G5475 χαλκός
koper, brons
Taal: Grieks

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Brons, Koper,

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Komt 5x voor in 4 Bijbelboeken.

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chal'kos, zn m, misschien van χαλαω G05465; via het idee van als een schaal uithollen (dit metaal wordt hoofdzakelijk voor dat doel gebruikt)



Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

χαλκός, -οῦ, ὁ [in LXX chiefly for נְחֹשֶׁת H5178 ;] copper: I Co 13:1, Re 18:12; by meton., of copper coin, Mt 10:9, Mk 6:8 12:41.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

χαλκός,
  Cretan dialect καυχός “GDI” 5011.4 (3rd c.BC) , ὁ:— copper, χ. ἐρυθρός Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.365; with reference to its polished surface, αἶθοψ, ἦνοψ, νῶροψ, φαεινός, 4.495, 16.408, 2.578, 12.151; Τρῶες.. χαλκῷ μαρμαίροντες 13.801; πεδίον.. λάμπετο χαλκῷ 20.156; τῆλε δὲ χ. λάμφ᾽ ὥς τε στεροπή 10.153, compare 11.65, 19.363; σάκος.. χαλκῷ παμφαῖνον 14.11 ; and of the ornaments of a house, χαλκοῦ τε στεροπήν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.72 ; of copper as the first metal that men learnt to smelt and work, τῶν δ᾽ ἦν χάλκεα μὲν τεύχεα, χάλκεοι δέ τε οἶκοι, χαλκῷ δ᾽ εἰργάζοντο, μέλας δ᾽ οὐκ ἔσκε σίδηρος Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 151 ; χ. ἐρυθρός (compare above) Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἑλκῶν” 17, Theophrastus Philosophus “de Lapidibus” 57, 3rd c.BC(?): Callixinus Historicus 1; χ. ἐρυθρὸς καὶ λευκός Theophrastus Philosophus “de Odoribus” 71; χ. Κύπριος Posidonius Historicus 52J., Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 1.102, compare Polyaenus Historicus 3.10.14 ; alloyed with tin to form bronze, the usual meaning of the word in Homerus Epicus (see. below 11) and frequently in later writers: σίδηρος δὲ καὶ χ. πολέμων ὄργανα Plato Philosophus “Leges” 956a, etc.; χ. κεκραμένος Dio Chrysostomus Sophista 28.3.
__II in Poets frequently for anything made of metal, especially of arms (hence Pindarus Lyricus calls it πολιός, the proper epithet of iron, “P.” 3.48) ; of offensive arms, ὀξέϊ χαλκῷ, νηλέϊ χ., of a spear, a sword, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.540, 3.292, al. ; of a knife, 1.236, al. ; of an axe, 13.180, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.244, al. ; of a fish-hook, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.408 ; of defensive arms, as the plates laid on a shield, 20.275 ; χαλκὸν ζώννυσθαι, of a warrior girding on his armour, 23.130; κεκορυθμένος, αἴθοπι χ. 4.495; ἐδύσετο νώροπα χ. 2.578 ; of both combined, πλάγχθη δ᾽ ἀπὸ χαλκόφι χαλκός the spear of bronze glanced off the helm of bronze, 11.351.
__II.2 of vessels, copper, cauldron, urn, 18.349, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.426 ; of a cinerary urn, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 758 ; collectively of bronze plate, χ. μυρίος, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 10.45; θάλαμον.., ὅθι νητὸς χρυσὸς καὶ χ. ἔκειτο Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.338, compare 13.19, 21.10, 62, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.226 ; used in payment of ransom, 22.50, compare 340, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.38.
__II.3 of a bronze mirror, Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 393, Callimachus Epicus “Lavacrum Palladis” 21, “Ap” 6.210 (Philetas) ; used as a burning-glass, Theophrastus Philosophus “de Igne” 73.
__II.4 collectively, copper money, “IPE” 12.24.15 (Olbia, 4th c.BC), NT.Matt.10.9, NT.Mark.12.41, compare ἰσόνομος 11 ; generally, money, opposed to κύαμοι, “IG” 14.423 ii 21 (from Tauromenium), compare “BGU” 822.12 (3rd c.AD), etc. ; χαλκοῦ σπάνις Men “Mon.” 156; χαλκὸν ἔχων πῶς οὐδὲν ἔχεις μάθε “Anthologia Graeca” 11.167 (Pollian.).
__II.5 ={χάλκωμα}, bronze plate or tablet, τὰν προξενίαν γράψαντας εἰς χαλκὸν ἀνθέμεν “IG” 9(1).682 (Corcyra, 4th c.BC) ; οὐετρανοὶ οἱ χωρὶς χαλκῶν, who have not received bronze copies of the privileges granted on discharge, “BGU” 113.5 (2nd c.AD), etc.
__II.6 a weight, 1/8 obol, Galenus Medicus 19.752.
__III χαλκοῦ ἄνθος, particles thrown off by copper when cooling, Hippocrates Medicus “γυναικεῖα” 1.104, Philo Mechanicus “(Belopoeica) Excerpte aus Philons Mechanik - Ath. Berl. Akad.” 102.34, Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 5.77.
__III.b χαλκοῦ λεπίς, small pieces that scale off under the hammer, prev. work78. (Perh. cf. Lith. geležìs 'iron'.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks χαλάω G5465 "ontspannen, loslaten"; Grieks χάλκεος G5470 ""; Grieks χαλκεύς G5471 ""; Grieks χαλκηδών G5472 ""; Grieks χαλκίον G5473 ""; Grieks χαλκολίβανον G5474 "";

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