G2596 κατά
neer, omlaag langs iets, volgens
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κατά (bef. a vowel κατ’, καθ’; on the freq. neglect of elision, v. Tdf., Pr., 95; WH, App., 146a), prep. c. gen., acc., down, downwards I. 1. (a) down, down from: Mt 8:32, Mk 5:13, Lk 8:33, I Co 11:4; (b) throughout (late usage; Bl., § 42, 2): κ. ὅλης κ.τ.λ., Lk 4:14 23:5, Ac 9:31 10:37; (c) in a peculiar adjectival phrase: ἡ κ. βάθους πτωχεία, deep or extreme poverty, II Co 8:2. 2. (a) against (in cl. only after verbs of speaking, witnessing, etc.): opp. to ὑπέρ, Mk 9:40; μετά, Mt 12:30; after ἐπιθυμεῖν, Ga 5:17; λαλεῖν, Ac 6:13; διδάσκειν, Ac 21:28; ψεύδεσθαι, Ja 3:14; after verbs of accusing, etc., Mt 5:23, Lk 23:14, Ro 8:33, al.; verbs of fighting, prevailing, etc., Mt 10:35, Ac 14:2, I Co 4:6, al.; (b) of swearing, by: ὄμνυμι κ. (Bl., § 34, 1), He 6:13, 16, cf. Mt 26:63. II. 1. (a) through, throughout: Lk 8:39 9:6 10:4, Ac 8:1, 36, al.; (b) to, towards, over against: Lk 10:32 (Field, Notes, 62), Ac 2:10 16:7, Ga 2:11, Phl 3:14, al.; (c) in adverbial phrases, at, in, by, of: κατ’ οἶκον, at home, Ac 2:46; κατ’ ἰδίαν (v.s. ἴδιος); καθ’ ἑαυτόν, Ac 28:16, Ro 14:22, Ja 2:17; c. pron. pers., Ac 17:28 18:15, Ro 1:15, Eph 1:15, al. 2. Of time, at, during, about: Ac 8:26 12:1 19:23, Ro 9:9, He 1:10, al. 3. (a) of place: κ. τόποὐς, Mt 24:7, al.; κ. πόλιν, Lk 8:1, 4, al.; κ. ἐκκλησίαν, Ac 14:23; (b) of time: κ. ἔτος, Lk 2:41; ἑορτήν, Mt 27:15, al.; (c) of numbers, etc.: καθ’ ἕνα πάντες, I Co 14:31 (on καθ’ εἷς, v.s. εἷς); κ. ἑκατόν, Mk 6:40; κ. μέρος, He 9:5; κ. ὄνομα, Jo 10:3. 4. (a) in relation to, concerning: Ro 1:3, 4 7:22 9:3, 5, I Co 1:26 10:18, Phl 1:12; κ. πάντα, Ac 17:22, Col 3:20, 22, He 2:17 4:15; (b) according to, after, like: Mk 7:5, Lk 2:27, 29, Jo 7:24, Ro 8:4 14:15, Eph 2:2, Col 2:8, Ja 2:8, al. III. In composition, κ. 1. down, down from (καταβαίνω (a) victory or rule over (καταδουλόω, -κυριεύω, etc.); (b) "perfective" action (M, Pr., 111 ff.). 2. under (κατακαλύπτω, etc.). 3. in succession (καθεξῆς). 4. after, behind (καταλείπω). 5. Hostility, against (καταλαλέω).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κατά κᾰτᾰ,
  poetry καταί accusative to Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 309.28, found in Compds., as καταιβάτης : preposition with genitive or accusative:— downwards.
__A WITH GEN.,
__A.I denoting motion from above, down from, βῆ δὲ κατ᾽ Οὐλύμποιο καρήνων, κατ᾽ Ἰδαίων ὀρέων, βαλέειν κ. πέτρης, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.187, 16.677, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.399; κατ᾽ οὐρανοῦ εἰλήλουθας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.128 ; καθ᾽ ἵππων ἀΐξαντε prev. work 232; δάκρυα.. κ. βλεφάρων Χαμάδις ῥέε 17.438; ἵεις σαυτὸν κ. τοῦ τείχους Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 355; ἁλόμενοι κ. τῆς πέτρας Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.2.17; κ. τῶν πετρῶν ὦσαι Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 229c; κ. κρημνῶν ῥιφέντες prev. author “Lg.” 944a: — for κατ᾽ ἄκρης see.{ἄκρα}: Μοῖσα κ. στόματος Χέε νέκταρ Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 7.82 (but perhaps in sense 11.1).
