G1520 εἷς
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Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

εἷς, μιά, ἕν, gen. ἑνός, μιᾶς, ἑνός, cardinal numeral, one; 1. one, as opp. to many: Mt 25:15, Ro 5:12, I Co 10:8, al.; as subst., Ro 5:15, Eph 2:14; id. c. gen. partit., Mt 5:19, al.; seq. ἐκ (ἐξ), Mk 14:18, Jo 6:8, al.; metaph., of union and concord, Jo 10:30 17:11, Ro 12:4, 5, Phl 1:27; ἀπὸ μιᾶς (B1., § 44, 1), Lk 14:18; c. neg., εἷς. . . οὐ (μή), more emphatic than οὐδείς, no one, none (cl.), Mt 5:18 10:29, Lk 11:46 12:6. 2. Emphati­cally, to the exclusion of others; (a) a single (one): Mt 21:24, Mk 8:14; absol., I Co 9:24, al.; οὐδὲ εἷς, Mt 27:14, Jo 1:3, Ro 3:10, al.; (b) one, alone: Mk 2:7 10:18, Lk 18:19; (c) one and the same: Ro 3:30, I Co 3:8 11:5 12:11, I Jn 5:8. 3. In late Gk., with weakened force, = τις or indef. art. (of. Heb. אֶחָד H259, Ge 22:13, al.; v. B1., § 45, 2; M, Pr., 96 f.): Mt 8:19 19:6, Re 8:13, al.; εἷς τις (Bl., l.c.), Lk 22:50, Jo 11:49 4. Distributively: εἷς καστος (cl.), Lk 4:40, Ac 2:6, al.; εἷς . . . καὶ εἷς (cl., εἷς μὲν . . . εἷς δέ), Mt 17:4, Mk 9:5, Jo 20:12, al. (cf. LXX and use of Heb. אֶחָד H259, Ex 17:12, al); ὁ εἷς . . . ὁ ἕτερος (ἄλλος) = cl. ὁ μὲν (ἕτερος) . . . ὁ δέ (ἕτερος), Mt 6:24, Lk 7:41, Re 17:10; καθ’ εἷς, εἷς κ. είς (in which καθ’ is adverbial, or the expression formed from the analogy of ἕν καθ’ ἔν; M, Pr., 105), one by one, severally: Mk 14:19, Ro 12:5, al.; εἷς τὸν ἕνα = ἀλλήλους (B1., 45, 2; M, Pr., 246), I Th 5:11. 5. As ordinal = πρῶτος (like Heb. אֶחָד H259; Bl., § 45, 1; M, Pr., 95 f.), first: Mt 28:1, Mk 16:2, al.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

εἷς, μίᾰ, ἕν
  (μίη only in late Ionic dialect Prose): genitive ἑνός, μιᾶς, ἑνός:—Epic dialect ἕεις Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 145, “Anthologia Graeca” 7.341 (Proclus Philosophus), conjecture in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.603 :—Doric dialect ἧς Rhinthon Comicus 12, “Tab.Heracl.” 1.136 :—Epic dialect, Aeolic dialect, and Ionic dialect feminine ἴᾰ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.354, probably in Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ νούσων” 4.37; acc. ἴαν Alcaeus Lyricus 33.6 (probably), Sappho Lyrica 69.1 (compare μηδεΐα), Corinna Lyrica “Supp.” 2.56, “IG” 9(2).517.22(Thess.); gen. ἰῆς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.173, 24.496; dat. ἰῇ 9.319, 11.174, etc. : neuter dative (ἰῷ κίον ἤματι) 6.422. (In Comedy texts οὐδὲ (μηδὲ) εἷς, οὐδὲ (μηδὲ) ἕν, occur, mostly at the end of an iambic trimeter, without elision, Cratinus Comicus 302, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 927, “Pl.” 37, 138, al.) (Orig. ἕνς, assim. ἔν (δ) probably in “Leg.Gort.” 9.50, from *εμς, Indo-European sem-(compare ὁμός); μία from sm-ί; ἴα is not related to μία, but probably to pronominal stem i-(Latin is), compareἰός.)
__1 as a Numeral, εἷς κοίρανος ἔστω Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.204, etc. ; strengthened, εἷς οἶος, μία οἴη, a single
__A one, one alone, 4.397, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.65; μία μούνη 23.227; εἷς μοῦνος Herodotus Historicus 1.119, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 1053, etc.; εἷς καὶ μόνος Dionysius Halicarnassensis 1.74; εἷς ὤν Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 247, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 894, etc.; opposed to πολύς, μία τὰς πολλὰς ψυχὰς ὀλέσασα Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1456, compare 1465, “Ch.” 299, etc.
