G2909 κρείττων
nuttiger, voordeliger, beter, voortreffelijker
Taal: Grieks

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kreitto̱n,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κρείσσων (Epic and old Att.) and κρείττων (later Att.), prop. comparat. of κρατύς, strong, but in sense often (as in cl., v. LS, s.v.) as comparat. of ἀγαθός, [in LXX chiefly for טוֹב H2896;] better (a) as to advantage or usefulness: I Co 11:17, He 11:40 12:24; πολλῷ μᾶλλον κ., Phl 1:23; κρεῖσσον ποιεῖν, I Co 7:38; ἐστιν, seq. inf., I Co 7:9, II Pe 2:21; (b) as to excellence: He 1:4 6:9 7:7, 19, 22 8:6 9:23 10:34 11:16, 35; κ. ἐστι, seq. inf., I Pe 3:17.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κρείσσων, ον,
  genitive ονος, as always in Epic dialect and old Attic dialect; later Attic dialect κρείττων; Ionic dialect κρέσσων Hippocrates Medicus “Fract.” 3, al., variant in Dionysius Tragicus (see. below 11); Doric. κάρρων (which see); Cretan dialect κάρτων “Leg.Gort.” 1.15: — Comp. of κρατύς (see. κράτιστος), stronger, mightier, κ. βασιλεύς, ὅτε χώσεται ἀνδρὶ χέρηϊ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.80 ; especially in battle, κρείσσοσιν ἶφι μάχεσθαι 21.486; Διὸς κ. νόος ἠέ περ ἀνδρῶν 16.688; κεραυνοῦ κρέσσον.. βέλος Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 8(7).36, compare Herodotus Historicus 7.172, Hp. same place, etc.; κρείσσων χεῖρας Antipho Orator 4.4.7; τὸ τοῦ κ. συμφέρον Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Respublica” 338c, compare Democritus Epigrammaticus 267 : hence, having the upper hand, superior, ὁππότερος δέ κε νικήσῃ κ. τε γένηται Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.71; κ. ἀρετῇ τε βίῃ τε 23.578 : as Law-term, of witnesses, κάρτονανς ἦμεν _prevail,_ Leges Gortynensium prev. cited
__2 frequently as comparative of ἀγαθός, better, κρέσσονες one's betters, especially in point of rank, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 10(11).39, “N.” 10.72 (but also, _the stronger, more powerful_, Euripides Tragicus “Or.” 710, Thucydides Historicus 1.8, etc.); ἐς τοὺς τοκέας καὶ ἐς τοὺς κρέσσονας τεθυμῶσθαι Herodotus Historicus 3.52, compare “SIG” 685.134 (Magnes Comicus Mae., 2nd c.BC); οἱ κ. corps of guards at Thebes, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.598e; κρείσσονες θεοί , of the greater gods, as opposed to to Oceanus, Aeschylus Tragicus “Pr.” 902 (Lyric poetry); ὁ κ. Ζεύς prev\. author “Ag.” 60 (anapaest meter); οἱ κ. the Higher Powers, prev\. author “fragment” 10, Plato Philosophus “Sph.” 216b, “Euthd.” 291a, etc.; τὰ κρείσσω, ={τὰ θεῖα}, Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 973; τὸ κ. the Almighty, Providence, Corp.Herm. 18.11, Julianus Imperator “Ep.” 204, Agathias Historicus et Epigrammaticus 1.16, Procopius Gazaeus Rhetor “Pan.” p.492; τὰ κρείσσονα one's advantages, τὰ ὑπάρχοντα ἡμῖν κρείσσω καταπροδοῦναι Thucydides Historicus 4.10 .