__A.II denoting downward motion,
__A.II.1 down upon or over, κ. Χθονὸς ὄμματα πήξας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.217 ; of the dying, κατὰ.. ὀφθαλμῶν κέχυτ᾽ ἀχλύς a cloud settled upon the eyes, 5.696, compare 20.321; τὸν δὲ κατ᾽ ὀφθαλμῶν.. νὺξ ἐκάλυψεν 13.580 ; φᾶρος κὰκ κεφαλῆς εἴρυσσε down over.. , Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.85 ; κόπρος κ. σπείους κέχυτο.. πολλή 9.330 ; ὕδωρ κ. Χειρός, see at {Χεί; μύρον κ. τῆς κεφαλῆς καταχέαντες} Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 398a; νάρκη μου κ. τῆς Χειρὸς καταχεῖται Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 713; κ. τῆς τραπέζης καταπάσας τέφραν prev. author “Nu.” 177 ; ξαίνειν κ. τοῦ νώτου πολλὰς πληγάς Demosthenes Orator 19.197; ἐσκεδασμένοι κ. τῆς Χώρας Polybius Historicus 1.17.10; οἱ κ. νώτου πονοῦντες prev. author 3.19.7; ῥόπαλον ἤλασα κὰκ κεφαλῆς Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 25.256 ; κ. κόρρης παίειν, ={ἐπὶ κόρρης}, Lucianus Sophista “Cat.” 12, al.
__A.II.1.b Geometry texts, along, upon, πίπτειν κατ᾽ εὐθείας Archimedes Geometra “περὶ σφαίρας καὶ κυλίνδρου” 1 “Def.” 2; αἱ γωνίαι κ. κύκλων περιφερειῶν ἐνεχθήσονται will move on.. , prev. work1.23, al.,compare Aristarchus Samius Astronomus 1.
__A.II.2 down into, νέκταρ στάξε κ. ῥινῶν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.39 ; of a dart, κ. γαίης ᾤχετο 13.504, etc.; ἔθηκε κατ᾽ ὄχθης μείλινον ἔγχος 21.172; ψυχὴ κ. Χθονὸς ᾤχετο 23.100 ; κ. γᾶς underground, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 2.59 ; κατ᾽ ὕδατος under water, Herodotus Historicus 2.149 ; ποταμὸς δὺς κ. τῆς γῆς Plato Philosophus “Phd.” 113c, compare “Ti.” 25d; κ. γῆς σύμεναι Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 1007 (anap.) ; κ. Χθονὸς κρύψαι to bury. Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 24 ; ὁ κ. γῆς one dead and buried, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.6.5; οἱ κ. Χθονὸς θεοί Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 689, etc.; θεοὶ οἱ κ. γᾶς prev. author “Ch.” 475 (Lyric poetry) , etc.; so κ. θαλάσσης ἀφανίζεσθαι, καταδεδυκέναι, Herodotus Historicus 7.6, 235 ; also βᾶτε κατ᾽ ἀντιθύρων go down by or through.. , Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1433.
__A.II.3 later, towards a point, τοξεύειν κ. σκοποῦ to shoot at, Herodianus Grammaticus 6.7.8; κατ᾽ ἰχνῶν τινος ὁδεύειν Lucianus Sophista “Rh.Pr.” 9.
__A.II.4 of vows or oaths, by, καθ᾽ ἡμῶν ὀμνύναι Demosthenes Orator 29.26, compare 54.38; ἐπιορκήσασα κ. τῶν παίδων Lysias Orator 32.13 ; especially of the victims, etc., over which the oath is taken, ὀμνυόντων τὸν ἐπιχώριον ὅρκον καθ᾽ ἱερῶν τελείων Foed. cited in Thucydides Historicus 5.47, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 29.5, “Foed.Delph.Pell.” 1 A 9, etc.; κ. τῶν νικητηρίων εὐξάμενοι Demosthenes Orator “Epistulae” 1.16 ; also κατ᾽ ἐξωλείας ὀμνύναι to imprecate destruction on oneself, prev. author 21.119; κατ᾽ ἐξ. ἐπιορκεῖν prev. author 57.22.
__A.II.4.b to make a vow towards, i.e. make a vow of offering.., κ. Χιλίων εὐχὴν ποιήσασθαι Χιμάρων Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 660.
