G1380 δοκέω
denken, veronderstellen, schijnen, beschouwd worden
Taal: Grieks

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Woordstudie

do'keo, ww een verlengde vorm van een primair werkwoord, doko (alleen in bepaalde tijdsvormen in een plaatsvervanger gebruikt; cf de grondvorm van δεικνύω G01166 van dezelfde betekenis; TDNT - 2:232,178;


1. van mening zijn, denken, veronderstellen 2. schijnen, beschouwd worden, gerekend worden 3. mij dunkt, naar het mij voorkomt 3a) ik denk, oordeel: zo in dit geval 3b) ik vind het goed, ik heb besloten


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

δοκέω, -ῶ (< δόκος, opinion, < δέκομαι, Ion, form of δέχ-), [in LXX for טוֹב H2895, נָדַב H5068, etc. ;] 1. to be of opinion, suppose: Mt 24:44, Lk 12:40, He 10:29; c. inf., Mt 3:9, Lk 8:18 24:37, Jo 5:39 16:2, Ac 12:9 27:13, I Co 3:18 7:40 8:2 10:12 14:37, Ga 6:3, Phl 3:4, Ja 1:26; c. acc et inf., I Co 12:23, II Co 11:16; seq. ὅτι, Mt 6:7 26:53, Mk 6:49, Lk 12:51 13:2, 4 19:11, Jo 5:45 11:13, 31 13:29 20:15, I Co 4:9, II Co 12:19, Ja 4:5. 2. to seem, be reputed: Ac 25:27; c. inf., Mk 10:42, Lk 10:36 22:24, Ac 17:13 26:9, I Co 11:16 12:22, II Co 10:9, Ga 2:6, 9, He 4:1 12:11; οἱ δοκοῦντες, those of repute, Ga 2:2. Impers., it seems, c. dat. pers.; (a) to think: Mt 17:25 18:12 21:28 22:17, 42 26:66, Jo 11:56, He 12:10; (b) to please, seem good to: c. inf., Lk 1:3, Ac 15:22, 25, 23, 34.†

SYN. (δοκέω 1.): ἡγέομαι 2, νομίζω2, οἴομαι G3633; ἡ. and ν. properly express belief resting on external proof, ἡ. denoting the more careful judgment; δ. and οἴ. imply a subjective judgment which in the case of οἴ. is based on feeling, in δ. on thought (v. Schmidt, c. 17)

(δοκέω 2.): φαίνομαι G5316; φ., from the standpoint of the object, "expresses how a matter phenomenally shows and presents itself"; δ., from the standpoint of the observer, expresses one's subjective judgment about a matter (v. Tr., Syn., § lxxx; Cremer, 204).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

