G4680 σοφός
wijs, bekwaam, geschoold
Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

σοφός, -ή, -όν [in LXX chiefly for חָכָם H2450 ;] skilled, clever, wise, whether in handicraft, the affairs of life, the sciences or learning: Ro 16:19, I Co 3:10; of the learned, Ro 1:14, 22, I Co 1:19, 20, 26, 27 3:18-20; of Jewish teachers, Mt 11:25, Lk 10:21; Christian, Mt 23:34; of those en­dowed with practical wisdom, I Co 6:5, Eph 5:15, Ja 3:13; of God, Ro 16:27; compar., τ. μωρὸν τ. θεοῦ σοφώτερον, I Co 1:25.†

SYN.: συνετός G4908, φρόνιμος G5429 (v.s. σοφία G4678, SYN.)

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

σοφός, ή, όν,
  skilled in any handicraft or art, clever, ἁρματηλάτας σ. Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 5.115, compare “N.” 7.17; κυβερνήτης Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 770; μάντις prev. author “Th.” 382; οἰωνοθέτας Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 484 (Lyric poetry) ; of a sculptor, Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 372 ; even of hedgers and ditchers, Margites “fragment” 2 ; but in this sense mostly of poets and musicians, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 1.9, “P.” 1.42, 3.113 ; ἐν κιθάρᾳ σ. Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 1238 (Lyric poetry), compare Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 896 (Lyric poetry), etc. ; τὴν τέχνην -ώτερος prev. work 766; περί τι Plato Philosophus “Leges” 696c ; γλώσσῃ σ. Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 88.10; σοφὸς ὁ πολλὰ εἰδὼς φυᾷ, μαθόντες δὲ λάβροι Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 2.86.
__2 clever in practical matters, wise, prudent, ὁ χρήσιμ᾽ εἰδώς, οὐχ ὁ πόλλ᾽ εἰδώς, σ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 390 ; especially statesmanlike, in which sense the seven Sages were so called, Dicaearchus Geographus cited in 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 1.40 : hence, shrewd, worldly-wise, Theognis Elegiacus 120, Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 2.12, Herodotus Historicus 3.85; σ. ἄνδρες εἰσὶ Θεσσαλοὶ prev. author 7.130; σ. παλαιστὴς.., ἀλλὰ χαἱ χαἱ σοφαὶ γνῶμαι.. ἐμποδίζονται Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 431, compare 440, “Aj.” 1374 ; πολλὰ σ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1295 ; ἃ δεῖ σ. Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 655f; τῶν λεγομένων πονηρῶν μέν, σοφῶν δέ Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 519a: also σοφαὶ πραπίδες Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 11(10).10; φύσις Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1282 : even of animals, Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 3.7 (Comp.), 6.13 (Sup.) ; σ. πειθώ Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 9.39 codices (σοφοῖς Bgk.) ; εὐβουλία Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 1038: τὸ σ . my little trick, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 502d ; your clever notion, prev. author “Euthd.” 293d ; τἀπ᾽ ἐμοῦ σοφά, δάκρυα my tears, all the resources that I have, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 1214 ; εἰ δίκαια, τῶν σοφῶν κρείσσω τάδε better than all craft, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1246 ; σοφόν ἐστι with infinitive, Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 228.
__2.b more generally, learned, wise, τὸ μὲν σ. αὐτὸν καλεῖν ἔμοιγε μέγα εἶναι δοκεῖ καὶ θεῷ μόνῳ πρέπειν Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 278d, compare 279c, “Prt.” 329e, “Ap.” 21a (Comp.), 22c (Sup.); opposed to ἀμαθής, prev. work 25d (Comp.) ; of sophists, prev. work 20a, “Prt.” 309d, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.1.21, etc. ; universally and ideally wise, ὁ σ., τουτέστιν ὁ τὴν τοῦ ἀληθοῦς ἐπιστήμην ἔχων Chrysippus Stoicus 2.42, compare 3.167, al.: later σοφώτατος as a title, especially of lawyers or professors, “PIand.” 16.4 (5th-6th c.AD), “POxy.” 126.6 (6th c.AD).
__3 subtle, ingenious, opposed to ἀμαθής (1445) and σαφής, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1434 (_adverb_) ; σοφόν τοι τὸ σαφές, οὐ τὸ μὴ σαφές Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 397 ; τὸ σοφὸν οὐ σοφία wisdom overmuch is no wisdom, prev. author “Ba.” 395 (Lyric poetry) ; τί οὖν ἦν τοῦτ; οὐδὲν ποικίλον οὐδὲ σοφόν nothing curious or recondite, Demosthenes Orator 9.37. —For the senses of ς., see Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1141a10.—mostly abs., but with acc. rei, Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 655, Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 17c, etc. ; also ἐν οἰωνοῖς, κιθάρᾳ, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 662, 1238 (Lyric poetry); εἴς τι prev. author “fragment” 162 (Sup.) ; περί τι or τινος, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 203a, “Ap.” 19c: rarely with gen., σοφὸς κακῶν Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 453: also with infinitive, πῶς δῆτ᾽ ἔγωγ᾽ ἂν.. Διὸς γενοίμην εὖ φρονεῖν σοφώτερο; Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 524.7.
__II of things, cleverly devised, wise, νόμος Herodotus Historicus 1.196 (Sup.) ; νοήματα, ἔπεα, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 7.72 (Sup.), “P.” 4.138, etc.; γνῶμαι Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1091; νοῦς prev. author “El.” 1016 ; πάντα προσφέρων σοφά all wise sayings, prev. author “fragment” 763, compare “Ph.” 1245; χρόνου τε διατριβὰς σοφωτάτας ἐφηῦρε prev. author “fragment” 479; σοφώτερ᾽ ἢ κατ᾽ ἄνδρα συμβαλεῖν ἔπη Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 675; σ. φυγή prev. author “Supp.” 151 ; οὐδὲν σοφὸν εἶναι shows no great wisdom, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1137a10.
__III adverb σοφῶς cleverly, wisely, etc., first (?) in Sophocles Tragicus (?) “fragment” 1122; then in Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 699, “Ba.” 1271 codices, “Heracl.” 558, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1434, etc. : comparative -ώτερον Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 1007 : superlative -ώτατα prev. author “Hel.” 1528, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 522: —σοφῶς, as an exclamation of applause, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.45f, Martialis Epigrammaticus Latinus 3.46.8, etc. (Not in Epic dialect, except in Margites prev. cited and as ancient variant (1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 1023.14) in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.712 ; but see at {σοφία},{σοφίζομαι}.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἄσοφος G781 "onwijs, dwaas"; Grieks σοφία G4678 "wijsheid"; Grieks σοφίζω G4679 "verstandig maken, onderwijzen"; Grieks φιλόσοφος G5386 "filosofoV"; Grieks φρόνιμος G5429 "";

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