__A.II.5 in hostile sense, against, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 221, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 304, etc.; κ. πάντων φύεσθαι Demosthenes Orator 18.19 ; especially of judges giving sentence against a person, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 198, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 449, etc.; ψεύδεσθαι κατά τινος Lysias Orator 22.7; λέγειν κατά τινος κακά Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 65, compare Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.5.2, etc. ; of speeches, λόγος κ. Μειδίου, etc. (opposed to πρὸς Λεπτίνην, in reply to L.); δῶρα εἰληφέναι κατά τινος Dinarchus Orator 3.6, compare 18.
__A.II.6 of Time,for, μισθοῦν κ. εἴκοσι ἐτῶν “IG” 12.94.37 ; κ. βίου for life, “Tab.Heracl.” 1.50; κὰπ παντὸς Χρόνοι “IG” 9(2).517.20 (from Larissa) (but κ. παντὸς τοῦ Χρόνου σκέψασθε Demosthenes Orator 22.72 falls under 7) ; κ. παντὸς τοῦ αἰῶνος ἀείμνηστον Lycurgus Orator 7.
__A.II.7 in respect of, concerning, μὴ κατ᾽ ἀνθρώπων σκόπει μόνον τοῦτο Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 70d; κ. τῶν ἄλλων τεχνῶν τοιαῦτα εὑρήσομεν prev. author “Sph.” 253b ; οἱ κ. Δημοσθένους ἔπαινοι praises bestowed on Demosthenes Orator, Aeschines Orator 3.50 ; ἐρεῖν or λέγειν κατά τινος to say of one, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 37b, “Prt.” 323b, etc.; εἰ κ. θηλείας φαίης Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 198.10; εἴπερ ἕν γέ τι ζητεῖς κ. πάντων Plato Philosophus “Meno” 73d, compare 74b; ὅπερ εἴρηται καθόλου κ. πασῶν τῶν πολιτειῶν Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1307b2 ; frequently in the Logic of Aristoteles Philosophus, κατά τινος λέγεσθαι or κατηγορεῖσθαι to be predicated of.., “Int.” 16b10, “Cat.” 1b10, etc. ; καταφῆσαί (or ἀποφῆσαί) τι κατά τινος to affirm (or deny) of.., Metaph. 1007b21 ; so κ. τινὸς ὑπάρχειν “Int.” 16b13: and in adverb καθόλου (which see).
__B WITH Acc.,
__B.I of motion downwards, κ. ῥόον down stream, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.254, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.33 ; opposed to ἀνὰ τὸν ποταμόν, Herodotus Historicus 2.96 ; κ. τὸν ποταμόν, κ. τὸ ὑδάτιον, prev. author 1.194, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 229a ; κατ᾽ οὖρον ἰέναι, ῥεῖν, down (i.e. with) the wind, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 690, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 468 ; κ. πνεῦμα, κατ᾽ ἄνεμον ἵστασθαι to leeward, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 535a19, 560b13, Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 4.153.
__B.I.2 with or without signification of motion, on, over, throughout a space, frequently in Homerus Epicus, καθ᾽ Ἑλλάδα καὶ μέσον Ἄργος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.344 ; κατ᾽ Ἀχαΐδα, κ. Τροίην, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.770, 9.329; κατ᾽ ἠερόεντα κέλευθα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.64 ; κ. πόντον, κῦμα, ὕλην, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.276, 6.136, 3.151; κ. πτόλιν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.383 ; κ. ἄστυ, οἶκον, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.286, 6.56; κ. ὅμιλον, στρατόν, 3.36, 1.229 ; κ. κλισίας τε νέας τε prev. work 487; πόλεμον κάτα δακρυόεντα 17.512; κ. ὑσμίνην, μόθον, κλόνον, 5.84, 18.159, 16.331; τὸ ὕδωρ κ. τοὺς ταφροὺς ἐχώρει Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.5.16, etc. (in later Gr.of motion to a place, κ. τὴν Ἰταλίαν Zosimus Epigrammaticus 3.1); καθ᾽ Ἑλλάδα Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 578; κ. πτόλιν prev. author “Th.” 6; αἱ σκηναὶ αἱ κ. τὴν ἀγοράν Demosthenes Orator 18.169; τὰ κατ᾽ ἀγροὺς Διονύσια Aeschines Orator 1.157, etc.; κ. τὸ προάστιον Herodotus Historicus 3.54; τύμβον κατ᾽ αὐτόν Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 528, compare “Supp.” 869 (Lyric poetry) : Geometry texts, at a point, Euclides Geometra 1.1, al. ; τέμνειν σφαῖραν κ. κύκλον in a circle, Archimedes Geometra “ψαμμίτης” 1.17 ; also, in the region of, οἱ κ. τὸν ἥλιον γινόμενοι ἀστέρες Geminus Astronomicus 12.7: frequently in Homerus Epicus in describing the place of a wound, βαλεῖν κ. στῆθος, γαστέρα, etc., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.108, 16.465, al.; νύξε κ. δεξιὸν ὦμον 5.46; οὔτασε κατ᾽ ἰσχίον 11.339; so βαλεῖν κατ᾽ ἀσπίδα, κ. ζωστῆρα, 5.537, 615 ; βέλος κ. καίριον ἦλθεν struck upon a vital part, variant in 11.439: metaph., ἄχος κ. φρένα τύψε 19.125: generally, κ. φρένα καὶ κατὰ θυμόν in heart and soul, 4.163, al.
