kind, jongen, meisje, knecht, slaaf
Taal: Grieks




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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

παῖς, gen., παιδός, ὁ, ἡ, [in LXX chiefly for עֶבֶד H5650, also for נַעַר H5288, נַעֲרָה H5291, etc.;] 1. a child, boy, youth, maiden: ὁ π., Mt 17:18, Lk 2:43 9:42, Ac 20:12; ἡ π. Lk 8:51, 54 (on the artic. nom, of address, v. M, Pr., 70 f., 235; Bl., § 33, 4); pl., Mt 2:16 21:15; of parentage, c. gen., Jo 4:51. 2. Like Heb. עֶבֶד H5650, Lat. puer, Fr. garçon, Eng. boy (Æsch., Aristoph., Xen., al.), servant, slave, attendant: Mt 8:6, 8, 13, Lk 7:7 12:45 15:26; in late writers (Diod., LXX: Ge 41:37, al.), of a king's attendant or minister: Mt 14:2; so (= Heb. עֶבֶד H5650 יְהֹוָה H3068) π. τ. θεοῦ (Ps 66 (69):18, Is 41:8, Wi 2:13, al.), of Israel, Lk 1:54; of David, Lk 1:69, Ac 4:25; of Jesus (but v. Dalman, Words, 277 f.), Mt 12:18(LXX), Ac 3:13, 26 4:27, 30.†

SYN.: 1. τέκνον G5043, child, with emphasis on parentage and the consequent community of nature; υἱός G5207, son, with emphasis on the privileged position of heirship; π. refers both to age and parentage, but with emphasis on the former. Cf. also παιδάριον G3808, παιδίον G3813, παιδίσκη G3814, and v. Westc. on I Jn 3:1. 2. v.s. θεράπων G2324, and cf. Thackeray, Gr., 7 f.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

