G5343 φεύγω
feugw
Taal: Grieks

Statistieken

Komt 31x voor in 11 Bijbelboeken.

Zie hier voor een verklaring van de gebruikte coderingen.

Woordstudie

feygo̱,
Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

φεύγω [in LXX chiefly for נוּס H5127, also for בּרח H1272, etc. ;] to flee from or away, take flight: absol., Mt 8:33 26:56, Mk 5:14 14:50, Lk 8:34, Jo 10:12, Ac 7:29; seq. εἰς, Mt 2:13 10:23 24:16 (WH, txt.), Mk 13:14, Lk 21:21, Re 12:6; ἐπί, c. acc. loc., Mt 24:16 (WH, mg.); ἐκ, Ac 27:30; ἀπό, c. gen. loc. (cl.), Mk 16:8; id. c. gen. pers. (as in Heb.), Jo 10:5, Ja 4:7. Metaph.: absol., Re 16:20; c. acc. rei, I Co 6:18, He 11:34 (v. M, Pr., 116); opp. to διώκειν, I Ti 6:11, II Ti 2:22; seq. ἀπό, c. gen. pers., Re 9:6; ἀπὸ τ. προσώπου, Re 20:11; c. gen. rei, Mt 3:7 (M, Pr., l.c.) 23:33, Lk 3:7, I Co 10:14 (cf. ἀπο-, δια-, ἐκ-, κατα-φεύγω).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