__B.I.3 opposite, over against, κ. Σινώπην πόλιν Herodotus Historicus 1.76, compare 2.148, Thucydides Historicus 2.30, etc.; ἀνὴρ κατ᾽ ἄνδρα Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 505; μολὼν.. μοι κ. στόμα prev. author “Ch.” 573; κατ᾽ ὀφθαλμούς τινος LXX.2Ki.12.11; οἱ μὲν Ἀθηναῖοι κ. Λακεδαιμονίους ἐγένοντο Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 4.2.18; κατ᾽ Ἀχαιοὺς ἀντετάχθησαν prev. passage; ἐν συμποσίῳ.., περίμενε, μέχρις ἂν γένηται κατὰ σέ Epictetus Philosophus “Enchiridion” 15, compare 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 7.108. +5th c.BC+
__B.II distributively, of a whole divided into parts, κρῖν᾽ ἄνδρας κ. φῦλα, κ. φρήτρας by tribes, by clans, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.362 ; κ. σφέας μαχέονται by themselves, separately, prev. work 366, compare Thucydides Historicus 4.64; ἐσκήνουν κ. τάξεις Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.1.25; αὐτὴ καθ᾽ αὑτήν Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 1013 ; κ. κώμας κατοικημένοι in separate villages, Herodotus Historicus 1.96 ; κατ᾽ ἑωυτοὺς ἕκαστοι ἐτράποντο each to his own home, prev. author 5.15 ; κ. πόλεις ἀποπλεῦσαι, διαλυθῆναι, Thucydides Historicus 1.89, 3.1: στρατιὰ κ. ἕνδεκα μέρη κεκοσμημένη Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 247a; later οἱ κατ᾽ ἄνδρα λόγοι “PLond.” 2.259.72 (1st c.AD),compare Dio Chrysostomus Sophista 32.6, etc.; ἡ κατ᾽ οἰκίαν ἀπογραφή “PLond.” 3.904.20 (2nd c.AD) , etc.; κατ᾽ ἔπος word by word, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 802 ; κατ᾽ ὄνομα individually, NT.3John.15, etc.; παῖδα κ. κρήνην at each fount a boy, “Lyrica Alexandrina Adespota” 37.13, compare “POxy” 2108.9 (3rd c.AD).
__B.II.2 of Time, καθ᾽ ἡμέραν, κατ᾽ ἦμαρ, day by day, daily, see at {ἡμέρα} 111; καθ᾽ ἑνιαυτόν, κατ᾽ ἔτος, “Test.Epict.” 6.24, NT.Luke.2.41, etc.; κ. μῆνα “POxy.” 275.18 (1st c.AD).
