G3723 ὀρθῶς
recht, juist
Taal: Grieks

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orthó̱s̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ὀρθῶς adv. (< ἀρθός), rightly: Mk 7:35, Lk 7:43 10:28 20:21.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

Included with: ὀρθός, ή, όν,
  straight,
__I in height, upright, standing, Homerus Epicus , who commonly joins it with στῆναι, στῆ δ᾽ ὀρθός Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.271, al., compare Herodotus Historicus 5.111, 9.22 (where it is used of a horse rearing) ; ὀρθαὶ τρίχες ἔσταν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.359, compare Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 540; ὀρθῶν ἑσταότων ἀγορή Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.246; οἱ δ᾽ ἐν νηΐ μ᾽ ἔδησαν.. ὀρθὸν ἐν ἱστοπέδῃ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.179, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 239 (anap.); κυρβασίας.. ὀρθὰς εἶχον πεπηγυίας Herodotus Historicus 7.64; ὀρθὸν αἴρεις κάρα Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 496, etc. ; ὀρθὸν οὖς ἵστησι pricks up his ear, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 27, etc. ; applied to the erect posture of man, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 653a31, al. ; ὀ. θηρίον, of man, Philemo Comicus 3 ; of buildings, standing with their walls entire, τὸ Πάνακτον ὀρθὸν παραδοῦναι Thucydides Historicus 5.42; ὀρθαὶ κίονες Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.267, compare “PLond.” 3.755v. 2 (4th c.AD) ; of a standing crop, prev. work 1165.2 (2nd c.AD). adverb, ὀρθῶς ἑστῶτες Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 689b19.
__I.b Geometry texts, at right angles to.., εὐθεῖα πρὸς ἐπίπεδον ὀρθή ἐστιν ὅταν.. Euclides Geometra 11 “Def.” 3.
__I.c Astrology texts, ὀρθὰ ζῴδια signs which rise vertically, opposed to πλάγια, Dorotheus Astrologus in “Cat. Codex Astr.” 5 (1). 240.
__II in line, straight (opposed to σκολιός crooked and πλάγιος aslant), ἀντ᾽ ἠελίου τετραμμένος ὀρθός straight, right opposite the sun, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 727; ὀρθὸν εὐθύνοι βέλος Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 200 ; ποιῶν ὀρθὰ πάντα πρὸς κανόνα “IG” 7.3073.108 (Lebadea, 2nd c.BC) ; ὀ. τρῶμα longitudinal to the muscle, opposed to ἐπικάρσιος, Hippocrates Medicus “προρρητικόν” 2.15; ὀρθὸς εἰς ὁδὸν πορεύεται Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1254; εἶμι.. ὀ. ὁδόν Theognis Elegiacus 945; ὀ. κέλευθον ἰών Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 11.39 ; ὀρθὴν κελεύεις, i. e. ὀρθὴν ὁδόν με ἰέναι κ., Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 1 ; so ὀρθὴν ἄνω δίωκε (i.e. όδόν) prev. author “Th.” 1223 (but ὀρθήν, ={εὐθύς}, Hyperides Orator “Fragmenta” 257) ; δι᾽ ὀρθῆς τήνδε ναυκληρεῖς πόλιν (i.e. ὁδοῦ) Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 994; εἰς ὀρθὸν τρέχειν Diphilus Comicus 61.5 ; εἰς ὀρθὸν ἀποδοῦναι to face the front originally held, Asclepiodotus Tacticus “Tact.” 10.1; κατ᾽ ὀρθὸν εὐδρομεῖν Menander Comicus 681 ; also ὀρθᾷ χερί straightway, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 10(11).4 ; ὀρθῷ ποδί prev. work 13.72, “fragment” 167 ; but τιθέναι ὀρθὸν πόδα is probably to put the foot out, as in walking, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 294 (see. κατηρεφής 1), compare Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 1166.
__II.2 βλέπειν ὀρθά, opposed to being blind, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 419; ὀρθὸν ἀνέβλεψε recovered his sight, Inscriptiones Graecae 14.966 (Rome, 2nd c.AD) ; ἐξ ὀμμάτων ὀ.. κἀξ ὀρθῆς φρενός Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 528; ὀρθοῖς ὄμμασιν prev. work 1385; see at {ὄμμα} 1.
__III metaphorically,
__III.1 right, safe, prosperous:
__III.1.a partly from signification 1, τοὺς δὲ τομαῖς ἔστασεν ὀρθούς set them up, restored, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 3.53 ; so ὀρθὸν ἀστάσας (= ἀναστήσας) “IG” 42(1).122.52 (Epid., 4th c.BC) ; ἐς ὀρθὸν ἱστάναι τινά Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 1230; ὀρθὰν φυλάσσειν Τένεδον Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 11.5; so στάντες τ᾽ ἐς ὀρθὸν καὶ πεσόντες ὕστερον Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 50, compare Plato Philosophus “Laches” 181b ; ταύτης ἔπι (i.e. χθονός) πλέοντες ὀρθῆς (the state being represented as a ship) Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 190; ἐν ὀρθῷ κεῖσθαι Polybius Historicus 31.7.1.
__III.1.b partly from signification 11, κατ᾽ ὀρθὸν ἐξελθεῖν, of prophecies, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 88, compare “OC” 1424 ; κατ᾽ ὀρθὸν οὐρίσαι to speed in prosperous course, prev. author “OT” 695 (Lyric poetry).
