G1839 ἐξίστημι
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existi̱mi,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἐξ-ίστημι (also in Hellenistic -ιστάνω, Act 8:9), [in LXX forחרד H2730, etc. (29 words in all) ;], 1. causal in pres., impf., fut., 1 aor., to put out of its place; metaph., ἐ. τινά φρενῶν (Eur.), to drive one out of his senses, hence, absol., to confound, amaze: c. acc pers., Lk 24:22, Ac 8:9, 11. 2. Intr. in pass. and mid., also in 2 aor., pf., plpf. act., seq. ἐκ or c. gen., to stand aside from, retire from; esp. τ. φρενῶν,to lose one's senses (Eur.), hence, absol.; (a) to be beside oneself, be mad: Mk 3:21, II Co 5:13 (opp. to σωφρονεῖν); (b) to be amazed, confounded: Mt 12:23, Mk 2:12 5:42 6:51, Lk 2:47 8:56, Ac 2:7, 12 8:13 9:21 10:45 12:16 (Cremer, 309).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἐξίστημι,
  causal in present, imperfect, future, aorist 1:—displace: hence, change, alter utterly, τὰν φύσιν Timaeus Locrus Philosophus 100c, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1119a23, compare Plotinus Philosophus 6.2.7; τὴν πολιτείαν Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Cicero” 10; ἐ. τῆς ποιότητος τὸν οἶνον prev. author 2.702a.
__2 metaphorically, ἐξιστάναι τινὰ φρενῶν drive one out of his senses, Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 850; νοῦ οἶνος ἐξέστησέ με Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 265; τοῦ φρονεῖν Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.3.12; ταῦτα κινεῖ, ταῦτα ἐξίστησιν ἀνθρώπους αὑτῶν Demosthenes Orator 21.72 ; simply ἐ. τινά drive one out of his senses, confound, amaze, Hippocrates Medicus “Κωακαὶ προγνώσιες” 429; ἐξιστάντα καὶ φοβοῦντα τοὺς ἀνθρώπους Musonius Philosophus “fragment” 8p.35H.; ἐξίστησι diverts the attention, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1408b23 ; excite, prev. work 36, NT.Luke.24.22 ; τὸν λογισμόν, τὴν διάνοιαν, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Solon” 21, “Crass.” 23; also ἐ. τινὰ τῶν λογισμῶν prev. author “Fab.” 5; εἰς ἀπάθειαν ἐ. τὴν ψυχήν prev. author “Publ.” 6.
__3 get rid of, dispose of the claims of a person, “Sammelb.” 5246.14 (1st c.BC), etc.
__4 ἐξεστᾰκότα (ἐξεστηκότα codex): εἰς δίκην κεκληκότα, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus
__B intransitive in passive and middle, with aorist 2, perfect, and pluperfect active:
__B.1 of Place, arise out of, become separated, ἐξ.. ἵστατο Νεῖκος Empedocles Poeta Philosophus 36, compare 35.10 ; stand aside from, ἐκστάντες τῆς ὁδοῦ out of the way, Herodotus Historicus 3.76; ἐκ τοῦ μέσου Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.5.14 ; θάκων καὶ ὁδῶν ἐ. τινί stand out of the way forhim, make way for him, prev. author “Smp.” 4.31; ἐκστῆναί τινι Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1053, “Aj.” 672, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 354, etc. : absolutely, in same sense, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 1229 (troch.), Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 617, etc.: metaph., ἐξ ἕδρας σοι πλόκαμος ἐξέστηχ᾽ is displaced, disordered, Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 928; οὐδὲ μένει νοῦς.. ἀλλ᾽ ἐξίσταται Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 564.
__B.2 with accusative, shrink from, shun, νιν οὐκ ἂν ἐξέστην ὄκνῳ prev. author “Aj.” 82; οὐδέν᾽ ἐξίσταμαι Demosthenes Orator 18.319; οὐδένα πώποτε κίνδυνον ἐξέστησαν prev. author 20.10.