__b emphatically with a superlative, εἷς οἰωνὸς ἄριστος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.243, etc.: frequently in Trag., εἷς ἀνὴρ πλεῖστον..πόνον παρασχών Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 327; πλείστας ἀνὴρ εἷς.. ἔγημε Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 460; κάλλιστ᾽ ἀνὴρ εἷς prev. author “OT” 1380; ἕνακριθέντ᾽ ἄριστον prev. author “Ph.” 1344 ; also in Prose, ἐπὶ πλεῖστον δὴ χλιδῆς εἷς ἀνὴρ ἀπίκετο Herodotus Historicus 6.127, compare Thucydides Historicus 8.68; Μυτιληναίους μάλιστα δὴ μίαν πόλιν prev. author 3.39; πάντων εἷς ἀνὴρ μεγίστων αἴτιος κακῶν Demosthenes Orator 18.143 : without a superlative, Ἐτεοκλέης ἂν εἷς πολὺς κατὰ πτόλιν ὑμνοῖθ᾽ Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 6.
__c in oppos., made emphatic by the Article, ὁ εἷς, ἡ μία, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.272, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.110, Plato Philosophus “Crito” 48a; τοῦ ἑνὸς οἱ δύο ἀγαθοὶ βελτίους Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1287b13, compare Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 6.22.
__d with a negative, εἷς οὐδείς no single man, Herodotus Historicus 1.32; ἓν οὐδὲ ἓν ἴαμα Thucydides Historicus 2.51 ; οὐκ ἐν ἄλλῳ ἑνί γε χωρίῳ in no other single country, prev. author 1.80 ; οὐχ εἷς, i.e. more than one, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 103, Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 96 ; εἷς οὐ.., εἷς μή.., emphatic for οὐδείς, μηδείς, Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 549, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.6.12 ; more emphatic, οὐδὲ εἷς, μηδὲ εἷς, see at {οὐδείς},{μηδείς}.
__e εἷς ἕκαστος each one, each by himself, Herodotus Historicus 1.123, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 332c, etc. ; αἴσθησις μία ἑνός (i.e. γένους) one of each, Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1003b19: pl., ἑκάτεροι ἕνες “POxy.” 276.8 (1st c.AD).
__f with κατά, καθ᾽ ἓν ἕκαστον each singly, piece by piece, Herodotus Historicus 1.9, etc. ; καθ᾽ ἕν one by one, Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 217a, etc. ; καθ᾽ ἕν, τό, list, Elephantine Papyri 20.7 (3rd c.BC), etc. ; καθ᾽ ἕν᾽ ἡμῶν ἕκαστον ἀποστερεῖν to deprive each of us singly, Demosthenes Orator 21.142, compare Menander Comicus “Ἐπιτρέποντες” 164, 186 ; εἷς κατὰ εἷς one by one, NT.Mark.14.19; but καθ᾽ ἓν γίγνεσθαι, εἶναι, to be united, Thucydides Historicus 8.46, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.2.16.
__g with other Preps., ἓν ἀνθ᾽ ἑνός above all, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 331b, “Phlb.” 63c ; but μίαν ἀντὶ μιᾶς alternately, PStrassb. 25.13 , etc.; ἐπὶ μίαν ἑκάστην ῥάβδον τιθέντες θεσπίζουσι one by one, separately, Herodotus Historicus 4.67; ἐπὶ ἑνός Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 157a; ἓν ἐφ᾽ ἑνί prev. author “Sph.” 229b, “Lg.” 758b: ἓν πρὸς ἕν, with or without συμβάλλειν, in comparisons, Herodotus Historicus 4.50, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 647b; πρὸς ἕν᾽ εἷς Demosthenes Orator 21.131: παρ᾽ ἕνα alternately, Lucianus Sophista “Salt.” 12; εἰς ἓν συναγαγεῖν Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 1640; ἰσχὺς τοσαύτη εἰς ἓν ξυστᾶσα Thucydides Historicus 6.85; εἰς ἓν μοίρας συνέκυρσας Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 1172; ἐς μίαν βουλεύειν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.379; in full, ἐς μίαν βουλήν Thucydides Historicus 5.111; εἰς μίαν νοεῖν Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 5.9; ἓν ἐξ ἑνὸς ἐπισεσώρευκεν Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 1.10.5, compare Lucianus Sophista “Asin.” 54 ; ἀπὸ μιᾶς with one accord, NT.Luke.14.18; ὑφ᾽ ἕν at once, Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 10.124; also ὑφ᾽ ἓν θέσθαι τὸ ὂν τῷ μὴ ὄντι Plotinus Philosophus 6.2.1 ; compare ὑφέν.
