κροῖσος.. τ. ἐθνέων τῶν ἐντὸς Ἅλυος Herodotus Historicus 1.6 ; Κλεισθένης ὁ Σικυῶνος τ., Ἱστιαῖος ὁ Μιλήτου τ., etc., prev. author 5.67, 7.10.γ, etc. ; ὁ τῶν Κυπρίων τ. Soranus Medicus 1.39 ; οἱ τ., of the Sicilian tyrants, Thucydides Historicus 1.14 ; of the Pisistratidae, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.5.33, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 13.5, “Pol.” 1275b36, compare Thucydides Historicus 6.54, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 182c; τὸν τ. κτανέτην “Scol.” 9.3 ; οἱ τ. the monarchical party, προδιδοὺς τοῖς τ. τὴμ πόλιν τὴν Ἐρυθραίων “IG” 12.10.32 : frequently in a bad sense, δημοφάγος τ. Theognis Elegiacus 1181, compare 823, Herodotus Historicus 3.80, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 510b, “Plt.” 301c, “R.” 569b, etc.; ὕβρις φυτεύει τύραννον Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 873 (Lyric poetry).
__2 in a wider sense, of members of the ruler's family, οἱ τ. 'the royal house', prev. author “Tr.” 316, compare “OC” 851, 2nd c.AD(?): Charito Scriptor Eroticus 1.2: ἡ τύραννος is used both of the queen herself and the king's daughter, princess, Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 809, “Med.” 42, 877, 1356, compare below 11 ; πρέπει γὰρ ὡς τ. εἰσορᾶν, of Clytemnestra, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 664; αὐτὴ.. τ. ἦ Φρυγῶν Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 204.
__3 metaphorically, ἵνα Δίκη τ. ᾖ that Justice may be supreme, Critias Philosophus, Tragicus, Elegiacus 25.6D.; Ερως τ. ἀνδρῶν Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 538 (Lyric poetry); Πειθὼ τὴν τ. ἀνθρώποις μόνην prev. author “Hec.” 816.
__4 golden-crested wren, Regulus cristatus, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 592b23; compare τροχίλος 1.2.
__II τύραννος, ον, as adjective, kingly, royal, τύραννα σκῆπτρα Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 761; τ. σχῆμα Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1169 ; τύραννα δρᾶν to act as a king, prev. author “OT” 588; ἡ τύραννος κόρη Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 1125 ; τύραννον δῶμα the king's palace, prev. author “Hipp.” 843 (Lyric poetry), etc.; τ. ἑστία prev. author “Andr.” 3 ; τ. δόμος the royal house, prev. author “Hel.” 478, etc. ; ἐς τύρανν᾽ ἐγημάμην into the royal house, prev. author “Tr.” 474.
__II.2 imperious, despotic, τ. πόλις Thucydides Historicus 1.122, 124; αἱ τ. φύσεις Lucianus Sophista “Ner.” 2. (Loan-word, probably from Phrygian or Lydian.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks κύριος G2962 "God, eigenaar, meester, bezitter";

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