G2036 ἔπω
spreken, zeggen
Taal: Grieks

Statistieken

Komt 951x voor in 16 Bijbelboeken.

Zie hier voor een verklaring van de gebruikte coderingen.

Woordstudie

'epo, ww een primair werkwoord; alleen maar in de verleden tijd gebruikt, de andere tijden worden geleend van ἐρέω G02046 en ῥέω G04483 en φημί G05346;


spreken, zeggen


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

λέγω, [in LXX very freq., chiefly for אמר H559; λέγει for נְאֻם H5002, Ge 22:16, al.;] 1. in Hom., to pick out, gather, reckon, recount. 2. In Hdt. and Att., to say, speak, affirm, declare: absol., Ac 13:15 24:10; seq. orat. dir., Mt 9:34, Mk 3:11, Jo 1:29, al.; seq. ὅτι recit., Mk 3:21, Lk 1:24, Jo 6:14, al.; acc. et. inf., Lk 11:18, Jo 12:29, al.; after another verb of speaking, προσφωνεῖν κ. λέγειν, Mt 11:17, al.; ἀπεκρίθη (ἐλάλησεν) λέγων (καὶ λέγει; Dalman, Words, 24 ff.), Mt 25:9, Mk 3:33, 7:28, Lk 24:6, 7, al.; of unspoken thought, λ. ἐν ἑαυτῷ, Mt 3:9, Lk 3:8, al.; of writing, II Co 8:8, Phl 4:11, al.; λέγει ἡ γραφή, Ro 4:3, Ja 2:23, al.; c. acc. rei, Lk 8:8 9:33, Jo 5:34, al.; σὺ λέγεις (a non-committal phrase; Swete, Mk., 359, 369 f.), Mt 27:11, Mk 15:2, Lk 23:3, Jo 18:37; c. dat. pers., seq. orat. dir., Mt 8:20, Mk 2:17, al. mult.; id. seq. ὅτι, Mt 3:9, al.; c. prep., πρός, μετά, περί, etc., Mk 4:41, Jo 11:56, He 9:5, al.; to mean (cl.), Mk 14:71, Jo 6:71, I Co 10:29, al.; to call, name, Mk 10:18; pass., Mt 9:9, Mk 15:7, al (cf. ἀντι-, δια- (-μαι), προ-, συλ-λέγω).

SYN.: λαλέω, which refers to the utterance, as λέγω to the meaning of what is said, its correspondence with thought (Tr., Syn., Ixxvi; Thayer, s.v. λαλέω).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