__B.II.3 of Numbers, by so many at a time, καθ᾽ ἕνα one at a time, individually, Herodotus Historicus 7.104 (later τὸ καθ᾽ ἕν detailed list, PTeb. 47.34 (2nd c.BC), etc.) ; κ. μίαν τε καὶ δύο by ones and twos, Herodotus Historicus 4.113; δύο μνέαι τεταγμέναι κατ᾽ ἄνδρα αἰχμάλωτον ἕκαστον prev. author 6.79; ἐκ τῶν συμμάχων ἐξελέγετο κατ᾽ ὀλίγους prev. author 8.113; κ. τὰς πέντε καὶ εἴκοσι μνᾶς πεντακοσίας δραχμὰς εἰσφέρειν to pay 500 drachmae on every 25 minae, Demosthenes Orator 27.7; κ. διακοσίας καὶ τριακοσίας ὁμοῦ τι τάλαντον διακεχρημένον in separate sums of 200 and 300 drachmae, prev. author 27.11 ; of ships, κ. μίαν (i.e. ναῦν) in column, Thucydides Historicus 2.90; κ. μίαν ναῦν ἐπιτάττειν Polybius Historicus 1.26.12, compare Thucydides Historicus 2.84: Geometry texts, μετρεῖν, μετρεισθαι κατά.. , measure, be measured a certain number of times, Euclides Geometra 7 “Def.” 8,9, al. ; μετρεῖν κ. τὰς ἐν τῷ Β μονάδας as many times as there are units in B, prev. author 7.16.
__B.III of direction towards an object or purpose, πλεῖν κ. πρῆξιν on a business, for or after a matter, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.72, 9.253 ; πλάζεσθαι κ. ληΐδα to rove in search of booty, 3.106 ; κ. ληΐην ἐκπλῶσαι Herodotus Historicus 2.152; ἔβη κ. δαῖτα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.424; ἐπιδημεῖν κατ᾽ ἐμπορίαν “IG” 22.141.32, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 11.1 ; κ. Χρέος τινὸς ἐλθεῖν come to seek his help, consult him, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.479, etc.; ἵεται κ. τὴν φωνήν Herodotus Historicus 2.70 ; κ. θέαν ἥκειν to have come for the purpose of seeing, Thucydides Historicus 6.31; κ. πλοῦν ἤδη ὤν prev. author 7.31; καθ᾽ ἁρπαγὴν ἐσκεδασμένοι Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 3.5.2 ; κ. τ; for what purpose? why? Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 239.
__B.III.2 of pursuit, κ. πόδας τινὸς ἐλαύνειν Herodotus Historicus 9.89 ; simply κ. τινά after him, prev. author 1.84; ἰέναι κ. τοὺς ἄλλους prev. author 9.53 ; κατ᾽ ἴχνος on the track, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 32, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 695 (Lyric poetry); ὥσπερ κατ᾽ ἴχνη κ. τὰ νῦν εἰρημένα ζῆν Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 115b.
__B.III.3 Geometry texts, in adverbial phrases, κ. κάθετον in the same vertical line, Archimedes Geometra “τετραγωνισμὸς παραβολῆς” 6 ; κατ᾽ εὐθεῖάν τινι in the same straight line with.., 3rd c.AD(?): Pappus Mathematicus 58.7.
__B.IV of fitness or conformity, in accordance with, κ. θυμόν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.136 ; καθ᾽ ἡμέτερον νόον after our liking, 9.108; κ. νόον πρήξωμεν Herodotus Historicus 4.97 ; κ. μοῖραν as is meet and right, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.286; κατ᾽ αἶσαν, κ. κόσμον, 10.445, 472 ; κ. νόμον Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 417; κὰν νόμον Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 8.78; κ. τοὺς νόμους “IG” 22.1227.15 ; αἰτίαν καθ᾽ ἥντινα for what cause, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 228 ; κατ᾽ ἔχθραν, κ. φθόνον, for (i.e. because of) hatred, envy, prev. author “Supp.” 336, “Eu.” 686 ; καθ᾽ ἡδονήν τι δρᾶν, ποιεῖν, do as one pleases, Thucydides Historicus 2.37, 53; κ. τὸ ἔχθος τὸ Θεσσαλῶν Herodotus Historicus 8.30, compare 9.38 ; κ. φιλίαν, κατ᾽ ἔχθος, Thucydides Historicus 1.60, 103, etc. ; κατ᾽ ἄλλο μὲν οὐδέν, ὅτι δέ.. for no other reason but that.., Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 229d ; κ. δύναμιν to the best of one's power, Herodotus Historicus 3.142, etc. (κὰδ δ. Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 336) ; κ. τρόπον διοικεῖν arrange suitably, Isocrates Orator 2.6, al. ; κατ᾽ εὐνοίην with goodwill, Herodotus Historicus 6.108; κ. τὰ παρηγγελμένα Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.2.8, etc. ; in quotations, according to, κατ᾽ Αἰσχύλον Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 134; κ. Πίνδαρον Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 227b, etc.
