G165 αἰών
werelden, heelal, universum, eeuw, tijdsperiode, eeuwigheid
Taal: Grieks

Onderwerpen

Eeuwigheid, Heelal, Universum, Tijd,

Statistieken

Komt 125x voor in 22 Bijbelboeken.

Zie hier voor een verklaring van de gebruikte coderingen.

Woordstudie

ai'oon, zn m van hetzelfde als ἀεί G00104; TDNT - 1:197,31;


1) levensduur, levenψυχή τε καὶ αἰώνHomerus, Ilias 16.453; “ἐκ δ᾽ αἰ. πέφαταιHomerus, Ilias 19.27; “μηδέ τοι αἰ. φθινέτωHomerus, Odyssee 5.160; “λείπει τινάHomerus, Ilias 5.685; ἀπ᾽ αἰῶνος νέος ὤλεο (Zenod. νέον) 24.725; “τελευτᾶν τὸν αἰῶναHerodotos, Historiën 1.32, etc.; “αἰῶνος στερεῖν τινάAeschylus, Prometheus Gebonden 862; “αἰῶνα διοιχνεῖνAeschylus, Eumenides 315; “συνδιατρίβειν” Cratin. 1; αἰ. Αἰακιδᾶν, beschr. van de Aeacidae, Sophocles, Ajax 645 s. v. l.; “ἀπέπνευσεν αἰῶνα” E.Fr.801; “ἐμὸν κατ᾽ αἰῶνα”  Aeschylus, Zeven tegen Thebes 219. 1a) generatie αἰ. ἐς τρίτον Aeschylus, Zeven tegen Thebes 744; ὁ μέλλων αἰών nageslacht, Demosthenes, Op de Kroon 18.199, cf. Pl.Ax.370c. 1b) iemands leven, lot, toekomst Sophocles, Trachiniae, 34, Euripides, Andromache, 1215; 1c) de eeuwige wereld van ideeën (Plato, Republic, 514a–520a)

2) periode van tijd 2a) eeuwig, altijddurend Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 26, Aeschylus, Eumenides, 563; τὸν δι᾽ αἰ. χρόνον voor altijd, Aeschylus, Agamemnon 554; εἰς ἅπαντα τὸν αἰ. Lycurgus, Against Leocrates 106, Isocrates, Helen 10.62; εἰς τὸν αἰ. LXX Gen. 3.23, al., D.S.21.17, Joh. 8.35, Ps.-Luc. Philopatr.17; “εἰς αἰῶνα αἰῶνοςLXX Ps. 131(132).14; ἐξ αἰῶνος καὶ ἕως αἰῶνος LXX Jer. 7.7; ἐπ᾽ αἰ. LXX Ex.15.18; ἕως αἰῶνος LXX 1 Kon. 1.22, al.:— zonder voorvoegsel, τὸν ἅπαντα αἰ. Arist. Cael.279a22; “τὸν αἰῶνα” Lycurgus, Against Leocrates 62, Epicur.Ep.1p.8U.; eeuwigheid, χρόνος, Plato, Timaeus 37d, cf. Metrod. Fr.37, Ph.1.496,619, Plot.3.7.5, etc.; “τοὺς ὑπὲρ τοῦ αἰῶνος φόβουςEpicur.Sent.20; αιωνας … ουκ εσται τελος eeuwig … zonder einde (Luk. 1:33); ρημα κυριου μενει εις τον αιωνα "het Woord van de Heer blijft in eeuwigheid" (1 Petr. 1:25); als overtreffende trap εις τους αιωνας των αιωνων "in de eeuwen van de eeuwen", ie. "in alle eeuwigheid" (Opb. 20:10) 2b) in de moderne astronomie is een aeon gedefinieerd als een periode van een miljard jaar (109 jaar, afgekort tot AE; Martin Harweit, Astrophysical Concepts, 1991, p. 4), terwijl Roger Penrose het woord aeon in de kosmologie gebruikt om de periode tussen opeenvolgende en cyclische big bangs in het kader van conforme cyclische kosmologie te beschrijven (Roger Penrose, Cycles of Time: An Extraordinary New View of the Universe, 2011).