  also παῦς (which see), παιδός, ὁ, ἡ, genitive plural παίδων, Doric dialect παιδῶν Greg.Cor. p.317 Sophocles Tragicus ; dative plural παισί, Epic dialect παίδεσσι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.381, etc. ; in early Epic dialect frequently disyllable in nominative πάϊς, e. g. when forming part of two different feet, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.609, 5.704, etc. ; probably also in the fifth foot, 9.57, 11.389 ; and before bucolic diaeresis, 2.205, al. ; also in Lyric poetry, Sappho Lyrica 38, 85 ; and in Boeotian dialect, “IG” 7.690, al. (from Tanagra) , compare πῆ; πάϊ ᾰῑ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.192 (παιδ- is never disyllable in oblique cases in Homerus Epicus); acc. πάϊν Aeschylus Tragicus R.4.697, “Anthologia Graeca” 3.8 (Inscription Cyzic.), 9.125 ; genitive παϊδός epigram cited in Lucianus Sophista “Symp.” 41 ; dative παϊδί probably in Anacreon Lyricus 17:
__I in relation to Descent, child, whether son, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.205, 609, al. (with special reference to the father, opposed to τέκνον, which see): pl., Thucydides Historicus 1.4, etc. ; or daughter, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.20, 443, 3.175; παῖδες ἄρρενες καὶ θήλειαι Plato Philosophus “Leges” 788a ; παῖς, opposed to κόρα, “Berl.Sitzb.” 1927.7 (Locr., 5th c.BC) ; of an adopted son, ἀλλά σε παῖδα ποιεύμην Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.494; παίδων παῖδες, τοί κεν μετόπισθε γένωνται 20.308, compare Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 7.100, “Inscription Cyprian dialect” 135.11 H., etc.; Ἀγήνορος παῖδες ἐκ παίδων Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 281 ; frequently in orators of legal issue, Isocrates Orator 19.9, Isaeus Orator 7.31, etc. ; of animals, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 50 (anap.).
__I.2 metaphorically, ἀμπέλου π., of wine, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 9.52; χορῶν ἐραστὴς κισσὸς ἐνιαυτοῦ δὲ παῖς Chaeremon Tragicus 5 ; ὀρείας πέτρας π., of Echo, Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 1110 ; ὅρκου π. ἀνώνυμος, of the penalty of perjury, Oracle texts cited in Herodotus Historicus 6.86 .; ἄναυδοι π. τᾶς ἀμιάντου, of fishes, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 578 (Lyric poetry).
__I.3 periphrastic, οἱ Λυδῶν παῖδες sons of the Lydians, i. e. the Lydians, Herodotus Historicus 1.27, compare 5.49; π. Ἑλλήνων Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 402 ; οἱ Ἀσκληπιοῦ π., i. e. physicians, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 407e ; οἱ ζωγράφων π. painters, prev. author “Lg.” 769b ; παῖδες ῥητόρων orators, Lucianus Sophista “Anach.” 19 ; π. ἰατρῶν, π. πλαστῶν καὶ γραφέων, prev. author “Dips.” 5, “Im.” 9; compare υἱός 2.
__II in relation to Age, child, boy or girl, νέος π. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.665; παῖδες νεαροί Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.289; σμίκρα π. Sappho Lyrica 34: with another substantive, π. συφορβός boy-swineherd, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.282; παῖδα κόρην γαμεῖν Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 595; ἐν παισὶ νέοισι π. Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 3.72; π. ἔτ᾽ ὤν Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 755, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.710; ἔτι π. Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 310e; παιδὸς μηδὲν βελτίων prev. work 342e: distinguished from παιδίον, μειράκιον, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἑβδομάδων - Die Hippokratische Schrift von der Siebenzahl” 5, compare Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 4.17, “Cyr.” 8.7.6, 1.2.4 ; ἐκ παιδός from a child, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 374c; ἐκ παιδὸς εἰς γῆρας Aeschines Orator 1.180; ἐκ τῶν παίδων εὐθύς Plato Philosophus “Leges” 694d, compare “R.” 386a; ἀκούων τῶν παίδων εὐθύς prev. author “Lg.” 642b; εὐθὺς ἐκ παίδων ἐξελθών Demosthenes Orator 21.154 ; ἡλικίαν ἔχειν τὴν ἄρτι ἐκ π. to be just out of one's childhood, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.4.25; ἐκ μικρῶν π. Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1336a14; Ἡρακλῆς ἐν παισὶν ὄφεις ἀπέκτεινεν Dio Cassius Historicus 56.36 ; ἐν παισὶ (variant{παιδὶ}) ποιμαίνων Herodianus Grammaticus 6.8.1 ; χορηγεῖν παισί compare (χορηγέω 11): proverbial, τοῦτο κἂν π. γνοίη Plato Philosophus “Euthydemus” 279d; δῆλον τοῦτό γε ἤδη καὶ παιδί prev. author “Smp.” 204b; παῖδας τοὺς πρὸ αὐτοῦ ἀπέφηνε Lucianus Sophista “Peregr.” 11, compare “Alex.” 4 ; ἔνι τις καὶ ἐν ἡμῖν π., of the superstitious fears of a child, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 77e, compare Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus “de Abstinentia - Porphyrii Opuscula” 1.41.
__III in relation to Condition, slave, servant, man or maid (of all ages), παῖ, παῖ Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 653, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 395, Epicrates Comicus 5.2, etc.; παῖ, παιδίον Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 132 : plural, of the crew of a ship, Demosthenes Orator 33.8. (From Παϝις, compare παῦρος , Latin puer.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks παιδαγωγός G3807 "goeverneur"; Grieks παιδάριον G3808 "jongetje"; Grieks παιδεύω G3811 "kinderen opvoeden, opleiden, trainen"; Grieks παιδίον G3813 "jong kind, jongetje, meisje, zuigeling"; Grieks παιδίσκη G3814 "meisje (jong), slavin (jonge), dienstbode"; Grieks παίζω G3815 "spelen, liefdesspelen, grappen maken, dansen, musiceren, jagen"; Grieks παίω G3817 "slaan, beuken, steken";


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