__B.IV.2 in relation to, concerning, τὰ κατ᾽ ἀνθρώπους ={τὰ ἀνθρώπινα}, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 930, 310; τὰ κ. τὸν Τέλλον Herodotus Historicus 1.31; τὰ κ. τὴν Κύρου τελευτήν prev. work 214 ; τὰ κ. πόλεμον military matters, Aeschines Orator 1.181 ; αἱ κ. τὴν πόλιν οἰκονομίαι (opposed to αἱ πολεμικαὶ πράξεις) the management of public affairs, Dinarchus Orator 1.97; τὰ κ. τὰς θυσίας “SIG” 506.7 (Delph., 3rd c.BC) ; so τὸ κατ᾽ ὑμέας as far as concerns you, Herodotus Historicus 7.158 ; τὸ κατ᾽ ἐμέ as far as I am concerned, Demosthenes Orator 18.247 ; κ. τοῦτο in this respect, Herodotus Historicus 5.3, etc. ; κ. ταὐτά in the same way, prev. author 2.20 ; καθ᾽ ὅτι so far as, Thucydides Historicus 1.82, etc.
__B.IV.3 in Comparisons, corresponding with, after the fashion of, κρομύοιο λοπὸν κ. like the coat of an onion, uncertain in Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.233; μέλος κ. Φοίνισσαν ἐμπολὰν πέμπεται Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 2.67 ; κ. Μιθραδάτην answering to the description of him, Herodotus Historicus 1.121 ; τὴν ἰδέαν κ. πνιγέα like an oven in appearance, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 1001 ; κηδεῦσαι καθ᾽ ἑαυτόν to marry in one's own rank of life, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 890; οὐ κατ᾽ ἄνθρωπον φρονεῖν prev. author “Th.” 425; λέγω κατ᾽ ἄνδρα, μὴ θεόν, σέβειν ἐμέ prev. author “Ag.” 925 ; οὐ κατὰ σέ none of your sort, Chionides Comicus 1 (but ἵνα προσείπω σε κατὰ σέ to address you in your own style, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 467c); τὸ κατ᾽ ἐμὲ καὶ οὐ κατ᾽ ἐμέ Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 1.28.5; οὐ κ. τὰς Μειδίου λῃτουργίας Demosthenes Orator 21.169; ἡ βασιλεία κ. τὴν ἀριστοκρατίαν ἐστί Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1310b3 : frequently after a comparative, μέζων ἢ κατ᾽ ἀνθρώπων φύσιν Herodotus Historicus 8.38, compare Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 20e, etc. ; μείζω ἢ κ. δάκρυα too great for tears, Thucydides Historicus 7.75 ; ἤθεα βαθύτερα ἢ κ. Θρήϊκας morerefined than was common among the Thracians, Herodotus Historicus 4.95.
__B.V by the favour of a god, etc., κ. δαίμονα Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 9.28, compare “P.” 8.68; κ. θεῖον Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 147 codices (κ. θεὸν Cobet) ; κ. τύχην τινά Demosthenes Orator 48.24.
__B.VI of round numbers (see. below v11.2), nearly, about, κ. Χίλια ἑξακόσια ἔτεα 1600 years more or less, Herodotus Historicus 2.145, compare 6.44, al. ; κατ᾽ οὐδέν next to nothing, Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 302b.
__B.VII of Time, during or in the course of a period, κ. τὸν πόλεμον Herodotus Historicus 7.137 ; καθ᾽ ἡμέραν, κατ᾽ ἦμαρ, by day, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 818, “Ag.” 668; κατ᾽ εὐφρόνην prev. author “Pers.” 221 ; κ. Χειμῶνα, κ. θερείαν, “PLille” 1r14 (3rd c.BC), “PTeb.” 27.60 (2nd c.BC).
__B.VII.2 about, κ. τὸν αὐτὸν τοῦτον Χρόνον Herodotus Historicus 3.131, etc.; κ. τοὺς θανάτους τῶν βασιλέων prev. author 6.58 ; especially with names of persons, κ. Ἄμασιν βασιλεύοντα about the time of Amasis, prev. author 2.134; κ. τὸν κ. Κροῖσον Χρόνον prev. author 1.67 ; οἱ κατ᾽ ἐκεῖνον (i.e. τὸν Ἀλκιβιάδην) ὑμέτεροι πρόγονοι Demosthenes Orator 21.146 (variant{κατ᾽ ἐκ. τὸν Χρόνον}); κ. τοὺς Ἡρακλείδας Xenophon Historicus “Respublica Lacedaemoniorum” 10.8 ; οἱ καθ᾽ ἑαυτοὺς ἄνθρωποι their contemporaries, prev. author “Mem.” 3.5.10.