δοκέω
   Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.192, Attic. imperfect ἐδόκουν, Epic dialect δοκέεσκον “Anthologia Graeca” 5.298 (Agathias Historicus et Epigrammaticus) : —middle, δοκέοντο Oppianus Apamensis Epicus “Cynegetica” 4.296 : participle δοκεύμενος prev. work 109 : the future and other tenses are twofold:
__1 future δόξω and aorist 1 ἔδοξα Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 4.37, “hymnus ad Mercurium” 208, etc.: perfect δέδοχα inferred from pluperfect ἐδεδόχεσαν Dio Cassius Historicus 44.26 :—passive, aorist ἐδόχθην Polybius Historicus 21.10.8, etc., (κατ-) Antipho Orator 2.2.2 : perfect δέδογμαι Herodotus Historicus 8.100, etc. : pluperfect ἐδέδοκτο prev. author 9.74.
__2 regular forms (chiefly Trag., Comedy texts, and late Prose), future δοκήσω Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 388, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 562, etc. (once in Herodotus Historicus, 4.74) ; Doric dialect δοκησῶ or -ᾱσῶ Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 1.150: aorist ἐδόκησα, Epic dialect δόκ- Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.415, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 13.56, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 1041, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1485, etc. : perfect δεδόκηκα Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 309 (Lyric poetry) :— passive, aorist ἐδοκήθην Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 1417 (anap.) : perfect δεδόκημαι Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 5.19, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 763 (anap.), Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 726, also in Herodotus Historicus 7.16 .; but δεδοκημένος (which see) belongs to δέχομαι.
__I expect (Iterat. of δέκομαι, compare δέχομαι 11.3) : hence, think, suppose, imagine, (opposed to φρονέω, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 942 (Lyric poetry), Pherecrates Comicus 146.4):
__I.1 with accusative et infinitive, δοκέω νικησέμεν Ἕκτορα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.192; οὔ σε δοκέω πείθεσθαι Herodotus Historicus 1.8, compare 11, 27, al., Antipho Orator 2.4.5, etc.: rarely with infinitive omitted, δοκῶ.. οὐδὲν ῥῆμα.. κακὸν εἶναι Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 61 ; τούτους τι δοκεῖτε εἶναι Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.7.26 ; frequently in relating a dream or vision, τεκεῖν δράκοντ᾽ ἔδοξεν she thought a serpent produced young, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 527 ; ἐδόκουν αἰετὸν.. φέρειν methought an eagle was carrying, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 15; ὁρᾷς γὰρ οὐδὲν ὧν δοκεῖς σάφ᾽ εἰδέναι Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 259: with infinitive only, ἔδοξ᾽ ἰδεῖν methought I saw, prev. work 408; ἔδοξ᾽ ἀκοῦσαι Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 315e; ἔδοξ᾽ ἐν ὕπνῳ.. οἰκεῖν ἐν Ἄργει Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 44 (sometimes also, as in signification 11, ἐδοξάτην μοι δύο γυναῖκε.. μολεῖν Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 181; ἐν τῷ σταδίῳ.. μέ τις ἐδόκει στεφανοῦν Alexander Rhetor 272.4).
__I.1.b think to do, purpose, ὅταν δ᾽ ἀείδειν.. δοκῶ Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 16.
__I.2 absolutely, have or form an opinion, περί τινος Herodotus Historicus 9.65 ; mostly in parenthetic phrases, ὡς δοκῶ Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 264e ; δοκῶ alone, Herodotus Historicus 9.65, Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 47, Plato Philosophus “Parmenides” 126b ; πῶς δοκεῖ; to call attention to something remarked, τοῦτον, πῶς δοκεῖ; καθύβρισεν Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 446, compare “Hec.” 1160, Diphilus Comicus 96, etc.; πόσον δοκεῖ; Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 399.
__I.3 δοκῶ μοι I seem to myself, methinks, with infinitive, ἐγώ μοι δοκέω κατανοέειν τοῦτο Herodotus Historicus 2.93, etc.; ἡδέως ἄν μοι δοκῶ κοινωνῆσαί τινος Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.7.25, compare “Oec.” 6.11 ; οὔ μοι δοκῶ I think not.., Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 158e ; δοκῶ μοι parenthetic, prev. author “Thg.” 121d.
__I.3.b δοκῶ μοι I am determined, resolved, with infinitive present, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 177, etc. : with infinitive future, Aeschines Orator 3.53, etc. : with infinitive aorist, uncertain in Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 671, etc. : rarely without μοι, think fit, σὺ δ᾽ αὐτὸς ἤδη γνῶθι τίνα πέμπειν δοκεῖς Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 650.
__I.4 seem, pretend, with infinitive (with or without negative), ὁρέων μὲν οὐδέν, δοκέων δὲ ὁρᾶν uncertain reading in Alcman Lyricus 87; οὔτε ἔδοξε μαθέειν Herodotus Historicus 1.10; οὐδὲ γιγνώσκειν δοκῶν Pherecrates Comicus 163; τὰ μὲν ποιεῖν, τὰ δὲ δοκεῖν Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1314a39; ἤκουσά του λέγοντος, οὐ δοκῶν κλύειν Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 67; πόσους δοκεῖς.. ὁρῶντας.. μὴ δοκεῖν ὁρᾶ; prev. author “Hipp.” 462, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1146, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 4.5.6.
__I.5 passive, to be considered, δοκεῖσθαι οὕτω Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 612d ; τὰ νῦν δοκούμενα περί τινος the current opinions, prev. work 490a.