φεύγω,
   Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.472, etc.: Ep. infinitive φευγέμεν, φευγέμεναι, 10.147, 21.13 ; imperfect ἔφευγον 22.158, etc., poetical φεῦγον 9.478, Tyrtaeus Elegiacus 5.8, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 9.13: iterative φεύγεσκον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.461, Herodotus Historicus 4.43 : future φεύξομαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.307, etc. ; also φευξοῦμαι in Euripides Tragicus and Comedy texts, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 341, 346, “Hel.” 500, 1041, “Ba.” 659, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 203 (codex R), 1129, “Pl.” 447, “Av.” 932 (ἀπο-), Menander Comicus 283 (but uncertain where found in Attic dialect Prose, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 635c, al., Demosthenes Orator 38.19 ; φευξεῖται is uncertain reading in “IPE” 12.24.11 (Olbia, 4th c.BC) ; future active ἐκ-φεύξω only late, variant in Aesopus Fabularum Scriptor 349b, cf. Chambry ii p.479): aorist ἔφῠγον, Ionic dialect φύγεσκον Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.316 : perfect πέφευγα Herodotus Historicus 7.154 codices (see. below 11.1a) ; optative πεφεύγοι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.609 (ἐκ-πεφευγοίην Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 840) , participle πεφευγότες Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.12 ; participle perfect passive πεφυγμένος in active sense, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.488, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.18, etc. (in Pass. sense, Epicurus Philosophus “Fragmenta” 423) ; Epic dialect πεφυζότες (compare φύζα) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.6, 528, 532, 22.1, later sg. πεφυζώς Nicander Epicus “Theriaca” 128 ; Aeolic dialect πεφύγγων, see at {φυγγάνω}:—middle, μὴ φεύγησθε Anon.Hist. in “PLit.Lond.” 115: aorist 1 δια-φεύξασθαι Decrees Athenaeus Epigrammaticus in Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιστολαί” 25.
__I absolutely, flee, take flight, opposed to διώκω, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.157, etc.; βῆ φεύγων ἐπὶ πόντον 2.665; πῇ φεύγει; 8.94; πόσε φεύγετ; 16.422; ποῖ φύγωμεν.. χθονό; Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 777 (Lyric poetry); ποῖ τις οὖν φύγ; Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 403 (Lyric poetry); ἐνθένδε ἐκεῖσε φ. Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 176b: with Preps., φ. ἀπό τινος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.120; φεύξονται ἀφ᾽ ἑαυτῶν εἰς φιλοσοφίαν Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 168a, etc. ; ἐκ πολέμοιο, ἐκ θανάτοιο, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.118, 20.350; ἐκ κακῶν πεφευγέναι Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 437, compare Herodotus Historicus 1.65; ὑπὲκ κακοῦ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.700, compare 17.461 (rarely with gen. only, πεφυγμένος ἦεν ἀέθλων (see. below 11) Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.18; τῆς νόσου πεφευγέναι Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1044); φ. ἐς πατρίδα γαῖαν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.140, 159, al. ; ἐπὶ Σάρδεων, ἐπὶ τὸν Ἑλικῶνα, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.2.1, “Ages.” 2.11; πρὸς τὸ ὄρος prev. author “HG” 3.5.19; ὑπὸ γᾶν Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 175 (Lyric poetry); ὑπὸ δελφῖνος ἰχθύες φ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.23, compare 554 (compare below 111.2): with acc. cogn., φύγε λαιψηρὸν δρόμον ran the course full swiftly, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 9.121; τίνα φυγὴν φευξούμεθ; Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 1041 ; φ. τὴν παρὰ θάλασσαν (i.e. ὁδόν) flee by the shore route, Herodotus Historicus 4.12; compare below 111 ; for φυγῇ φεύγειν, see below 11.1, φυγή 1.1.
__I.2 present and imperfect tenses properly express only the purpose or endeavour to get away: hence participle φεύγων is added to the compound Verbs καταφεύγω, ἐκφεύγω, προφεύγω, to distinguish the attempt from the accomplishment, βέλτερον, ὃς φεύγων προφύγῃ κακὸν ἠὲ ἁλώῃ it is better that one should flee and escape than stay and be caught, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.81; φεύγων ἐκφεύγει Herodotus Historicus 5.95, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 177; φ. καταφυγεῖν Herodotus Historicus 4.23.
__I.3 φ. εἰς.. have recourse to.. take refuge in.., ἐς τοὺς ἀφώνους μάρτυρας Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1076.
__I.4 with infinitive, shun or shrink from doing, Herodotus Historicus 4.76, Antipho Orator 1.13, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 26a ; with infinitive omitted, φεύγουσι γάρ τοι χοἱ θρασεῖς shrink back, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 580.
__II with accusative, flee, avoid, escape, Ἕκτορα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.327, etc.; φ. τινὰ ἐκ μάχης Herodotus Historicus 7.104; φ. ἐς τὴν Ἀσίην τοὺς Σκύθας prev. author 4.12; φ. θάνατον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.60; ἔνθ᾽ ἄλλοι μὲν πάντες, ὅσοι φύγον αἰπὺν ὄλεθρον, οἴκοι ἔσαν πόλεμόν τε πεφευγότες ἠδὲ θάλασσαν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.11 ; ἔφυγον κακόν, εὗρον ἄμεινον, formula used by μύσται, Demosthenes Orator 18.259 ; with modal dative, φ. ὄνειδος λόγοις, ἀμαχανίαν ἔργῳ, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 6.90, “P.” 9.92 ; avoid, shun, χρὴ.. φεύγειν τὰ παχύνοντα Galenus Medicus “περὶ λεπτυνούσης διαίτης - CMG” 12; τὴν ἀργίαν καὶ τὴν ἀκινησίαν τοῦ σώματος Soranus Medicus 1.93, compare 46, al. ; φόνον φ. flee the consequences of the murder, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 