G2316 θεός
God, Godheid, Heilige Geest, goden, godin, goddelijk, magistraat,
Taal: Grieks

Onderwerpen

Afgoden, Godsnaam,

Statistieken

Komt 1340x voor in de Bijbel.

Zie hier voor een verklaring van de gebruikte coderingen.

Woordstudie

theos̱, zn. mnl., van onzekere oorsprong; TDNT - 3:65,322;


1) God (Mat. 1:23; 3:9; Mark. 1:1); 1a) βασιλειαν του θεου "Koninkrijk van God" (Luk. 13:20; 18:17); 1b) als Geest (Joh. 4:24); 1c) goden (Hand. 17:23); 1d) tot de goden (om berecht te worden) (LXX Ex. 21:6; 22:8) 2) godin; 3) goddelijk (Homer, Odyssey, 13.111; Herodotus, Histories, 2.52; Plato, Cratylus, 397d; Homer, Iliad, 1.18); van mensen (Joh. 10:34-35; Hand. 12:22);


Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ, ἡ (Ac 19:37 only; v. M, Pr., 60, 244), late voc., θεέ (Mt 27:46; cf. De 3:24, al.), [in LXX chiefly for אֱלֹהִים H430, also for אֵל H410 and other cognate forms, יהוה H3069, etc.;] a god or deity, God 1. In polytheistic sense, a god or deity: Ac 28:6, I Co 8:4, II Th 2:4, al.; pl., Ac. 14:11 19:26, Ga 4:8, al. 2. Of the one true God (a) anarthrous: Mt 6:24, Lk 20:38, al.; esp. c. prep. (Kühner3, iii, 605), ἀπὸ θ., Jo 3:2; ἐκ, Ac 5:39, II Co 5:1, Phl 3:9; ὑπό, Ro 13:1; παρὰ θεοῦ, Jo 1:6; παρὰ θεῷ, II Th 1:6, I Pe 2:4; κατὰ θεόν, Ro 8:27, II Co 7:9, 10; also when in gen. dependent on an anarth. noun (Bl., §46, 6), Mt 27:43, Lk 3:2, Ro 1:17, I Th 2:13; as pred., 20:38, Jo 1:1, and when the nature and character rather than the person of God is meant, Ac 5:29, Ga 2:6, al. (M, Th., 14); (b) more freq., c. art.: Mt 1:23, Mk 2:7, al. mult.; c. prep., ἀπὸ τ. θ., Lk 1:26; ἐκ, Jo 8:42, al.; παρὰ τοῦ θ., Jo 8:40; π. τῷ θ., Ro 9:14; ἐν, Col 3:3; ἐπὶ τῷ θ., Lk 1:47; ἐπὶ τὸν θ., Ac 15:19; εἰς τ. θ., Ac 24:15; πρὸς τ. θ., Jo 1:2; c. gen. pers., Mt 22:32, Mk 12:26, 27, osisRef="Luke.20.37"Lk 20:37, Jo 20:17, al.; ὁ θ. μου, Ro 1:8, Phi 1:3, al.; ὁ θ. καὶ πατήρ κ. τ. λ., Ro 15:6, Eph 1:3, Phi 4:20, al.; c. gen. rei, Ro 15:5, 13, 33, II Co 1:3, I Th 5:23; τὰ τ. θεοῦ, Mt 16:23, Mk 12:17, I Co 2:11; τὰ πρὸς τὸν θ., Ro 15:17, He 2:17 5:1; τ. θεῷ, as a superl. (LXX, Jos 3:3), Ac 7:20, II Co 10:4; Hebraistically, of judges (Ps 81(82):6), Jo 10:34(LXX), 35.

Etymologie

Het woord θεός is van onzekere etymologie (K. v.d. Toorn, p. 365), mogelijke oorsprong van het Proto-Indo-Europese dʰéh₁s (god, manifestatie). Plato geeft de volgende verklaring (welke overigens niet door wetenschappers is overgenomen) "Socrates: My notion would be something of this sort:- I suspect that the sun, moon, earth, stars, and heaven, which are still the Gods of many barbarians, were the only Gods known to the aboriginal Hellenes. Seeing that they were always moving and running, from their running nature they were called Gods (Theous) or runners (Theontas); and when men became acquainted with the other Gods, they proceeded to apply the same name to them all. Do you think that likely? Hermogenes: I think it very likely indeed." (Plato, Cratylus, vert. Benjamin Jowett)

Enthousiast van Grieks ἐνθουσιασμός enthousiastḗs van het werkwoord enthousiázein ‘in goddelijke vervoering zijn’, afleiding van het bn. ἔνθεος éntheos ‘god in zich hebbend’ (M. Philippa; WNT).


Bronnen


Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks θεά G2299 "godin"; Grieks θεῖος G2304 "goddelijk, Drie-eenheid"; Grieks θεότης G2320 "godheid"; Grieks Τιμόθεος G5095 "Timotheus"; Grieks φιλόθεος G5377 "filoqeoV";

Literatuur


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