G5337 φαῦλος
goedkoop, gemakkelijk, lichte, schamel, slecht, kwaad
Taal: Grieks

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faýlos̱,

LXX

φαῦλα Spr. 22:8, Job 6:3, 6:25 φαύλῃ Spr. 5:3; φαῦλοι Job 9:23; φαῦλος Spr. 29:9; φαύλους Spr. 13:6, 16:21


Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

φαῦλος, -η, -ον [in LXX: Pr 22:8 (עַוְלָה H5766) 29:9 (אֳבִיל H191), etc. ;] slight, worthless, of no account, both of persons and things in various shades of meaning (v. LS, s.v.), in NT, as freq. in cl., always with distinct moral reference (v. Ellic., Past. Epp., 203; Hort, Ja., 85; Tr., Syn., lxxxiv), worthless, bad: Jo 3:20, Tit 2:8, Ja 3:16; opp. to ἀγαθός (q.v.), Jo 5:29, Ro 9:11, II Co 5:10.†

SYN.: v.s. ἄθεσμος G113

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

φαῦλος, η, ον,
  also ος, ον Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 435, “fragment” 1083.9, Thucydides Historicus 6.21: (compare φλαῦρος) :— cheap, easy, slight, paltry, first found commonly in Euripides Tragicus, twicein Herodotus Historicus 1.26, 126 (Comp., elsewhereφλαῦρος), six times in Democritus Epigrammaticus, “fragment” 87, al., twice in Sophocles Tragicus, “Frr.” 41,771: adverb φαύλως once in Aeschylus Tragicus: Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 520.
__I of things, easy, slight, φ. ἀθλήσας πόνον Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 317 ; φαυλότατον ἔργον ''tis as easy as lying', Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 213; φ. πρᾶγμα prev. author “Lys.” 14; τὸ ζήτημα οὐ φ. Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 368c; φ. ἐρώτημα prev. author “Phlb.” 19a; φαῦλον αὐτοῖς προστάξομεν prev. author “R.” 423c: frequently with negative, οὐ φ., ἀλλὰ χαλεπὸν πιστεῦσαι prev. work 527d; μάχη οὐ φ. prev. author “Tht.” 179d; οὐ φ. τέχνη prev. author “Sph.” 223c ; οὔτοι βασιλέα φαῦλόν ἐστι κτανεῖν 'tis no slight matter to kill a king, Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 760 ; νυκτὸς γὰρ οὔτι φ. ἐμβαλεῖν στρατόν no easy matter, prev. author “Rh.” 285; οὐ φ. πληγαί Demosthenes Orator 54.13; φιλοῦσιν ἰατροὶ λέγειν τὰ φαῦλα μείζω Menander Comicus 497 ; φαῦλα ἐπιφέρειν bring paltry charges, Herodotus Historicus 1.26 ; τὰ φ. νικήσας ἔχω have gained petty victories, Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 41 (wrongly glossed by μέγα in Photius Legal icographus, etc., 1Suidas Legal icographus, and “Etymologicum Magnum” 789.43, cf. Hsch) ; σύμμαχον Τροίᾳ μολόντα Ῥῆσον οὐ φαύλῳ τρόπῳ, i. e. with no trivial force, Euripides Tragicus “Rhesus” 599; παρὰ φαῦλον ποιεῖσθαί τι Dionysius Halicarnassensis “Ars Rhetorica” 4.2, compare Libanius Sophista “Orationes” 14.26. adverb -λως εὑρεῖν, τυχεῖν, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 404 (troch.), 509 (anap.); φ. πάνυ prev. author “Lys.” 566 (anap.) ; φ. ἐκφυγεῖν to get off easily, prev. author “Ach.” 215 (Lyric poetry); φ. ἀποδράς prev. author “Th.” 711 (Lyric poetry); φαυλότατα καὶ ῥᾷστα prev. author “Nu.” 778 ; οὔτι φαύλως ἦλθε with no trivial force, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 112; φ. βοηθήσειν Demosthenes Orator 15.13; φαύλως καὶ γλίσχρως παρείχοντο χρήματα “Hellenica Oxyrhynchia” 14.2 ; τὰς ἐλπίδας φ. ἔχειν to be slight, Herodianus Grammaticus 1.3.1.
__I.2 simple, ordinary, δίαιτα Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀγμῶν” 36, “Art.” 49, Eur. “fragment” 213.4; σῖτα καὶ ποτὰ φαυλότατα Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.6.2, compare Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ διαίτης” 3.68 (Comp.) ; but frequently with sense poor, indifferent, στρατιά Thucydides Historicus 6.21 ; ἀσπίδες, τείχισμα, παρασκευή, prev. author 4.9.115, 6.31; ἱμάτιον Xenophon Historicus prev. cited adverb -λως, διατρίβειν ἐν φιλοσοφίᾳ Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 173c; μὴ φ. μηδὲ ἰδιωτικῶς prev. author “Lg.” 966e.