796; αἷμα συγγενὲς φ. χθονός prev. author “Supp.” 148; τὰν Διὸς μῆτιν φ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 906 (Lyric poetry); ὀσμὴν.., μὴ βάλῃ, πεφευγότες Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 412; φεύγων φυγῇ τὸ γῆρας Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 195b; ἐς πόντον.. φύγε πέτρας νηῦς Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.131 ; οὐδεμία πόλις πέφευγε (sed perhaps to be read ἀπέφυγε) δουλοσύνην πρὸς Ἱπποκράτεος at the hands of.., Herodotus Historicus 7.154 : participle perfect passive also retains the accusative in Homerus Epicus in periphrastic phrases, μοῖραν δ᾽ οὔ τινά φημι πεφυγμένον ἔμμεναι ἀνδρῶν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.488; πεφυγμένον ἔμμεν ὄλεθρον Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.455; οὔ οἱ νῦν ἔτι γ᾽ ἔστι πεφυγμένον ἄμμε γενέσθαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.219, compare “hymnus ad Venerem” 34: — but in passive sense, τὸ πάραυτα πεφυγμένον κακόν Epicur. prev. cited
__II.b seek to avoid, shirk, στρατείαν Demosthenes Orator 21.162; εἰ τοῦτο φεύξονται καὶ μὴ 'θελήσουσι ποιεῖν prev. author 20.138 ; so in aorist, ἢν φύγῃ τις, ζημιοῦν Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 717.
__II.2 of things, ἡνίοχον φύγον ἡνία escaped, slipped from his hands, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.465; Νέστορα δ᾽ ἐκ χειρῶν φύγον ἡνία 8.137, compare 11.128 ; τὸ φεῦγον the part which slips, Xenophon Historicus “de Equitandi ratione” 10.9, compare Hippocrates Medicus “κατ᾽ ἰητρεῖον” 9, Galenus Medicus 18(2).735: with double acc., ποῖόν σε ἔπος φύγεν ἕρκος ὀδόντων Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.350, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.64, etc.
__II.2.b of wine, 'go off', turn sour, Gp. 7.7.8.
__III flee one's country, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.478, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.259 ; οἱ φεύγοντες the exiles, Thucydides Historicus 1.24, Xenophon Historicus “Agesilaus” 7.6; πατρίδα φ. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.228, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.1.24; τὴν αὑτοῦ Thucydides Historicus 5.26; ἅπασαν τὴν Ἀθηναίων ξυμμαχίδα “IG” 12.10.30; φ. ἐξ Ἄργεος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.224, compare Thucydides Historicus 8.85 ; ἐξ Ἀθηνέων, ἐκ τῆς πατρίδος, Herodotus Historicus 6.103, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.3.3.
__III.2 φ. ὑπὸ Σκυθέων to be expelled, driven out by.. Herodotus Historicus 4.125 : but especially to be exiled, φ. ὑπὸ τοῦ δήμου prev. author 5.30, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.1.27 ; φ. ἐξ Ἀρείου πάγου by their sentence, Dinarchus Orator 1.44: also with acc., φ. Πεισιστρατίδας Herodotus Historicus 5.62.
__III.3 absolutely, go into exile, live in banishment, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1668 (troch.), Antipho Orator 2.2.9, Plato Philosophus “Menexenus” 242b; δύο ἔτη φευγέτω prev. author “Lg.” 867c ; φ. ἀειφυγίαν to be banished for life, prev. work 871d, al. ; φεόγειν Ἀμφίπολιν ἀειφυγίην “SIG” 194.3, compare 24 (Amphipolis, 4th c.BC) ; but also ἐν ἀειφυγίᾳ Plato Philosophus “Leges” 877e; φεύγων ἀπ᾽ οἴκων ἃς ἐγὼ φεύγω φυγάς Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 976 ; φεύγοντες being in exile, opposed to φυγόντες having gone into exile, Lysias Orator 14.33 ; with play on words, “μέχρι τίνος φεύξῃ, Ἀρκαδίω; καὶ ὅς, ἔς τ᾽ ἂν τοὺς ἀφίκωμαι οἳ οὐκ ἴσασι Φίλιππον” Duris Epigrammaticus 3 Josephus Historicus
__IV as law-term (mostly in present and imperfect, but compare Lysias Orator 12.4 (see. below)) , to be accused or prosecuted at law: ὁ φεύγων the accused, defendant, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 893, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 405b, etc.; opposed to διώκω, οὔτε φεύγων ἁλοὺς οὔτε διώκων ἡττηθείς Demosthenes Orator 23.66 ; with accusative, φ. γραφάς, δίκην, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 442 (Lyric poetry), “Nu.” 167; ὑπό τινος δίκας φ. Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 19c, compare Demosthenes Orator 49.1; οὐδενὶ πώποτε οὔτε ἡμεῖς οὔτε ἐκεῖνος δίκην οὔτε ἐδικασάμεθα οὔτε ἐφύγομεν Lysias Orator same place; φ. ἀπολογίας Aeschines Orator 3.201 ; the crime being added in genitive, φόνου δίκην φ. Antipho Orator 5.9; γραφὰς φ. παρανόμων Demosthenes Orator 18.235 ; more frequently with genitive only, φ. φόνου to be charged with murder, Lysias Orator 10.31, Lycurgus Orator 133, etc.; φ. δειλίας Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 1129; ξενίας prev. author “V.” 718 (anap.) ; with genitive of the penalty, ἐὰν.. φεύγῃ δεσμῶν “OGI” 218.92 (Ilium, 3rd c.BC) ; also περὶ θανάτου φ. Antipho Orator 5.95; φ. ἐπὶ μηνύσει τινός Andocides Orator 1.18 ; ἀσεβείας φ. ὑπό τινος is accused of impiety by.., Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 35d ; rarely of things, τὸ φεῦγον ψήφισμα the decree that is on its defence, the decree in question, Demosthenes Orator 23.58:—in Herodotus Historicus 7.214 αἰτίην φ. has the older sense, flee from a charge, quit one's country on account of a charge.
__IV.2 plead in defence, δεῖ τοί σε φεύγειν.. ὡς οὐκ ἔχουσι κῦρος οἱ νόμοι Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 390 ; ἔφευγε μὴ εἰδέναι pleaded ignorance, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 263 , (Cf. Latin fugio, Gothic biugan 'bend', etc.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀποφεύγω G668 "vluchten, ontsnappen"; Grieks διαφεύγω G1309 "ontsnappen"; Grieks καταφεύγω G2703 "wegvluchten"; Grieks Φύγελλος G5436 ""; Grieks φυγή G5437 "";

Commentaar

Zie de huisregels welk commentaar wordt opgenomen!


Mede mogelijk dankzij

Livius Onderwijs