__B.VII.3 καθ᾽ ἕτος this year, “SIG” 284.24 (Erythrae, 4th c.BC), “OGI” 458.64 1st c.BC-1st c.AD, “CIG” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” 3641b5,38 (from Lampsacus).
__B.VIII periphrastically with abstract substantive, κατ᾽ ἡσυχίην, κ. τάχος, ={ἡσύχως, ταχέως}, Herodotus Historicus 1.9, 7.178 ; κ. κράτος by force, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 2.1.19, etc. ; κ. μέρος partially, Aristoteles Philosophus “Poetica” 1456a16 ; individually, severally, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 157b, “Lg.” 835a ; κ. φύσιν naturally, Herodotus Historicus 2.38, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 428e ; κ. τὴν τέχνην skilfully, Lucianus Sophista “DDeor.” 20.7 ; οὔτ᾽ ἐμοὶ λέγειν καθ᾽ ἡδονήν ἐστι it is not pleasant for me to tell you, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 263.
__C Position: κατά may follow both its cases, and is then written with anastrophe κάτα, as Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.221, etc. ; so also in tmesi, when it follows its Verb, 17.91.
__D absolutely as adverb. in all the above senses, especially like{κάτω}, downwards, from above, down, frequently in Homerus Epicus
__E κατά in COMPOSITION (joined with other words),
__E.I downwards, down, as in καταβαίνω, καταβάλλω, κατάκειμαι, καταπέμπω, καταπίπτω, καταπλέω 1.
__E.II in answer to, in accordance with, as in κατᾴδω (occino), καταινέω, καταθύμιος.
__E.III against, in hostile sense compare (Aeschylus Tragicus 11.5), as in καταγιγνώσκω, κατακρίνω, καταψηφίζομαι: more rarely with a substantive, as καταδίκη.
__E.IV back, back again, as in κάτειμι, καταπορεύομαι, καταπλέω 11.
__E.V frequently only to strengthen the notion of the simple word, as in κατακόπτω, κατακτείνω, καταφαγεῖν, etc.; also with Substantives and adjectives, as in κατάδηλος, κάτοξος.
__E.VI sometimes to give a transitive force to an intransitive Verb, our be-, as in καταθρηνέω bewail.
__E.VII implying waste or consumption, as in καταλειτουργέω, καθιπποτροφέω, καταζευγοτροφέω: and generally in a disparaging sense, as in καταγιγνώσκω 1.
__F κατά as a preposition was shortened in some dialects, especially in Epic dialect, into κάγ, κάδ, κάκ, κάμ, κάν, κάπ, κάρ, κάτ, before γ, δ, κ, μ, ν, π (or φ), ῥ, τ (or θ), respectively; see these forms in their own places. Mss. and the older Edd. join the preposition with the following word, as καγγόνυ, καδδέ, κακκεφαλῆς, καππεδίον, καπφάλαρα, καρρόον, καττάδε, καττόν, etc. In compound Verbs, κατά sometimes changes into καβ, καλ, καρ, κατ, before β, λ, ρ, θ, respectively, as κάββαλε, κάλλιπε, καρρέζουσα, κάτθαν; and before στ, σχ, the second syllable sometimes disappears, as in καστορνῦσα, κάσχεθε, as also in the Doric dialect forms καβαίνων, κάπετον.
καθεῖς,
  for καθ᾽ εἷς, one by one, one after antoher, LXX.3Mac.5.34; εἷς καθεῖς NT.Mark.14.19, etc.: formed backwards from the neut. ἓν καθέν, noted by Lucianus Sophista “Sol.” 9. +NT+2nd c.AD+

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks εἷς καθ’ εἷς G1527 "een bij een"; Grieks καθεύδω G2518 "insluimeren, slapen"; Grieks κάθημαι G2521 "zitten (gaan)"; Grieks καθίημι G2524 "zakken (laten)"; Grieks καταναρκάω G2655 "lastig vallen, drukkend op"; Grieks καταχέω G2708 "neergieten, uitgieten over"; Grieks καταχθόνιος G2709 "ondergronds"; Grieks κάτω G2736 "beneden, onder"; Grieks συγκαταψηφίζω G4785 "stembriefje";

Literatuur


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