__h in compound numerals, as an ordinal, τῷ ἑνὶ καὶ τριηκοστῷ ἔτει Herodotus Historicus 5.89, compare Thucydides Historicus 8.109, etc. ; so in Attic dialect Inscrr., “IG” 2.660.30, al.,: later εἷς alone,=first, LXX.Gen.1.5; μιᾷ τοῦ μηνός prev. work 8.13.
__i μίαν μίαν, ={κατὰ μίαν}, Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 201; εἷς εἷς LXX.1Ch.24.6. +5th c.BC+
__i.2 one, i.e. the same, τώ μοι μία γείνατο μήτηρ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.238, etc. ; εἷς καὶ ὁ αὐτός one and the same, ἓν καὶ ταὐτὸν ἀριθμῷ Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1039a28, etc.; ὑπὸ μίαν καὶ τὰν αὐτὰν ἀρχάν Perictione Philosophus cited in Stobaeus, Joannes 3.1.121; ταὐτὸν καὶ ἕν Aristoteles Philosophus “Physica” 201b3; so ἓν καὶ ὅμοιον Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 271a; εἷς καὶ κοινός Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.699f: with dat., ἐμοὶ μιᾶς ἐγένετ᾽ ἐκ ματρός Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 156; ἐκ μιᾶς οἰνοχόης Ἐπικούρῳ πεπωκότες Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.1089a.
__i.2.b possessing unity, ἧττον μία ἡ μίμησις ἡ τῶν ἐποποιῶν Aristoteles Philosophus “Poetica” 1462b3; λίαν ἓν ποιεῖν τὴν πόλιν prev. author “Pol.” 1263b7; τὰ κυρίως ἕνα Damascius Philosophus “de Principiis” 437.
__i.3 one, opposed to another, ἓν μὲν..ἓν δὲ.. Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1139a6, “Pol.” 1285b38, etc.; ὁ μὲν..εἷς δὲ..εἷς δ᾽ αὖ.. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.421 {εἷσα}, compare Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 369d; εἷς μὲν..ἕτερος δὲ.. Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.7.23.
__i.4 indefinitely, εἷς τις some one, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 118, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 471e, etc.; ἐξ ἑνός γέ του τρόπου Thucydides Historicus 6.34; rarely τις εἷς Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 269, Plato Philosophus “Parmenides” 145d ; εἷς γάρ τις ἦν ἕκαστος οὑξειργασμένος each single one was suspected, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 262; εἷς ὁστισοῦν Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1325b28 ; εἷς ὁ πρῶτος, \{1st c.BC-1st c.AD\}: Germanicus Caesar Epigrammaticus der erste beste, Isaeus Orator 8.33, Demosthenes Orator 1.9, compare Lucianus Sophista “Herm.” 61 : alone, like our indefinite Article, a, an, Κάδμου θυγατέρων μιᾷ Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 917 ; εἷς κάπηλος, στρατηγός, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 1292, Thucydides Historicus 4.50; εἷς Ἀθηναίων Demosthenes Orator 21.87, cf. LXX.Gen.21.15, NT.Matt.21.19, etc.; εἷς ἀπό.. LXX.Lev.6.3(22).
__i.5 οὐχ εἷς many, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 103, Callimachus Epicus “Hymnus in Dianam” 33 ; οὐχ εἷς οὐδὲ δύο not one or two only, Demosthenes Orator 29.12 ; οὐ μίαν οὐδὲ δύο not once nor twice, LXX.4Ki.6.10; ἓν ἢ καὶ δύο ληφθὲν μαρτύριον Polybius Historicus 2.38.10; εἷς ἢ δεύτερος Julianus Imperator “Orationes” 6.190d: proverbial, εἷς ἀνὴρ οὐδεὶς ἀνήρ+2nd c.BC+ one man's no man, Dio Chrysostomus Sophista 48.10.
__i.6 in Mathematics texts, τὸ ἕν unity, opposed to πλῆθος, Pythagoras Philosophus “fragment” 5, etc.: pl., ἕνα units, Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1056b21; ὁ ἀριθμός ἐστιν ἕνα πλείω prev. author “Ph.” 207b7; τῶν προτέρων ἑνῶν Damascius Philosophus “de Principiis” 460.
__i.7 Philos., ἕν, τό, unity, the One, ἐκ πάντων ἓν καὶ ἐξ ἑνὸς πάντα 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 10, compare Empedocles Poeta Philosophus 17.1, etc. : later indeclinable, ἓν εἶναι τοῦ ἓν παρουσίᾳ Plotinus Philosophus 6.6.14, compare 5.5.5.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἑνότης G1775 "eenheid, eensgezindheid"; Grieks μηδείς G3367 "opdat niemand, niets"; Grieks μία G3391 "iemand"; Grieks οὐδείς G3762 "niemand, niets";

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