__I.3 mean, bad, πρῆξις Democritus Epigrammaticus 177; λόγοι Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 870, ψόγος prev. author “Ph.” 94 (perhaps both in signification 1.1 and in 1.3); οὐ φ. ὄψις Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 519a; φ. δόξα Demosthenes Orator 24.205; τὰ πράγματ᾽ ἐστὶ φ. prev. author 19.30; φαῦλα διαπεπραγμένος Philemo Comicus 229; ὁ φαῦλα πράττων NT.John.3.20; μηδὲ πραξάντων τι ἀγαθὸν ἢ φ. NT.Rom.9.11; τὸ φ. evil, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 390 ; τὰ φ., opposed to τὰ ἀγαθά, Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 4.47 ; τύχη φ., opposed to ἀγαθή, Aristoteles Philosophus “Physica” 197a26, compare “Metaph.” 1065a35; τὴν πόλιν μηθὲμ φ. παθεῖν “OGI” 765.35 (from Priene) ; κομίσασθαι.. εἴτε ἀγαθὸν εἴτε φ., of rewards and punishments, NT.2Cor.5.10; φ. μαίωσις Soranus Medicus 2.17, compare 1.91, al.
__II of persons, low in rank, mean, common, Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 688 ; οἱ φαυλότατοι the commonest sort (of soldiers), Thucydides Historicus 7.77 ; γάμος ὁ ἐκ τῶν φαυλοτέρων, opposed to ἐκ μειζόνων, Xenophon Historicus “Hiero” 1.27, compare Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 475b ; of outward looks, αἱ φαυλότεραι the plainer ones, Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 617, compare 626 (Comp., both anap.).
__II.2 inefficient, bad, διδάσκαλος Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 771.3 ; τὸ φ. καὶ τὸ μέσον καὶ τὸ πάνυ ἀκριβές the inefficient, the middling, and the perfect, Thucydides Historicus 6.18 ; φ. αὐλητής, opposed to ἀγαθός, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 327c; τοξότης prev. author “Tht.” 194a; οὐ δὲ φαύλων ἀνδρῶν οὐδὲ τῶν ἐπιτυχόντων prev. author “Cra.” 390d ; opposed to σπουδαῖος, Isocrates Orator 1.1, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 757a, etc. ; especially in point of education and accomplishments, opposed to σοφός, οἱ γὰρ ἐν σοφοῖς φαῦλοι παρ᾽ ὄχλῳ μουσικώτεροι λέγειν Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 989, compare “Ph.” 496, “Ion” 834, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 174c, Alcaeus1.129a; τὸ πλῆθος τὸ -ότερον Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 431 (Lyric poetry) ; οἱ -ότεροι, opposed to to οἱ ξυνετώτεροι, Thucydides Historicus 3.37 ; οἱ φαυλότεροι γνώμην prev. work 83; τὰ γράμματα φαῦλοι Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 242c (so in adverb, φαυλοτέρως πεπαιδευμένοι prev. author “Lg.” 876d) ; generally, inferior, prev. author “Grg.” 483c : with infinitive, φαῦλοι μάχεσθαι Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 305 ; φ. λέγειν, φ. διαλεχθῆναι, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 181b, “Prt.” 336c: of animals, φ. κύων Demosthenes Orator 26.22; φαυλότατοι ἵπποι Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 4.1.3.
__II.3 careless, thoughtless, indifferent, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 807: —especially in adverb, φαύλως ἐκρίνατε judged lightly, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 520; φ. εὕδειν Euripides Tragicus “Rhesus” 769; οὐχ ὧδε φ. prev. author “Ion” 1546 ; φ. παραινεῖν off-hand, prev. author “HF” 89 ; λόγισαι φαύλως μὴ ψήφοις ἀλλ᾽ ἀπὸ χειρός off-hand, roughly, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 656 (anapaest meter); φ. εἰπεῖν casually, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 449c ; φ. φέρειν to bear lightly, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 850, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 961.
__II.4 in good sense, simple, unaffected, φαῦλον, ἄκομψον, τὰ μέγιστ᾽ ἀγαθόν Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 473 (anap.), compare 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 3.63 . adverb -λως, παιδεύειν τινά by a very simple method, Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 13.4; φ. καὶ βραχέως ἀποκρίνασθαι Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 147c.
__II.5 of health, etc., φαύλως ἔχειν to be ill, Hippocrates Medicus “ἀφορισμοί” 2.32 ; φ. πράττειν to be in sorry plight, Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 165; φ. ἔχει τὰ πράγματα Demosthenes Orator 10.3, al.

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