εἶπον
  (present ἔπω is used by Nicander Epicus “Alexipharmaca” 429, 490, etc., but the present in use is φημί, λέγω, ἀγορεύω (see. infr. IV), the future ἐρέω, ἐρῶ, the perfect εἴρηκα), Epic dialect and Lyric poetry ἔειπον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.552, al., Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 4.25 ; subjunctive εἴπω (Epic dialect εἴπωμι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 22.392, -ῃσθα 11.224, -ῃσι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.87) ; optative εἴποιμ; infinitive εἰπεῖν, Epic dialect -έμεναι, -έμεν, 7.375, 9.688, Doric. εἴπην (see. below) ; participle εἰπών: also aorist 1 εἶπα (ἔειπα Empedocles Poeta Philosophus 17.15, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 22.153), ὅπερ εἶπα as I said, 1st c.BC(?): Satyrus Epigrammaticus “Vit.Eur.fragment” 39 xvii 14, mostly in Ionic dialect Prose, also Menander Comicus “Περικειρομένη” 128, Herodas Mimographus 3.26, “UPZ” 62.14 (2nd c.BC) , and the 2nd pers. indicative and imperative of this form are preferred in Attic dialect, 2nd pers. singular indicative εἶπας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.106, 108, etc. ; imperative εἶπον (on the accent see Hdn.Gr. 1.460) Simonides Lyricus 154, Plato Philosophus “Meno” 71d, Menander Comicus 891, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 14.11, εἰπάτω (ἀν-ειπάτω “IG” 22.1186.19 (4th c.BC), but ἀν-ειπέτω prev. work1247.13 (3rd c.BC)) , -ατον, -ατ; 3rd.pers. plural εἶπαν “SIG” 333.3 (Samos, 4th c.BC), later εἴπασαν “IG” 7.2225.51 (from Thisbe) ; participle εἴπας Philemo Comicus 42 , Aeolic dialect εἴπαις Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 8.46, compare Aelius Dionysius Grammaticus “fragment” 156 ; in compounds middle ἀπείπασθαι (which see), διείπασθαι (which see), but never in good Attic dialect: (reduplicate aorist 2 from ϝεπ- 'say'; ϝείπην only conjecture in Alcaeus Lyricus 55, Sappho Lyrica 28.2; ϝεῖπαι “Leg.Gort.” 8.15 ; with ἔ- (ϝ) ειπον cf. Sanskrit avocam, reduplicate aorist of vac- 'say'; compare ἔπος):—speak, say, ὣς εἰπών Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.68, etc.; τινί 17.692, etc.; εἰς ἅπαντας Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 303 ; εἰπεῖν ἔν τισιν or μετά τισιν speak among a number, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.445, 3.85, etc.: with acc. cogn., ἔπος, μῦθον, θεοπρόπιον, οὐνόματα, etc., 3.204, 1.552, 85, 17.260, etc. ; τινί τι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.169, al. ; τι Alcaeus Lyricus, Sappho Lyrica same places, etc.; τι ἔς or πρός τινα, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 487, “Aj.” 292 ; εἰπεῖν περί τινος, ἀμφί τινι, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.347, 14.364: with gen., πατρός τε καὶ υἱέος of them, 11.174 ; εἰπεῖν ὅτι or ὡς to say that.., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.655, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 22.373, etc. : but also with infinitive, Herodotus Historicus 2.30, Thucydides Historicus 7.35, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 473a, etc. b. recite, ἔπη prev. author “Ion” 535b.
__2 in parenthesis, ὡς ἔπος εἰπεῖν so to say, limiting a general statement, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 714, etc. ; speaking loosely, opposed to ὄντως, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 656e ; opposed to ἀκριβεῖ λόγῳ, prev. author “R.” 341b; ὡς εἰπεῖν Thucydides Historicus 3.38, al., Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 258e, al.; ὡς ἀξίως εἰπεῖν Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 651b36: without ὡς, οὐ πολλῷ λόγῳ εἰπεῖν Herodotus Historicus 1.61; ἐς τὸ ἀκριβὲς εἰπεῖν Thucydides Historicus 6.82; σχεδὸν εἰπεῖν Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 237c: καθόλου εἰπεῖν Aristoteles Philosophus “Categoriae” 12a27; ἡ ἁπλῶς εἰπεῖν ἀπόδειξις prev. author “APo.” 75b23 ; τὸ ξύμπαν εἶπαι, εἰπεῖν, Herodotus Historicus 7.143, Thucydides Historicus 1.138.
__3 εἴποι τις as one might say, uncertain reading in Polybius Historicus 15.35.1; ὥσπερ εἴποι τις Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 180 (assuming variant); ὡς εἴποι τις Dio Chrysostomus Sophista 64.5 (assuming variant).
__II with accusative person, address, accost one, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.210, etc.
__II.2 name, mention, prev. work 1.90, etc.
__II.3 call one so and so, πολλοί τέ μιν ἐσθλὸν ἔειπον Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.334, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 43, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 465, etc.
__II.4 with double accusative person et of things, tell or proclaim so of one, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.479 (where ἀνιόντα depends on εἴποι) ; εἰπεῖν τινα ὅτι.. Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 14.22; ἀτάσθαλόν τι εἰ. τινά Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 22.314; κακὰ εἰ. τινά Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 649; μηδὲν φλαῦρον εἰ. τ. prev. author “Nu.” 834; ἐῢ εἰ. τινά Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.302 ; εἰ. τεθνεῶτ᾽ Ὀρέστην speak of him as dead, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 682.
__II.5 celebrate, of poets, Αἴαντος βίαν “Anthologia Graeca” 7.2.6 (Antip. Sid.).
__III with dative person et infinitive, order or command one to.., Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.76, 22.262, etc.; also εἰπεῖν πρός τινα, with infinitive, 16.151 : with accusative et infinitive, εἶπον τὰς παῖδας δεῦρ᾽ ἄγειν τινά Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 932, compare Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 59e, Herodas Mimographus 6.26: followed by ἵνα , frequently in <
__IV propose, move a measure in the assembly, εἰπὼν τὰ βέλτιστα Demosthenes Orator 3.12; εἰπεῖν τὰ δέοντα prev. work15; εἶπε ψήφισμα prev. author 24.11 : frequently as a formal prefix to decrees and laws, Λάχης εἶπε Thucydides Historicus 4.118, compare “IG” 12.24, al. ; compare ἀγορεύω.
__V plead, δίκην Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.508; δικίδιον Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 347.
__VI promise, offer, χρυσὸν εἶφ᾽ ὃς ἂν κτάνῃ Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 33.
__VII imperative εἰπέ sometimes used in addressing several persons, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 328, “Av.” 366, Demosthenes Orator 4.10.
ἔπω,
  
__A say, call, name, ἤν Πέρσειον ἔπουσιν Nicander Epicus “Alexipharmaca” 429, compare 490, “Th.” 508. (Prob. invented by Nicander Epicus, as _present_ of εἶπον.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀντέπω G471 "tegenspreken"; Grieks ἀπειπόμην G550 "uitspreken, verbieden, afzweren, afwijzen, weigeren"; Grieks ἔπος G2031 "woord (gesproken)"; Grieks ἐρέω G2046 "zeggen, spreken"; Grieks λέγω G3004 "zeggen, spreken"; Grieks προέπω G4277 "van te voren zeggen"; Grieks ῥέω G4483 "spreken (zullen)";

Literatuur


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