αἰώνιος G166

3) de huidige wereld (Mat. 13:22 cf. Rom. 12:2; 1 Tim. 6:17; 2 Tim. 4:10; Heb. 1:2), met een vergelijking van κόσμος kosmos̱ G02889 en αἰών ai'oon (1 Cor. 1:20; 2:6; 3:19).

4) ruggenmerg (Hippocrates, De morbis popularibus, 7.122; Homerus, Ilias, 19.27).

5) Aion god van de tijd (Nonnus, Dionysiaca 41.180ff)


Literatuur


Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

αἰών, -ῶνος, ὁ, [in LXX chiefly for עַד ,עוֹלָם H5769,H5704;] 1. in cl., like Lat. aevum (LS, MM, VGT, s.v.), a space of time, as, a lifetime, generation, period of history, an indefinitely long period; in NT of an indefinitely long period, an age, eternity, usually c. prep. (MM, VGT (a) of the past: ἀπ’ αἰ. (cf. Heb. מֵעוֹלָם H5769), Lk 1:70; (b) of the future: εἰς τ. αἰ. (cf. לְעוֹלָם H5769), forever, Mt 21:19; id., c. neg., never, Jo 4:14; more strongly, εἰς τὸν αἰ. τοῦ αἰ., He 1:8(LXX); εἰς τοὺς αἰ., Mt 6:13; εἰς τοὺς αἰ. τῶν αἰ. (cf. Is 45:17, עַד־עוֹלְמֵי עַד H5769,H5704), Ro 16:27, LT; cf. also Eph 3:21, II Pe 3:18, Ju 25, Re 14:11. 2. οἱ αἰ., the worlds, the universe, "the sum of the periods of time, including all that is manifested in them": He 1:2 11:3 (cf. I Ti 1:17, where τῶν αἰ. are prob. "the ages or world-periods which when summed up make eternity". 3. the present age (Heb. הָעוֹלָם הַזֶּה H5769,H2088): ὁ αἰ., Mt 13:22; ὁ αἰ. οὗτος, Mt 12:32; ὁ νῦν αἰ., I Ti 6:17; ὁ ἐνεστὼς αἰ., Ga 1:4; similarly, of the time after Christ's second coming (הָעוֹלָם הַבָּא H5769), ὁ αἰ. ἐκεῖνος, Lk 20:35; ὁ αἰ. μέλλων, Mt 12:32; ὁ αἰ. ὁ ἐρχόμενος, Mk 10:30.

SYN.: κόσμος, the ordered universe, the scheme of material things; οἰκουμένη, the inhabited earth; in contrast with both of which αἰ. is the world under aspects of time (cf. Westc. on He 1:2; Tr., Syn., §lix; Thayer, s.v., αἰ.; Cremer, 74, 620; MM, VGT).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

