G227 ἀληθής
waar
Taal: Grieks

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alēthēs, bn van α G00001 (als ontkennend voorvoegsel) en λανθάνω G02990; TDNT - 1:247,37;


1) waar 2) de waarheid liefhebbend, de waarheid sprekend, waarachtig


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἀληθής, -ές (< λήθω = λανθάνω, hence primarily, unconcealed, manifest; hence, actual, real), [in LXX for אֶמֶת H571, etc.;] (a) of things, true, conforming to reality: Jo 4:18 5:31-32 6:55 (= ἀληθινός, q.v.) Jo 8:13-14, 17 10:41 19:35 21:24, Ac 12:9, Phl 4:8, Tit 1:13, I Pe 5:12, II Pe 2:22, I Jn 2:6, III Jn 12; (b) of persons, truthful: Mt 22:16, Mk 12:14, Jo 3:33 7:18 8:26, Ro 3:4, II Co 6:8.†

SYN.: ἀληθινός G228, real, genuine, ideal, as opp. to spurious or imperfect ἀληθής G227, true to fact, as opp. to false, lying, denotes the actuality of a thing: ἀληθινός, its relation to the corresponding conception. (Cf. Tr., Syn., § viii; Cremer, 84 f., 631 Abbott, JV, 234 f.; DB, iv, 818 f.; MM, VGT, s.vv.)

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἀληθ-ής ᾰ,
  Doric dialect ἀλᾱθής, ές, (λήθω, ={λανθάνω}: ἀληθὲς τὸ μὴ λήθῃ ὑποπῖπτον “Etymologicum Magnum” 62.51) :—unconcealed, so true, real, opposed to false, apparent:
__I Homerus Epicus, opposed to ψευδής,in phrases ἀληθέα μυθήσασθαι, εἰπεῖν, ἀγορεύειν, ἀληθὲς ἐνισπεῖν, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.382, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.254, 3.254, 247, al.; in Herodotus Historicus and Attic. τὸ ἀληθές, by Trag. crasis τἀληθές, Ion. τὠληθές (Herodotus Historicus 6.68, 69), or τὰ ἀληθῆ, by crasis τἀληθῆ, etc. ; ἀληθέϊ λόγῳ χρᾶσθαι Herodotus Historicus 1.14, etc.; οἱ ἀληθέϊ λόγῳ βασιλέες 1.120; ἀληθεστάτη πρόφασις Thucydides Historicus 1.23.
__I.2 of persons, etc., truthful, honest (not in Homerus Epicus, see below), ἀ. νόος Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 2.92; κατήγορος Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 439; κριτής Thucydides Historicus 3.56 ; οἶνος ἀ. `in vino veritas', Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 217e; ὁ μέσος ἀ. τις Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1108a20.
__I.3 of oracles, true, unerring, ἀλαθέα μαντίων θῶκον Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 11.6, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 993, Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 1537 ; of dreams, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 710.
__II of qualities or events, true, real, φίλος Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 424; ἀ. τὸ πραχθέν Antipho Orator 1.6 ; genuine, ἀ. εἶναι δεῖ τὸ σεμνόν, οὐ κενόν Menander Comicus 596.
__II.2 realizing itself, coming to fulfilment, ἀρά Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 944.
__III adverb ἀληθῶς, Ionic dialect -θέως, truly, Simonides Lyricus 5.1, Herodotus Historicus 1.11, al., Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 315, etc.
__III.b actually, in reality, γένος τόδε Ζηνός ἐστιν ἀ. prev. work 585; ἀ. οὐδὲν ἐξῃκασμένα prev. author “Ag.” 1244, compare Thucydides Historicus 1.22, etc. ; τὴν ἀ. μουσικήν (i.e. οὖσαν) Antiphanes Comicus 209.6: —ὡς ἀ. in the true way, really, Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 739, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 63a, etc.; ἡ μὲν γὰρ ὡς ἀ. μήτηρ Demosthenes Orator 21.149 : comparative -εστέρως Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 347e, -έστερον Antipho Orator 3.3.4 : superlative -έστατα Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 4.8.1.
__III.2 neuter as adverb, proparoxytone ἄληθε; indeed? really? ironically, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 350, “Ant.” 758, Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 241, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 840, “Av.” 174.
__III.3 τὸ ἀληθές truly, Ionic dialect τὠληθές Herodas Mimographus 7.70.
__B not forgetting, careful, γυνὴ χερνῆτις ἀ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.433, compare 4th-5th c.AD(?): Nonnus Epicus “Dionysiaca” 24.233 :—the sense honest is post- Homerus Epicus ἀληθ-ίζω, dye with genuine purple, PHolm. 18.6.
__B.II middle -ίζομαι, ={ἀληθεύω}, Herodotus Historicus 1.136, 3.72, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.230b, Alciphro Epistolographus 3.39, 59.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀλήθεια G225 "objectief"; Grieks ἀληθεύω G226 "waarheid spreken"; Grieks ἀληθινός G228 "waar, waarheidlieved"; Grieks ἀληθῶς G230 "waar, hoogst zeker, stellig"; Grieks λανθάνω G2990 "verborgen zijn, vergeten";

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