__III.2 right, true, correct, ἄγγελος, ἀγγελία, νόος, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 6.90, “P.” 4.279, 10.68; μάρτυρες Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 318 (anap.), etc.; γλῶσσα Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 351; ὀρθᾷ φρενί Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 8.24 ; ὄρθ᾽ ἀκούειν to be rightly, truly called, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 903 (Lyric poetry); κατὰ τὸ ὀ. δικάζειν Herodotus Historicus 1.96; ὀ. λόγῳ strictly speaking, in very truth, prev. author 2.17, 6.68, etc. : so in adverb, ὀρθῶς λέγειν prev. author 1.51; ὀ. ἔλεξας Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 341; ὀ. φράσαι Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 526; εἴρηκας ὀ. Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1040; ὀ. φρονεῖν Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 1000, Archytas Tarentinus Philosophus 1 (so εἰς ὀρθὸν φ. Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 612); ὀ. γνῶναι Antipho Orator 2.2.8 ; ὀ. ἔχει it is right, with infinitive, Plato Philosophus “Euthyphro” 9a; ὀ. ἐνδίκως τ᾽ ἐπώνυμον Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 405, compare 829 (anap.) : in answers, rightly, exactly, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 359e; ὀ. γε Diphilus Comicus 32.18 : superlative, ὀρθότατα καλεόμενος Herodotus Historicus 4.59; so τὸ ὀρθὸν ἐξείρηκα Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 374 ; φωνεῖν δίκης ἐς ὀρθόν prev. work 347; κατ᾽ ὀρθόν Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 44b.
__III.3 true, real, genuine, ὀ. πολιτεῖαι, opposed to παρεκβάσεις, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1279a18, etc. ; ὀ. μανία real madness, Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 11.32, compare Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 11.11. adverb -θῶς really, truly, τοὺς ὀ. φιλομαθεῖς Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 67b; ὁ ὀ. κυβερνήτης prev. author “R.” 341c; τὸν ὀ. συγγενῆ Diphilus Comicus 102.
__III.4 upright, just, ἐμμένειν ὀ. νόμῳ Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 350 (Lyric poetry); τὸ ὀ. uprightness, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 540d ; ἐπιστήμη ἐνοῦσα καὶ ὀ. λόγος (see. λόγος IV. I) prev. author “Phd.” 73a ; ὁ ὀ. λόγος διὰ πάντων ἐρχόμενος (see. λόγος 111.7) Chrysippus Stoicus 3.4 ; ὀ. λόγοι virtues on the intellectual side, Philodemus Philosophus “de Pietate - Herkulanische Studien” 8 . adverb ὀρθῶς rightly, justly, Thucydides Historicus 3.56; ὀ. καὶ δικαίως Antipho Orator 1.10, “IG” 22.228.14 (4th c.BC), “IPE” 12.32 B 73 (Olbia, 3rd c.BC), etc. ; ὀ. καὶ νομίμως Isocrates Orator 7.28.
__III.5 of persons, 'straight', straightforward, σμικροὶ καὶ οὐκ ὀρθοὶ τὰς ψυχάς Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 173a.
__III.6 on tiptoe, full of expectation, excited, ὀρθῆς τῆς πόλεως γενομένης διά τι Isocrates Orator 16.7; τὴν Ἑλλάδα ὀρθὴν οὖσαν ἐπί τινι prev. author 5.70; ὀ. ἦν ἡ πόλις ἐπὶ τοῖς συμβεβηκόσιν Lycurgus Orator 39, compare Hyperides Orator “Fragmenta” 39; ὀ. καὶ μετέωροι ταῖς διανοίαις Polybius Historicus 28.17.11; ὀ. καὶ περίφοβος ἦν ἡ πόλις prev. author 3.112.6; ὀ. διὰ τὸν φόβον Diodorus Siculus Historicus 16.84; ὀ. καὶ δραστήριος διὰ τὸ θαρρεῖν Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Philopoemen” 12.
__IV ἡ ὀρθή,
__IV.1 (i.e. ὁδός) see above 11.1.
__IV.2 ὀ. γωνία right angle, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 55b ; so ὀ. alone, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1098a30, al.; compare ὄρθιος see 1: τέμνειν πρὸς ὀρθάς to cut at right angles, Euclides Geometra 3.3, al. ; εἴ τις δείξειεν ὅτι αἱ ὀρθαὶ οὐ συμπίπτουσι.. that right angles do not meet (short for 'that two straight lines making, with a third, interior angles equal to two right angles, etc.'), Aristoteles Philosophus “Anthologia Graeca” 0.74a13 ; τὸ δυσὶν ὀρθαῖς the theorem that the angles of a triangle are together equal to two right angles, prev. work85b5 ; ὀρθὸς κῶνος, κύλινδρος, a right cone, cylinder, Archimedes Geometra “περὶ σφαίρας καὶ κυλίνδρου” 1.26, 1.11.
__IV.3 (with or without πτῶσις) nominative, Latin casus rectus, opposed to the oblique cases, Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus 636.3, 1st cStrabo Geographus 14.2.28, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Pronominibus;” 39.10, al., Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 1.177.
__V ὀρθά active verbs, opposed to ὕπτια (passive) and οὐδέτερα (neuter), Chrysippus Stoicus 2.59.
__VI ὀ. τόνος real or unmodified (compare above 111.3) accent, opposed to ἐγκλινόμενος, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Pronominibus;” 36.10, al.; so ὀρθὴ τάσις prev. work 54.8, al. (The gloss of 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus, βορθ-αγορίσκοι, ={ὀ}., and the dialect forms of Ὀρθεία (which see), suggest that the word originally had ϝ.)

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