__3 with infinitive, οὔ τις ἐμεῖο κρείσσων.. δόμεναι no one has a better right to.., Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.345; οὐκ ἄλλος κ. παραμυθεῖσθαι Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Politicus” 268b ; κρεῖσσόν ἐστι with infinitive, 'tis better to.., κ. γάρ ἐστιν εἰσάπαξ θανεῖν ἢ.. πάσχειν κακῶς Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Prometheus Vinctus” 750, compare 624, Herodotus Historicus 3.52, etc.; τὸ μὴ εἶναι κ. ἢ τὸ ζῆν κακῶς Sophocles Tragicus “fragment” 488, compare Apollodorus Comicus 6; also κρείσσων εἰμί with participle, κ. γὰρ ἦσθα μηκέτ᾽ ὢν ἢ ζῶν τυφλός thou wert better not alive, than living blind, Sophocles Tragicus “OT” 1368, compare “Aj.” 635 (Lyric poetry); κ. ἦν ὁ ἀγὼν μὴ γεγενημένος Aeschines Orator 1.192, compare Dionysius Halicarnassensis 6.9.
__II with genitive or ἤ, too great for, surpassing, beyond, ὕψος κ. ἐκπηδήματος Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Agamemnon” 1376 ; of evil deeds, κρείσσον᾽ ἀγχόνης too bad for hanging, Sophocles Tragicus “OT” 1374; κρεῖσσον δεργμάτων too bad to look on, Euripides Tragicus “Hipp.” 1217; θαυμάτων prev\. author “Ba.” 667 ; λέγετι σιγῆς κρεῖσσον (κρέσσον “PSI” 9.1093) ἢ σιγὴν ἔχε Dionysius Tragicus 6; κρείσσον᾽ ἢ λέξαι λόγῳ τολμήματα Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 844 ; κ. ἢ λόγοισιν (i.e. εἰπεῖν) prev\. author “IT” 837; ἀναρχία κ. πυρός prev\. author “Hec.” 608 ; πρᾶγμα ἐλπίδος κ. γεγενημένον worse than one expected, Thucydides Historicus 2.64; κ. λόγου τὸ κάλλος Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “Memorabilia” 3.11.1; κ. τῆς ἡμετέρας δυνάμεως prev\. author “Cyr.” 7.5.9 .
__III having control over, master of, especially of desires and passions, τῶν ἡδονῶν Democritus Epigrammaticus 214; τοῦ ἔρωτος Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6.1.34 ; γαστρὸς καὶ κερδέων prev. work 4.2.45; αὑτῶν over themselves, Plato Philosophus “Phdr.” 232a, al.; κ. χρημάτων superior to the influence of money, Thucydides Historicus 2.60, Isocrates Orator 1.19; τῶν συμμάχων κ. Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “Respublica Atheniensium” 2.1 ; also, putting oneself above, κ. τοῦ δικαίου Thucydides Historicus 3.84 ; κρείσσους ὄντες.. τῷ λογισμῷ ἐς τὸ ἀνέλπιστον τοῦ βεβαίου having reasoned themselves into an absolute belief of the hopelessness of certainty, prev. work 83; φαύλους καὶ κρείττους τῆς παιδείας, ={οὓς παιδευθῆναι ἀδύνατον} (just below), Aristoteles Philosophus “Pol.” 1316a9.
__IV better, more excellent, ἁρμονίη ἀφανὴς φανερῆς κ. Heraclitus 54; κ. ἐπ᾽ ἀρετήν Democritus Epigrammaticus 181 ; ὁ κρείττων λόγος (opposed to ὁ ἥσσων) Aristophanes Comicus “Nu.” 113; κατὰ τὸ κ. in a higher sense, opposed to κατὰ τὸ χεῖρον, Damascius Philosophus “Pr.” 7.
__V adverb κρεισσόνως Antipho Orator 4.4.6, Iamblichus Philosophus “Myst.” 7.4; also κρεῖσσον Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 176 (Lyric poetry), “OGI” 90.31 (Rosetta, 2nd c.BC). (κρέσσων from κρέτ-yων, compare κρέτο; κάρτων and κάρρων from κάρτ-yων, compare κάρτο; κρείσσων (like μείζων) probably took ει from ὀλείζων.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks κράτος G2904 "sterkte, kracht, heerschappij"; Grieks κρεῖσσον G2908 "beter";

Literatuur


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