G5456 φωνή
geluid, toon
Taal: Grieks

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Geluid,

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pho'ne, zn vr waarschijnlijk verwant aan φαινω G05316 via het idee van onthulling); TDNT - 9:278,1287;


1) klank, toon 1a) van onbezielde dingen, zoals muziekinstrumenten 2) stem 2a) van het geluid van gesproken woorden 3) spraak 3a) van een taal, een dialect


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ, [in LXX chiefly and very freq. for קוֺל H6963 ;] a voice (a) prop., of persons, Mt 2:18 (LXX), al.; φ. αἴρειν (ἐπαίρειν), Lk 17:13, Ac 2:14, al.; φ. μεγάλῃ εἰπεῖν (λέγειν, φωνεῖν, etc.), Lk 8:28, Ac 7:57, Re 5:12, al.; γίνεται (ἔρχεται) φ. ἐκ τ. οὐρανῶν (ἐξ οὐρανοῦ), Mk 1:11, Lk 3:22, Jo 12:28, al. (cf. DCG, ii, 810a; Dalman, Words, 204 f.); ἀκούειν φωνήν (-ῆς; v.s. ἀκούω), Ac 9:4, 7 al.; φ. βοῶντος, Mt 3:3, Mk 1:3, Lk 3:4, Jo 1:23 (LXX); τ. θεοῦ, Jo 5:37, He 3:7 (α) of the speaker, βλέπειν τὴν φ., Re 1:12; (β) speech, language ( Ge 11:1, IV Mac 12:7, al.): I Co 14:10; (b) of inanimate things: Mt 24:31, Jo 3:8, Ac 2:6, Re 1:15b 9:9 14:2, al. (cf. Tr., Syn., § lxxxix).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