__B.3 go out of joint, ἐ. ἰσχίον Hippocrates Medicus “ἀφορισμοί” 6.59, compare “Fract.” 14, 6.
__B.II with genitive of things, retire from, give up possession of, τῆς ἀρχῆς Thucydides Historicus 2.63, 4.28 ; ἐκστῆναι τῆς οὐσίας, ἁπάντων τῶν ὄντων, become bankrupt, Antipho Orator 2.2.9, Demosthenes Orator 36.50; τῶν ὑπαρχόντων “BGU” 473.11 (2nd c.AD).
__B.II.2 cease from, abandon, τῆς φιλίας, τῶν μαθημάτων, Lysias Orator 8.18, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.3.54 ; τῶν σπουδασμάτων Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 249c, etc.; οἱ τῶν πολιτικῶν ἐξεστηκότες Isocrates Orator 4.171; τῆς ὑποθέσεως Demosthenes Orator 10.46 ; τῶν πεπραγμένων, i.e. disown them, prev. author 19.72; ἐ. τινὸς εἴς τι Plato Philosophus “Leges” 907d ; also ἐ. ἄθλου τινί, στρατηγίας τινί, abandon it in his favour, Nicolaus Damascenus Historicus 73J., Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Nicias” 7; τῆς Σικελίας τινι prev. author “Pomp.” 10.
__B.II.3 ἐκστῆναι πατρός lose one's father, give him up, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 477 ; καρδίας ἐξίσταμαι τὸ δρᾶν I depart from my heart's purpose, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1105 ; especially φρενῶν ἐκστῆναι lose one's senses. Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 1021, etc.; διὰ τὸ γῆρας τοῦ φρονεῖν Isocrates Orator 5.18; ἐμαυτοῦ Aeschines Orator 2.4, Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 276; ψυχὴ ἐξεστηκυῖα τῶν λογισμῶν Polybius Historicus 32.15.8 : absolutely, to be out of one's wits, be distraught, ἐ. μελαγχολικῶς Hippocrates Medicus “προρρητικόν” 1.18, compare Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 64, etc.; ἐξέστην ἰδών Philippides Comicus 27; ἐ. ὑπὸ γήρως “Comica Adespota” 860 ; ταῖς διανοίαις Vett. Val.70.25; ἐξίστασθαι καὶ μαίνεσθαι πρὸς τὴν ὀσμήν Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 577a12 ; of anger, εὐθέως ἐξστησόμενος Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Ir.” p.78 W. ; to be astonished, amazed, NT.Matt.12.23, NT.Mark.2.12, etc.; lose consciousness, of Sisera, LXX.Josh.4.21.
__B.II.4 ἐξίστασθαι τῆς αὑτοῦ ἰδέας depart from, degenerate from one's own nature, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 380d; ἐκ τῆς αὑτοῦ φύσεως Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 488b19; δημοκρατία ἐξεστηκυῖα τῆς βελτίστης τάξεως prev. author “Pol.” 1309b32 ; αἱ δημοκρατίαι ἐ. εἰς τὰς ἐναντίας πολιτείας degenerate into.., prev. work 1306b18, compare “Rh.” 1390b28: abs., ἐ. μὴ μεταφυτευόμενον Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 6.7.6, etc., compare Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.649e; χυμὸς ἐξιστάμενος changing its properties, turning, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 24 ; οἶνος ἐξεστηκώς or ἐξιστάμενος changed, sour wine, Demosthenes Orator 35.32, Theophrastus Philosophus “de Causis Plantarum” 6.7.5 ; πρόσωπα ἐξεστηκότα disfigured faces, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 5.2.34.
__B.II.5 absolutely, change one's position, one's opinion, ἐγὼ μὲν ὁ αὐτός εἰμι καὶ οὐκ ἐξίσταμαι Thucydides Historicus 2.61: opposed to ἐμμένειν τῇ δόξῃ, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1151b4.
__B.II.6 of language, to be removed from common usage, prev. author “Rh.” 1404b13.
__B.III stand out, project, ἐξεστηκός convex, opposed to κοῖλον, prev. author “HA” 493b4.

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