__I.6 middle, Oppianus Apamensis Epicus “Cynegetica” 4.296; δοκεύμενος.. ἀλύξειν prev. work 109.
__II of an Object, seem, with dative person et infinitive present, δοκέεις δέ μοι οὐκ ἀπινύσσειν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.342 ; δόκησε δ᾽ ἄρα σφίσι θυμὸς ὣς ἔμεν ὡς εἰ.. their heart seemed just as if.., felt as though.., 10.415: with infinitive future, seem likely, δοκέει δέ μοι ὧδε λώϊον ἔσσεσθαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.338 : with infinitive aorist (never in Homerus Epicus), τί δ᾽ ἂν δοκεῖ σοι Πρίαμος (i.e. ποιῆσαι); Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 935 ; seem or be thought to have done, especially of suspected persons, Thucydides Historicus 2.21 ; to be convicted, ἂν ἁλῷ καὶ δοκῇ τοὔργον εἰργάσθαι Demosthenes Orator 23.71.
__II.2 absolutely, seem, as opposed to to reality, τὸ δοκεῖν καὶ τὰν ἀλάθειαν βιᾶται Simonides Lyricus 76; οὐ δοκεῖν ἄριστος ἀλλ᾽ εἶναι θέλει Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 592, compare Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 527b; in full, τὸ δοκεῖν εἶναι Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 788 (anap.).
__II.3 seem good, be resolved on, εἰ δοκεῖ σοι ταῦτα prev. work 944; τοιαῦτ᾽ ἔδοξε τῷδε Καδμείων τέλει prev. author “Th.” 1030.
__II.4 frequently impersonal, δοκεῖ μοι it seems to me, methinks, ὥς μοι δοκεῖ εἶναι ἄριστα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.215 ; ὡς ἐμοὶ δοκεῖ as I think, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 369, etc. ; τὸ σοὶ δοκοῦν your opinion, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 487d: frequently in infinitive in parenthesis clause, ὡς ἐμοὶ δοκέειν to my thinking, Herodotus Historicus 9.113; δοκέειν ἐμοί prev. author 1.172; ἀλλ᾽, ἐμοὶ δοκεῖν, τάχ᾽ εἴσει Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 246, etc. ; without μοι, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.5.1.
__II.4.b it seems good to me, it is my pleasure, δοκεῖ ἡμῖν χρῆσθαι Thucydides Historicus 4.118, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1350 : frequently of a public resolution, τοῖσι Ἕλλησι δόξαι.. ἀπαιτέειν Herodotus Historicus 1.3, etc.; ἔδοξεν Ἀργείοισιν Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 605, compare “Th.” 1010 ; especially in decrees and the like, ἔδοξε τῇ βουλῇ, τῷ δήμῳ, Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 372, Thucydides Historicus 4.118, compare “IG” 1.32, etc.; τὰ δόξαντα Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 29, Demosthenes Orator 3.14; παρὰ τὸ δοκοῦν ἡμῖν Thucydides Historicus 1.84, etc. :—passive, δέδοκται Herodotus Historicus 4.68; οὕτω δέδοκτα; Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1277, etc.; εἰ ἐπαινῆσαι δεδόκηται Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 5.19; δεδόχθω τὸ ἄτοπον τοῦτο Plato Philosophus “Leges” 799e, etc.; τοῦτ᾽ ἐστ᾽ ἐμοὶ δεδογμένον Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 1; δεδογμέν᾽ ἐστί.. τήνδε κατθανεῖν Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 576, compare “OC” 1431; τὰ δεδογμένα Herodotus Historicus 3.76; δεδόχθαι τῇ βουλῇ καὶ τῷ δήμῳ “IG” 22.1.12, etc. with acc. abs., δόξαν when it was decreed or resolved, δόξαν αὐτοῖς ὥστε διαναυμαχεῖν Thucydides Historicus 8.79 ; δόξαν δέ σφι (i.e. λιπέσθαι) Herodotus Historicus 2.148; δόξαν ἡμῖν ταῦτα Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 314c, compare Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.1.13 ; ἰδίᾳ δοκῆσάν σοι τόδ᾽..; Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 129; also δεδογμένον αὐτοῖς Thucydides Historicus 1.125, etc.; but also δόξαντος τούτου Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.1.36; δόξαντα ταῦτα καὶ περανθέντα prev. work 3.2.19.
__II.5 to be reputed, with infinitive, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 13.56, “P.” 6.40; ἄξιοι ὑμῖν δοκοῦντες Thucydides Historicus 1.76 ; δοκοῦντες εἶναί τι men who are held to be something, men of repute, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 472a; τὸ δοκεῖν τινὲς εἶναι.. προσειληφότες Demosthenes Orator 21.213; τὸ φρονεῖν ἐδόκει τις εἶναι περιττός Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Aristides” 1; οἱ δοκοῦντες 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 28 (uncertain), Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 295 ; τὰ δοκοῦντα, opposed to τὰ μηδὲν ὄντα, prev. author “Tr.” 613; μετ᾽ ἀρετῆς δοκούσης ἐς ἀλλήλους γίγνεσθαι Thucydides Historicus 3.10 ; to be an established, current opinion, Aristoteles Philosophus “Analytica Posteriora” 76b24, al.; τὰ δοκοῦντα prev. author “Metaph.” 1088a16, al.: — passive, οἱ δεδογμένοι ἀνδροφόνοι those who have been found guilty of homicide, Demosthenes Orator 23.28; also αἱ δοκούμεναι Πέρσαις τέχναι Polemo Sophista “Callimachus” 60. (The two senses of δοκέω are sometimes contrasted, τὰ ἀεὶ δοκοῦντα.. τῷ δοκοῦντι εἶναι ἀληθῆ that which seems true is true to him who thinks it, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 158e; τὸ δοκοῦν ἑκάστῳ τοῦτο καὶ εἶναι τῷ δοκοῦντι prev. work 162c.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀποκαραδοκία G603 "hoofd (opgestoken)"; Grieks δόγμα G1378 "dogma, leerstelling, decreet, verordening"; Grieks δόκιμος G1384 "aanvaard, aannemelijk, aanvaardbaar, aangenaam"; Grieks δόξα G1391 "mening, oordeel, gezichtspunt, glorie, pracht, praal"; Grieks εὐδοκέω G2106 "welgevallen hebben aan, bereid zijn"; Grieks εὐδοκία G2107 "wil, keuze, vreugde, genoegen, voldoening";

Literatuur


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