G4678 σοφία
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

σοφία, -ας, ἡ [in LXX chiefly for חׇכְמָה H2451 ;] skill, intelligence, wisdom, ranging from knowledge of the arts and matters of daily life to mental excellence in its highest and fullest sense; (a) of human wisdom: I Co 2:1, 4, 5, Ja 3:15, Re 13:18 17:9; σ. Σολομῶνος, Mt 12:42, Lk 11:31; Αἰγυπτίων, Ac 7:22; Ἕλληνες σ. ζητοῦσιν, I Co 1:22; σ. λόγου, I Co 1:17; τ. σοφῶν, ib. 19 (LXX); τ. κόσμου, ib. 20, 21 3:19; ἀνθρωπίνη, I Co 2:13; σαρκική, II Co 1:12; of wisdom in spiritual things: Lk 21:15, Ac 6:3, 10 7:10, I Co 2:6, Col 1:28 2:23 3:16 4:5, Ja 1:5 3:13, 17, II Pe 3:15; λόγος σοφίας, I Co 12:8; πνεῦμα σοφίας, Eph 1:17; σ. καὶ φρόνησις, Eph 1:8; σ. καὶ σύνεσις, Col 1:9; (b) of divine wisdom: of God, Ro 11:33, I Co 1:21, 24 2:7, Re 7:12; πολυποίκιλος, Eph 3:10 of Christ, Mt 13:54, Mk 6:2, Lk 2:40, 52, I Co 1:30 Col 2:3, Re 5:12; of wisdom personified, Mt 11:19, Lk 7:35 11:49.†

SYN.: σύνεσις G4907, intelligence; φρόνησις G5428, prudence, which with σ. make up (Arist., N. Eth., i, 13) the three intellectual ἀρεταί. σ. is wisdom primary and absolute; in distinction from which φ. is practical, σύνεσις critical, both being applications of σ. in detail (cf. Lft., and ICC on Col 1:9; Lft., Notes, 317 f.; Tr., Syn., § lxxv; Cremer, 870 ff.).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

σοφία,
  Ionic dialect -ιη, ἡ, properly cleverness or skill in handicraft and art, as in carpentry, τέκτονος, ὅς ῥά τε πάσης εὖ εἰδῇ σ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.412 ; of the Telchines, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 7.53 ; ἡ ἔντεχνος σ., of Hephaestus and Athena, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 32 1d ; of Daedalus and Palamedes, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 4.2.33, compare 1.4.2 ; in music and singing, τέχνῃ καὶ σ. “hymnus ad Mercurium” 483, compare 511; in poetry, Solon Lyricus 13.52, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 1.117, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 882, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.2.8, etc.; in driving, Plato Philosophus “Theages” 123c ; in medicine or surgery, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 3.54; in divination, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 502 (Lyric poetry); δυσθανατῶν ὑπὸ σοφίας εἰς γῆρας ἀφίκετο Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 406b; σ. δημηγορική, δικανική, prev. work 365d ; ἡ περὶ Ὁμήρου σ. prev. author “Ion” 542a; οὐ σοφίᾳ ἀλλὰ φύσει ποιεῖν prev. author “Ap.” 22b; σημαίνοντες τὴν σ..., ὅτι ἀρετὴ τέχνης ἐστίν Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1141a12 : rare in plural, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 9.107, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 676 (Lyric poetry), “IG” 12.522 (vase, 5th c.BC).
__2 skill in matters of common life. sound judgement, intelligence, practical wisdom, etc., such as was attributed to the seven sages, like{φρόνησις}, Theognis Elegiacus 790, 876, 1074, Herodotus Historicus 1.30, 60 ; ἡ τῶν δεινῶν σ., opposed to ἀμαθία, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 360d ; τὴν τότε καλουμένην σ., οὖσαν δὲ δεινότητα πολιτικὴν καὶ δραστήριον σύνεσιν Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Themistocles” 2 ; also, cunning, shrewdness, craft, Herodotus Historicus 1.68, etc. ; τὸ λοιδορῆς αι θεοὺς ἐχθρὰ σ. Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 9.38.
__3 learning, wisdom, μείζω τινὰ ἢ κατ᾽ ἄνθρωπον σοφίαν σοφοί Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 20e; opposed to ἀμαθία, prev. work 22e ; frequently in Euripides Tragicus, e.g. μόρσιμα.. οὐ σοφίᾳ τις ἀπώσεται “Heracl.” 615 (Lyric poetry) ; τὸ σοφὸν οὐ σοφία (see. σοφός 1.3) “Ba.” 395 (Lyric poetry), etc.; frequently in Aristoteles Philosophus , speculative wisdom, “EN” 1141a19, “Metaph.” 982a2, 995b12 (pl.), 1059a18 ; defined as θείων τε καὶ ἀνθρωπίνων ἐπιστήμη, “Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta” 2.15 ; but also of natural philosophy and mathematics, σ. τις καὶ ἡ φυσική Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1005b1, compare 1061b33.
__4 among the Jews, ἀρχὴ σοφίας φόβος Κυρίου LXX.Pro.1.7, cf. LXX.Job.28.28, al.; Σοφία, recognized first as an attribute of God, was later identified with the Spirit of God, cf. LXX.Pro.8 with LXX.Sir.24s q.
__5 later as a title, ἡ ὑμετέρα, ἡ ὑμῶν σ., “POxy.” 1165.6, “PSI” 7.790.14 (both 6th c.AD).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks σοφός G4680 "wijs, bekwaam, geschoold";

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