G2065 ἐρωτάω
betwijfelen, vragen
Taal: Grieks

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ero̱tao̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἐρωτάω, -ῶ [in LXX chiefly for שָׁאַל H7592 ;] 1. to ask, question (cl.): absol., Lk 19:31 22:68, Jo 8:7 c. acc pers., Jo 9:21 16:19, 30 18:21; seq. λέγων, Mt 16:13, Lk 23:3, Jo 1:19, 21 5:12 9:19 16:5; c. dupl. acc (WM, § 32, 4a), Mt 21:24, Mk 4:10, Lk 20:3, Jo 16:23 (M, Pr., 66n); c. acc pers., seq. περί, Lk 9:45, Jo 18:19. 2. In late Gk. (Milligan, NTD, 51; not, as Cremer, 716, Thayer, s.v., a "Hebraism"), = αἰτέω (q.v.), to ask, request: c. acc pers., Jo 14:16; seq. imperat., Lk 14:18, 19 Phl 4:3; λέγων, Mt 15:23, Jo 12:21; seq. ἵνα (M, Pr., 208), Mk 7:26, Lk 7:36 16:27, Jo 4:47 17:15 19:31, 38, I Th 4:1, II Jn 5; ὅπως, Lk 7:3 11:37, Ac 23:20; c. inf., Lk 5:3 8:37, Jo 4:40, Ac 3:3 10:48 23:18, I Th 5:12; c. acc pers., seq. περί, Lk 4:38 Jo 17:9, 20, I Jn 5:16; ὑπέρ, II Th 2:1, 2; τὰ (WH, txt., om. τὰ) πρὸς εἰρήνην, Lk 14:32 (cf. δι-, ἐπ-ερωτάω)

SYN.: v.s. αἰτέω G154

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἐρωτ-άω,
  Epic dialect and Ionic dialect εἰρωτάω, contraction in Homerus Epicus and best codices of Herodotus Historicus, as 3.119, 4.145, al. : imperfect ἠρώτων Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 7.3, (ἐπ-) Thucydides Historicus 7.10, etc.; εἰρώτα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.423 ; Ionic dialect εἰρώτευν Herodotus Historicus 1.158, participle -τεῦντας variant in 3.62 (elsewhere εἰρώτων 3.140) : future -ήσω Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 15, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 350e, etc. : aorist I ἠρώτησα Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.5.21, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 403, etc. : perfect ἠρώτηκα Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 18a: —used in Attic. to supply the defective tenses of ἔρομαι:—ask, τινά τι something of one, ἅ μ᾽ εἰρωτᾷς Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.347; εἰρωτᾷς μ᾽ ὄνομα κλυτόν 9.364; ὅσ᾽ ἄν σ᾽ ἐρωτῶ Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1122; οὐ τοῦτ᾽ ἐρωτῶ σ᾽ Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 641 :—passive, to be asked, τι Plato Philosophus “Leges” 895e, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.4.3.
__2 ἐ. τι ask about a thing, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 228, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 508a; τιπερί τινος prev. author “Tht.” 185c ; ἐ. ἐρώτημα to ask a question, prev. author “R.” 487e ; τὰς πύστεις ἐρωτῶντες εἰ.. putting the question, whether.., Thucydides Historicus 1.5: —passive, τὸ ἐρωτηθέν, τὸ ἐρωτώμενον ἀποκρίνασθαι, to answer the question, Thucydides Historicus 3.61, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 4.2.23, etc.; τὰ ἔμπροσθεν ἠρωτημένα Plato Philosophus “Leges” 662e: —passive, also with person as subject, ἐρωτηθεὶς τὸ καλόν asked about beauty, prev. author “Hp.Ma.” 289c.
__3 followed by indirect question, εἰρώτα..τίς εἴη καὶ πόθεν ἔλθοι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.423 ; ἐ. εἰ.. or ἤν.. to ask whether.., Hippocrates Medicus “Steril.” 230, compare Thucydides Historicus 8.53; ἐ. ἦ.. Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 181; αἰτίαν καθ᾽ ἥντινα prev. author “Pr.” 228; πότεροι.. Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 648; τοῦτο πρῶτον ἠρώτα, πότερον.. Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 3.1.7; ἐ. πῶς δεῖ ποιεῖν prev. author “Mem.” 1.3.1.
__II question a person, εἰρωτᾷς μ᾽ ἐλθόντα θεὰ θεόν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.97; ἐ. καὶ ἐλέγχειν Antipho Orator 6.23; τινα ἀμφί τινος Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 236 (Lyric poetry) :— passive, to be questioned, ἐρωτᾶσθαι θέλω prev. author “IA” 1130.
__II.b of sentries, challenge, Aeneas Tacticus 22.12 ; τὸ ἐρωτώμενον the password, prev. author 26.9.
__II.2 in Dialectic, opposed to demonstration, question an opponent in order to refute him from his answers, Aristoteles Philosophus “Analytica Priora” 24a24 ; τι prev. work 42a39 ; hence later, submit, set forth, propound an argument, λόγον Galenus Medicus 5.257 :—passive, ὁ λόγος..ἠρωτῆσθαι φαίνεται Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 2.19.1; ἐρωτηθέντος τοῦ σοφίσματος Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “Πυρρώνειοι ὑποτυπώσεις” 2.237.
__III later, ={αἰτέω}, beg, entreat, ἐ. τινὰ τὰ εἰς εἰρήνην LXX.1Ki.30.21, al. ; ἐρωτᾶτε τὰ εἰς εἰρήνην τὴν Ἱερουσαλήμ LXX.Psa.121(122).6; ἅ σε ἐρωτῶ “PMag.Par.” 1.272; ἐ. τινὰ ποιεῖν τι “POxy.” 292.7 (1st c.AD), NT.Luke.8.37, etc.; ἐ. τινὰ ἵνα.. prev. work 7.36; ὅπως.. prev. work 7.3, al., “PMag.Leid.W.” 16.13; ἐ. τὸν πατέρα περὶ ὑμῶν NT.John.16.26. (Perh. from ἐρ (ϝ)+1st c.AD+ ωτάω, cognate with ἐρ (ϝ) έσθαι (see. ἔρομαι).)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks διερωτάω G1331 "doorvragen"; Grieks ἐπερωτάω G1905 "aanspreken, vragen"; Grieks πυνθάνομαι G4441 "onderzoeken, vragen";

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