αἰών, ῶνος, ὁ,
  Ionic dialect and Epic dialect also ἡ, as in Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.186, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1484: , like{Ποσειδῶ}, restored by Ahrens (from “Anecdota Graeca - Bekker” 363) in Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 350: (properly αἰϝών , compare aevum, see at {αἰεί}):—period of existence (τὸ τέλος τὸ περιέχον τὸν τῆς ἑκάστου ζωῆς χρόνον.. αἰὼν ἑκάστου κέκληται Aristoteles Philosophus “de Caelo” 279a25):
__I lifetime, life, ψυχή τε καὶ αἰών Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.453; ἐκ δ᾽ αἰ. πέφαται Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.27; μηδέ τοι αἰ. φθινέτω Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.160; λείπει τινά Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.685 ; ἀπ᾽ αἰῶνος νέος ὤλεο (Zenodotus Grammaticus νέον) 24.725; τελευτᾶν τὸν αἰῶνα Herodotus Historicus 1.32, etc.; αἰῶνος στερεῖν τινά Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 862; αἰῶνα διοιχνεῖν prev. author “Eu.” 315; συνδιατρίβειν Cratinus Comicus 1 ; αἰ. Αἰακιδᾶν, periphrastic for the Aeacidae, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 645 assuming variant; ἀπέπνευσεν αἰῶνα Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 801; ἐμὸν κατ᾽ αἰῶνα Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 219.
__I.2 age, generation, αἰ. ἐς τρίτον prev. work 744 ; ὁ μέλλων αἰών posterity, Demosthenes Orator 18.199, compare Plato Philosophus “Axiochus” 370c.
__I.3 one's life, destiny, lot, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 34, Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 1215, “fragment” 30, etc.
__II long space of time, age, αἰὼν γίγνεται 'tis an age, Menander Comicus 536.5 ; especially with Preps., ἀπ᾽ αἰῶνος of old, Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 609, NT.Luke.1.70; οἱ ἀπὸ τοῦ αἰ. Ῥωμαῖοι Dio Cassius Historicus 63.20; δι᾽ αἰῶνος perpetually, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 26, “Eu.” 563 ; all one's life long, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1024 ; δι᾽ αἰῶνος μακροῦ, ἀπαύστου, Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 582, 574 ; τὸν δι᾽ αἰ. χρόνον for ever, prev. author “Ag.” 554 ; εἰς ἅπαντα τὸν αἰ. Lycurgus Orator 106, Isocrates Orator 10.62 ; εἰς τὸν αἰ. LXX.Gen.3.23, al., Diodorus Siculus Historicus 21.17, NT.John.8.35, Ps.- Lucianus Sophista “Philopatr.” 17; εἰς αἰῶνα αἰῶνος LXX.Psa.131(132).14+1st c.BC+; ἐξ αἰῶνος καὶ ἕως αἰῶνος LXX.Jer.7.7; ἐπ᾽ αἰ. LXX.Exo.15.18; ἕως αἰῶνος LXX.1Ki.1.22, al.:— without a Prep., τὸν ἅπαντα αἰ. Aristoteles Philosophus “de Caelo” 279a22; τὸν αἰῶνα Lycurgus Orator 62, Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 1p.8U.+4th c.BC+; eternity, opposed to χρόνος, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 37d, compare Metrodorus Epigrammaticus “fragment” 37, Philo Judaeus 1.496, 619, Plotinus Philosophus 3.7.5, etc.; τοὺς ὑπὲρ τοῦ αἰῶνος φόβους Epicurus Philosophus “Sententiae” 20.
__II.2 space of time clearly defined and marked out, epoch, age, ὁ αἰὼν οὗτος this present world, opposed to ὁ μέλλων, NT.Matt.13.22, cf. NT.Rom.12.2; ὁ νῦν αἰ. NT.1Tim.6.17, NT.2Tim.4.10:—hence in plural, the ages, i.e. eternity, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “D.” 3 “fragment” 84; εἰς πάντας τοὺς αἰ. LXX.Tob.13.4+1st c.BC+; εἰς τοὺς αἰ prev. work. LXX.Sir.45.24, al., NT.Rom.1.25, etc.; εἰς τοὺς αἰ. τῶν αἰώνων LXX.4Mac.18.24, NT.Phil.4.20, etc.+NT; ἀπὸ τῶν αἰ., πρὸ τῶν αἰ., NT.Eph.3.9, 1 “Cor.” 2.7; τὰ τέλη τῶν αἰ. prev. work10.11.
__II.3 Αἰών, ὁ, personified, Αἰὼν Χρόνου παῖς Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 900 (Lyric poetry), compare “Corpus Hermeticum” 11, etc. ; as title of various divine beings, Damascius Philosophus “de Principiis” 151, al.; especially=Persian Zervan, 1Suidas Legal icographus see at {Ἡρασκος}.
__II.4 Pythagoras Philosophus, = 10, “Theologumena Arithmeticae” 59.
__B spinal marrow (perhaps regarded as seat of life), Hymns of Merc 42, 119, Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 111, Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 7.122; perhaps also Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.27.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀΐδιος G126 "eeuwig, duurzaam"; Grieks αἰώνιος G166 "zonder begin, eeuwig"; Grieks χρόνος G5550 ""; Hebreeuws עוֹלָם H5769 "eeuwigheid, altijd durend";

Literatuur


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