φων-ή, ἡ,
  sound, tone, properly, the sound of the voice, whether of men or animals with lungs and throat (ἡ φωνὴ ψόφος τίς ἐστιν ἐμψύχου Aristoteles Philosophus “de Anima” 420b5, compare 29, “HA” 535a27, “PA” 664b1) ; opposed to φθόγγος (see. φθόγγος 11):
__I mostly of human beings, speech, voice, utterance, φ. ἄρρηκτος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.490; ἀτειρέα φ. 17.555 ; φ. δέ οἱ αἰθέρ᾽ ἵκανεν, of Ajax' battle-cry, 15.686 ; of the battle-cry of an army, Τρώων καὶ Ἀχαιῶν.. φ. δεινὸν ἀϋσάντων 14.400 : plural, of the cries of market-people, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.2.3; ὁ τόνος τῆς φ. prev. author “Cyn.” 6.20, Demosthenes Orator 18.280, Aeschines Orator 3.209 ; ὀξεῖα, βαρυτέρα, λεία, τραχεῖα φ., Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 67b; φ. μαλακή Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 979 (anap.) ; μιαρά, ἀναιδής, prev. author “Eq.” 218, 638: with Verbs, φωνὴν ῥῆξαι Herodotus Historicus 1.85, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 357 (anap.); φ. ἱέναι Herodotus Historicus 2.2, 4.23, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 259d, etc.; φ. ἥσει Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 1295; προΐεσθαι Aeschines Orator 2.23; ἀρθροῦν Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.4.12; διαρθρώσασθαι Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 322a; ἐντείνασθαι Aeschines Orator 2.157; φ. ἐπαρεῖ Demosthenes Orator 19.336; φωνῇ with his voice, aloud, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.161, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 9.29; εἶπε τῇ φωνῇ τὰ ἀπόρρητα Lysias Orator 6.51; διὰ ζώσης φωνῆς Anonymus “Geog.Epit.” 1p.488M. ; μιᾷ φ. with one voice, Lucianus Sophista “Nigr.” 14 ; ἀπὸ φωνῆς, with genitive, dictated by.., Choeroboscus Grammaticus “in Thd.” 1.103 at Title Page, Marinus Biographus in Euc.Dat.p.234 M., Olympiodorus Philosophus “in Platonis Gorgiam commentaria - Neue Jahrbücher für Philologie, Suppl.” p.1 N., Palladius Medicus “in Hippocratem” 2.1 Demosthenes Orator: pl., αἱ φ. the notes of the voice, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 474e; σχήμασι καὶ φωναῖς Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1306a32: proverbial, φωνῇ ὁρᾶν, of a blind man, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 138 (anap.) ; πᾶσαν, τὸ λεγόμενον, φ. ἱέντα, i.e. using every effort, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 890d, compare “Euthd.” 293a; πάσας ἀφιέναι φωνάς prev. author “R.” 475a, Demosthenes Orator 18.195; φωνὰς ἀπρεπεῖς προΐεντο “PTeb.” 802.15 (2nd c.BC).
__I.2 the cry of animals, as of swine, dogs, oxen, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.239, 12.86, 396 ; of asses, Herodotus Historicus 4.129 ; of the nightingale, song, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.521; ἄνθρωπος πολλὰς φωνὰς ἀφίησι, τὰ δὲ ἄλλα μίαν Aristoteles Philosophus “Problemata” 895a4.
__I.3 any articulate sound, opposed to inarticulate noise (ψόφος), φ. κωκυμάτων Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1206; ὥσπερ φωνῆς οὔσης κατὰ τὸν ἀέρα πολλάκις καὶ λόγου ἐν τῇ φωνῇ Plotinus Philosophus 6.4.12: στοιχεῖόν ἐστι φ. ἀδιαίρετος Aristoteles Philosophus “Poetica” 1456b22 ; also especially of vowelsound, opposed to to that of consonants, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 203b, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 535a32 ; in literary criticism, of sound, opposed to meaning, Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ ποιημάτων” 5.20 (pl.), 21.
__I.4 of sounds made by inanimate objects, mostly poetical, κερκίδος φ. Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 595; συρίγγων Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 127 (Lyric poetry); αὐλῶν Mnesimachus Comicus 4.56 (anap.) ; rare in early Prose, ὀργάνων φωναί Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 397a; frequently in LXX, ἡ φ. τῆς σάλπιγγος LXX.Exo.20.18 +5th c.BC+; φ. βροντῆς LXX.Psa.103(104).7; ἡ φ. αὐτοῦ ὡς φ. ὑδάτων πολλῶν NT.Rev.1.15. +NT
__I.5 generally, sound, defined as ἀὴρ πεπληγμένος, πληγὴ ἀέρος, Zeno Citieus Stoicus 1.21, Chrysipp. prev. work2.43.
__II faculty of speech, discourse, εἰ φωνὴν λάβοι Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 548; παρέσχε φωνὴν τοῖς ἀφωνήτοις τινά prev. author “OC” 1283.
__II.2 language, hdt. 4.114, 117; φ. ἀνθρωπηΐη prev. author 2.55; ἀγνῶτα φ. βάρβαρον Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1051; φωνὴν ἥσομεν Παρνησίδα prev. author “Ch.” 563, compare Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 1397 (Lyric poetry), Thucydides Historicus 6.5, 7.57, Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 2.3, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 17d, etc.; τῶν βαρβάρων πρὶν μαθεῖν τὴν φ. prev. author “Tht.” 163b; κατὰ τὴν Ἀττικὴν τὴν παλαιὰν φ. prev. author “Cra.” 398d, compare 409e.
__III phrase, saying, τὴν Σιμωνίδου φ. prev. author “Prt.” 341b; ἡ τοῦ Σωκράτους φ. Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.106b, compare 330f, ; of formulae, στοιχειώματα καὶ φ. Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 1p.4U., compare “Sent.Vat.” 41 (= Metrodorus Epigrammaticus “fragment” 59); αἱ σκεπτικαὶ φ. Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “Πυρρώνειοι ὑποτυπώσεις” 1.14, compare Julianus Imperator “Orationes” 5.162b, etc.
__IV report, rumour, LXX.Gen.45.16.
__IV.b message, Sammelb. 7252.21 (3rd-4th c.AD).
__V loud talk, bragging, Epicurus Philosophus “Gnomologium Vaticanum - Kleine Schriften” 45.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀλεκτοροφωνία G219 "hanengekraai"; Grieks ἄφωνος G880 "sprakeloos, stom"; Grieks κενοφωνία G2757 "ijdele rede"; Grieks σύμφωνος G4859 "overeenstemmend, harmonisch"; Grieks φαίνω G5316 "schijnen, verlichten, verschijnen, licht werpen"; Grieks φωνέω G5455 "geluid geven, een geluid laten klinken, spreken, roepen";

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